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CREATIVE THINKING. Between “Critical Thinking” and “Creative Thinking ”. Thinking out of the box. EXERCISE. GUNAKAN JALUR KANAN UNTUK MENDAHULUI. Penerbangan Gila!. OTAK KIRI DAN KANAN. FACTS. IDEAS. VERBAL. SPATIAL. STRUCTURED. OPEN-ENDED. SEQUENCE. RELATIONSHIPS. OUTLINE.

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creative thinking

CREATIVE THINKING

Between “Critical Thinking” and “Creative Thinking”

left brain right brain

FACTS

IDEAS

VERBAL

SPATIAL

STRUCTURED

OPEN-ENDED

SEQUENCE

RELATIONSHIPS

OUTLINE

INTUITIVE

LOGICAL

SUMMARY

Left Brain & Right Brain

Human Information Processing -- HIPS

slide15
The creative person uses information to form new ideas.
  • The real key to creative problem solving is what you do with the knowledge.
  • Creative problem solving requires an attitude that allows you to search for new ideas and use your knowledge and experience.
  • Change perspective and use knowledge to make the ordinary extraordinary and the usual commonplace.
definition
DEFINITION
  • Creative problem solving is -
slide17

DEFINITION

“Creative problem solving is - looking at the same thing as everyone else and thinking something different.”

Adapted from a famous quote from a former Nobel prize winner, Albert Szent-Gyorgi.

slide18

LET’S TALK ABOUT:

  • Why don’t we think creatively more often?
  • What are the barriers that get in our way?
guilford jp march 7 1897 november 26 1987
GUILFORD JP (March 7, 1897 – November 26, 1987
  • Membuat studi psikometrik tentang intelektualitas dan kreativitas
  • Ia menekankan pemikiran DIVERGEN:
  • fluency (the ability to produce great number of ideas or problem solutions in a short period of time);
  • flexibility (the ability to simultaneously propose a variety of approaches to a specific problem);
  • originality (the ability to produce new, original ideas);
  • elaboration (the ability to systematize and organize the details of an idea in a head and carry it out).
slide20

“ Untuk menghadapi dunia dewasa ini, kita lebih membutuhkan seorang yang kreatif daripada seorang pintar” (Guilford)

ciri orang kreatif
Ciri orang Kreatif
  • Rasa ingin tahu
  • Mengambil risiko.
  • Kompleksitas atau suka akan kesulitan.
  • Imajinasi: penggunaan semua indra untuk menghasilkan ide, gambaran, penyelesaian yang tidak biasa soluciones
sumber kreativitas
Sumber Kreativitas
  • Ketidaktahuan
  • Pengalaman
  • Motivasi
  • Penilaian yang tepat
  • Style (cara)
  • Kecelakaan, kesalahan, kegilaan.
  • Pembebasan
kreativitas membutuhkan
Kreativitas membutuhkan
  • Kelancaran menghasilkan ide
  • Originalitas: ide baru dan berbeda
  • Fleksibel: Bisa dikombinasi bila tidak berfungsi
  • Elaborasi: mengorganisir, mengelaborasi, dan memperkaya
slide28

CREATIVE PROBLEM SOLVING PROCESS

STEP 1. State what appears to be the problem.

The real problem may not surface until facts have been gathered and analyzed. Therefore, start with what you assume to be the problem, that can later be confirmed or corrected.

slide29

CREATIVE PROBLEM SOLVING PROCESS

  • STEP 2. Gather facts, feelings and opinions.
  • What happened?
  • Where, when and how did it occur?
  • What is it’s size, scope, and severity?
  • Who and what is affected?
  • Likely to happen again?
  • Need to be corrected?
  • May need to assign priorities to critical elements.
slide30

CREATIVE PROBLEM SOLVING PROCESS

STEP 3. Restate the problem.

The real facts help make this possible, and provide supporting data.

The actual problem may, or may not be the same as stated in Step 1.

slide31

CREATIVE PROBLEM SOLVING PROCESS

STEP 4. Identify alternative solutions.

Generate ideas. Do not eliminate any possible solutions until several have been discussed.

slide32

CREATIVE PROBLEM SOLVING PROCESS

  • STEP 5. Evaluate alternatives.
  • Which will provide the optimum solution?
  • What are the risks?
  • Are costs in keeping with the benefits?
  • Will the solution create new problems?
slide33

CREATIVE PROBLEM SOLVING PROCESS

  • STEP 6. Implement the decision!
  • Who must be involved?
  • To what extent?
  • How, when and where?
  • Who will the decision impact?
  • What might go wrong?
  • How will the results be reported and verified?
slide34

CREATIVE PROBLEM SOLVING PROCESS

  • STEP 7. Evaluate the results.
  • Test the solution against the desired results.
  • Make revisions if necessary.
10 questions to encourage ideas
10 Questions To Encourage Ideas
  • What if…?
  • How can we improve…?
  • How will the Optimist Member and/or the community benefit?
  • Are we forgetting anything?
  • What’s the next step?
10 questions to encourage ideas1
10 Questions To Encourage Ideas
  • What can we do better…?
  • What do you think about…?
  • What should we add?
  • What should we eliminate?
  • What other ideas do you have...?
barriers that get in our way
BARRIERS THAT GET IN OUR WAY
  • Time
  • Why change?
  • Usually don’t need to be creative
  • Habit
  • Routine
  • Haven’t been taught to be creative

What are some other barriers that get in our way?