Wind farm term project team windbreakers
1 / 35

Wind Farm Term Project: Team Windbreakers - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

Wind Farm Term Project: Team Windbreakers. Members : Ross Belkofer James Rayo Natalie Sample Alex Styborski Garrett Brown Dylan Warner . Executive Summary. Statement of the Problem Background Method of Solution Results

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Wind Farm Term Project: Team Windbreakers' - evelia

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Wind farm term project team windbreakers
Wind Farm Term Project:Team Windbreakers


Ross Belkofer James Rayo

Natalie Sample Alex Styborski

Garrett Brown Dylan Warner

Executive summary
Executive Summary

  • Statement of the Problem

  • Background

  • Method of Solution

  • Results

  • Discussion and Conclusions



  • History of Development of the Wind Turbine in this Project

  • Choices in Wind Farm Design

  • What the future holds…


  • An off-shore wind farm could have benefits but also many issues related to the planning and building of it. The General Electric 4.0-110 is the turbine used in this presentation.

  • Issues to address:

  • Where will this wind turbine be located and what is its purpose?

  • Obtaining consent for construction and other legal issues concerning the project.

  • Is safety a concern in the building and use of this wind turbine?


  • Introduced in 2010

  • Relatively new wind turbine

  • General Electric is a global leader

    of wind turbines around the world

[Figure 1: GE symbol(2012)]

Choice in wind turbine
Choice in Wind Turbine

  • General Electric’s proven technology

  • The 4.0 MW offshore wind turbine delivers a reliable, cost-effective, high-performance solution

  • Offshore capability to generate a multitude of energy

  • Permanent magnet generator delivers high efficiency even at low wind speeds

  • Replaces gearboxes with reliable components designed for offshore turbines

What the future holds
What the Future Holds

  • The offshore wind industry is maturing and growing

  • From a 1.5 GW base in 2008 to a forecasted 30 GW base in 2020

  • Wind power will be more dependent

  • “Powering the world… responsibly.”

Statement of the problem
Statement of the Problem

  • To construct the offshore wind turbine within the constraints of:

    • The Construction Schedule

    • The Budget

    • The Environment (Oceanic Surface)

    • Abiding to safety regulations

Why solve the problem
Why solve the problem?

  • Construction

  • Quality of Life

  • Material measurements precise i.e. concrete, machine use

  • Stick to construction schedule

  • Cheaperfor local people

  • Healthier more responsible alternative

  • Protection of Environment

  • No emission of carbon dioxide

  • Animal life - no chance of oil spills

  • Ozone layer

  • Not burning fossil fuels

  • Alternative energy

  • Clean

Mission and objectives
Mission and Objectives

Key Factors:

  • Location

  • Turbine Type / Amount

  • Cost

  • Time


“Our General Electric 4.0-110 Offshore Wind Turbine will efficiently produce and store clean energy to power various sources off the coast of Maine.”

Iterative design
Iterative design

Develop the


Define the problems

Implement and test

the solutions

Observe and evaluate



  • Location in relation to environment

  • Type of turbine

  • Distance from shore

  • Codes zoning

  • Wave patterns and depth of

    water (Nautical Chart)

  • Weather

Construction planning
Construction Planning

  • Weather

  • Materials/transportation

  • Workers

  • Legal consideration


  • Equipment rental

  • Budget

  • Timeline

  • Safety


  • Surrounding environment

  • Marine life

  • Weather

  • Wave patterns

  • Properties of water

  • Cost

  • Energy

About the ge 4 0 110 offshore turbine
About the GE 4.0-110 OFFSHORE TURBINE

  • Horizontal Axis Turbine

  • For cost efficiency gearboxes were replaced with slow speed components for the offshore environment

  • Safety and Maintenance Advantages

  • Open nacelle and easy access to the core hub

  • Automatic Lubrication Process

  • Self generated and has redundant operation systems

  • Low operating cost

  • Efficient power to energy ratio

[Figure 1: GE 4.0-110 Offshore Turbine (2008)]

Power curve
Power Curve

  • Rated Power Capacity : 4 MW

  • Rated Power produced in 1 hour = 4 MWh

  • Rated Power produced in 1 year = 35,040 MWh

  • Rated Power produced in 1 year for 20 turbines = 700,800 MWh

  • Cut-In (Start-Up) Wind Speed: 3 m/s

  • Rated (Nominal) Wind Speed: 14 m/s

  • Cut-Out (Maximum) Wind Speed: 25 m/s


  • There is a range of wind speeds close to the rated wind speed in which the turbine performs optimally

