Chapter 11 Powerpoint. Section 1—The French Revolution. 1789: year of revolution (America and France) French society was divided into the Three Estates: 1 st Estate=clergy. 2 nd Estate=nobility. 3 rd Estate=commoners. All taxation occurred at the 3 rd Estate.
*The most important code was the Civil or Napoleonic Code. It said all citizens were equal, all could choose their profession, all had religious toleration, and it abolished serfdom and feudalism.
*the code further restricted women by limiting many of their rights.
* All promotions in the government were based on ability…nothing else. The new aristocracy was based on merit in the state service….military officers were held in high regard.