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MEDC Tropical Storm Case Study Revision. Hurricane Floyd, USA, 1999. What do you need to revise?. (1) Where? When? What happened? (2) What were the Human, Economic & Environmental effects of the hurricane? (3) What had been put in place to lessen the impacts of the hurricane?.

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medc tropical storm case study revision

MEDC Tropical Storm Case Study Revision

Hurricane Floyd, USA, 1999

what do you need to revise
What do you need to revise?

(1) Where? When? What happened?

(2) What were the Human, Economic & Environmental effects of the hurricane?

(3) What had been put in place to lessen the impacts of the hurricane?

slide3

Satellite image of Hurricane Floyd, source : eobglossary.gsfc.nasa.gov/Study/FloydIntro/

where when what happened
Where? When? What happened?
  • Formed in the Atlantic Ocean off the coast of Africa.
  • Intensified to a category 4 hurricane as it moved towards Bahamas.
  • Slowly weakening, Floyd tracked northwards and hit the US mainland near Cape Fear, North Carolina on 16th September.
  • It then moved up the coast weakening to a tropical storm as it entered New England.
human effects
Human Effects
  • 79 people died
  • 4 million people left their homes in Carolina, Georgia and Florida
  • 1 million people lost electricity & water supplies
  • 12,000 houses destroyed
  • 150,000 people registered for government assistance
hurricane floyd left the downtown area of franklin virginia under 1 8metres of water
Hurricane Floyd left the downtown area of Franklin, Virginia under 1.8metres of water

Source: www.nationalgeographic.com/.../h_img_4_1.html

economic effects
Economic Effects
  • $460 billion paid out for insurance.
  • Farmers lost $1 billion
  • Many farmers had to find other jobs as crops totally destroyed
  • 250 roads and many bridges damaged
  • In Bahamas; boats, hotels and offices destroyed as well as houses.
environmental effects
Environmental Effects
  • Beaches & sand dunes destroyed
  • Oak Island had 20m of beach blown away
  • 1000’s trees blown down
  • Severe erosion at Barrier Islands which led to increased flood risk on coastline
  • 14 states suffered from flooding. North Carolina had area size of Belgium flooded.
what had been put in place to lessen the impacts
What had been put in place to lessen the impacts?
  • Prediction & Warning
  • National Hurricane Centre (NHC) in Miami, Florida is a government funded warning service.
  • Satellites constantly provide data of tropical storm development
  • Evacuation procedures in place (reduced death toll with Floyd as 2.5Million were evacuated). By June 2000 new highway renovation had taken place to ease traffic congestion at evacuation times.
slide13
Preparing the People

- The Federal Emergency Management Agency (FEMA) provides a free guide with tips on how to protect yourselves, homes and businesses against hurricanes.

slide14
Building design and regulations

-Many windows and doors are covered with wood and nailed down

-Some have storm shutters and shatter-resistant windows

-All hurricane prone states have building codes, not everyone follows this though!

-In some US states the government is limiting the building of new developments in high risk coastal and river plain locations.

typical questions
Typical questions:
  • There are often hurricanes on the east coast of the USA, an MEDC. Why do people continue to live in this area? [3]
  • Tropical storms have an impact on people and the environment. Choose a case study of a tropical storm. Describe the impacts (effects) of the storm and explain how the effects of the storm are related to the state of development of the country [8].