  • After this range, performance decreases drastically

  • On average, if wind speed decreases by half, power production decreases by a factor of 8

  • Industry estimates an annual output of 30-40% of the rated capacity

  • Mean output in U.S.: 26.9% of rated capacity

  • General Electric claims a 52% capacity factor (in wind speed of 10 m/s)

Efficiency cont d
Efficiency cont’d

  • This is called capacity factor: actual output/maximum output

  • 26.9% capacity factor: 700,800 * 0.269 = 188,515 MWh in 1 year

  • 52% capacity factor: 700,800 * 0.52 = 364,416 MWh in 1 year

How many homes can a wind turbine power
How many homes can a wind turbine power?

  • Average household power consumption: 11.496 MWh per year

  • Maine: 6.252 MWh per year

  • 52% capacity factor: 31,699 homes, 58,287 in Maine

  • 26.9% capacity factor: 16,398 homes, 30,153 in Maine

  • ** This does not mean, however that our power is going straight to housing. Instead, it is being sold to a power distribution company where housing accounts for only about one third of power in the grid.

Max power calculation
Max Power Calculation

  • Max Rated Power:

  • Minimum Wind Speed = 3 M/S*

  • Maximum Wind Speeds = 25 M/S*

* Calculations included the use of MatLab™

[Figure 2: Screen Shot of MATLAB]

Offshore location
Offshore Location

  • Offshore of Maine in the United States

  • Known to have high wind speeds year-round

  • The coast is not overwhelmed with turbines with a comfortable distance away from the shore line

  • 20 turbines on water platforms

  • Google Earth map representation…

Site map
Site Map

Atlantic Coastline

[Figure 3: Google Maps Image]

Google sketch up d esign
Google Sketch-Up Design

---- Electrical connections

Layout of generator and electrical connections
Layout of Generatorand Electrical Connections

  • Generator

  • High above water

  • ensure water protection

  • Worker’s Platform

  • easy accessibility

  • storage of the generator and electrical connections

[Figure 4: Turbine Internals]

Layout of generator cont
Layout of Generator cont.

  • Direct Drive Generator:

  • Transferring DC power through the sea water

  • High inductance of salt water allows the DC power to flow

  • DC power will move through the connections and be converted at substation

Method of solution
Method of solution

  • Work Breakdown and Structure:

  • Labor

  • Contractors

    • Transportation of equipment

      • Barges

    • Platform constructor

    • General Electric (GE) for Wind Turbines

Construction schedule
Construction Schedule

  • Hiring Period of personnel: 1 month

  • Site prep and law/license registration and processing: 2-3 months

  • Equipment Ordering/Delivering: 3 weeks

  • Construction: 5-8 months

  • Testing Period: 2 weeks

Cost analysis
Cost Analysis

  • The total budget will be anywhere from $220-$230 million dollars

  • Categories:

    • Safety

    • Wind Turbines

    • Labor Costs

    • Transportation

    • Equipment/Miscellaneous

Team windbreakers group roles
Team Windbreakers Group Roles

  • Natalie – Harmonizer and encourager

  • Alex – Clarifier and information seeker

  • Ross – Initiator and option generator

  • Dylan – Summarizer

  • Garrett – Information giver

  • James – Initiator and option generator

  • In our research we found that each of us had roles that helped to propel us and keep us going on the right track. Through this collaboration our project was completed.

Evaluation of preliminary design
Evaluation of Preliminary Design

Team 5 Ratings of Preliminary Presentation:

[Fiigure 5: GE 40-110 (2012)]

Evaluation of preliminary design1
Evaluation of Preliminary Design

  • Team 5 Brainstorming:

  • The group needs to go into more detail about each of the tasks necessary to complete the project

  • We need to find the cost of each turbine

  • We need to discuss safety more in depth

  • Consider environmental impacts more thoroughly

  • We need to research the electrical workings of the turbine

Discussion and conclusions
Discussion and Conclusions

  • Very Bright Future

  • Future challenges:

    • environmental impacts

    • cost constraints

  • Turnover Rate

    • approximately 10-15 years

  • The major challenges of wind farms:

    • Space

    • Time

    • Weather/Environment

    • Legal Regulations

    • Costs

  • These challenges can be overcome with careful planning and research