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The changing media landscape: where we have to go from here. Guy Berger, KAF-SPI conference 25 May 2008. On the agenda. First world trends – a yawning international digital divide: but no time to feel sleepy! Changing industry, audiences in First World. Media’s business model is breaking up.

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the changing media landscape where we have to go from here

The changing media landscape: where we have to go from here

Guy Berger, KAF-SPI conference

25 May 2008

on the agenda
On the agenda
  • First world trends – a yawning international digital divide: but no time to feel sleepy!
  • Changing industry, audiences in First World.
  • Media’s business model is breaking up.
  • New architecture of Information Society.
  • Web 2.0 = competition … and an opportunity.
  • Mobile – Africa’s answer?
at a conference last month in lv
At a conference last month in LV:
  • Selling Online Using Market-Specific Research
  • E-Commerce Revenue Solutions
  • Great Interactive Ideas
  • Social Networking - How to Build it, Grow it and Bring in the Bucks
  • Serving Readers and Advertisers through Search Marketing
  • Managing Citizen Commentary and Contributions
  • 5 Things You Should Do in 2008 to Immediately Improve Your Web Site
who convened it
Who convened it?

SUBURBAN NEWSPAPERS OF AMERICA

so why that online focus
So why that online focus?
  • Cf report: State of the News Media 2008:
  • Newspapers in USA ended 2007 with 8.4% less circulation daily, 11.4% less Sunday than 2001.
  • Plus, print newspaper ad revenues experienced their worst drop in more than 50 years.
  • Network news programs averaged 23.1 million viewers a night, a drop of 5%, on 2006.
audience patterns
Audience patterns
  • In 2000, 60% of people said they had got news online ever; 22% said they did it “yesterday”
  • In late 2007, the number who got online news ever was up to 71% and 37% said they were online for news “yesterday.”
  • Many people, especially the young, are just shifting to the same branded news content online produced by old media newsrooms.
uncoupling
Uncoupling
  • Media content from specific physical formats.

= it’s all data – with scores of possible platforms to play out on.

  • And: EXPLODING of traditional horizontal integration of processes formerly under the control of one media house.

IT WAS: Info gathering – editing – packaging – dissemination – loyal audience.

disarticulated dispersed
Disarticulated & dispersed
  • Info gathering: DISTRIBUTED

UGC; “import” via embedded links

  • Editing: DISTRIBUTED

Global outsourcing, User editing

  • Packaging: DISTRIBUTED

Multi-purposed platforms, 3rd party aggregators

  • Distribution: DISTRIBUTED

RSS, others’ platforms, get users to circulate

  • Consumption: DISTRIBUTED

Links, Search engine based; Recommendation

dissolution of business model
Dissolution of BUSINESS MODEL!
  • As audiences shift, ad revenue doesn’t parallel.
  • “The crisis in journalism may not strictly be loss of audience. It may, more fundamentally, be the decoupling of news and advertising.”
  • News Web sites not growing in advertising revenue as quickly as other kinds of Internet destinations. And these figures do not include the most important revenue source, search, where news is a relatively small player.
slide12

Internetisation

  • Mediatisation
what s new now web 2 0
What’s new now: Web 2.0
  • From internet of documents to database
  • Value-add coming from user contributions, not just “old suspect” content producers.
  • About networks surfacing content, rather than isolated surfing and searching.
  • “if the news is important, it will find me”
slide17

Us

Us

Us

Us

Us

Us

pej assessment
PEJ assessment:
  • There is no single or finished news product anymore. As news consumption becomes continual, more new effort is put into producing incremental updates…
  • News is shifting from being a product — today’s newspaper, Web site or newscast — to becoming a service — how can you help me, even empower me?
slide19

Us &

Them

looking ahead news diamond
Looking ahead: News Diamond

SPEED

DEPTH

Context (hyperlinks, embedded content - widgets)

Analysis/reflection (article/package in various formats)

Interactivity (flash, chats, forums, wikis)

Customisation (rss, ratings, social networking)

  • Alert (mobile, email)
  • Draft (blog)
  • Article/package (print, audio, video forms)

Impact on jobs:

Multi-skilling

Interaction manager

Tag editor

eyeballs
Eyeballs
  • Content devalued by supply of online content including user-generated content, a bunch of which includes content created by people who don't care if they get paid for its creation.
  • Ease, ad supported content, free culture.
  • = Information is not a scarce commodity; we’re drowning in it. What is scarce is the human attention needed to make sense of it. We really live in an attention economy. (21st century PR.)
time in a web 2 0 world
Time in a Web 2.0 world
  • 1-5 Hours per Week = Participant
  • 5-10 Hours per Week = Content Provider
  • 10-20 Hours per Week = Community Director
mobile africa
Mobile Africa
  • Reuters last year: world wide mobile phone subscriptions reached 3.3-billion users or half the world’s population.
  • Compare this to television usage (about 1,5-billion users)
  • … or to desktop internet usage (about 1,1-billion users).
our future
Our future…
  • Hardware: Form factor hurdles overrated.
  • Software: Android = an open source, Linux-based operating system for mobile devices.
  • Habits: DVB-H & 2010 will drive conversion of cellphones from interpersonal comms to an interactive media device.
  • Mobile opens whole new market for location-based services.
  • Business model: mix: subs, ads, free, UGC.
want more
Want more?
  • 12th Highway Africa
  • 7 to 10 September
  • Citizen journalism or Journalism for Citizens?
  • Contact: C.Kabwato@ru.ac.za
slide27

No time for sleeping.

No time for digital dreams.

Time for digital action….