The emperor’s new paradigm. The rise and fall and rise and fall of evolutionary perspectives in psychology. On evolution. A chicken is just an egg's way of making more eggs. Charles Darwin. Premise 1: Struggle for survival Premise 2: Variability Premise 3: Heritability Premise 4: Fitness
The rise and fall and rise and fall of evolutionary perspectives in psychology
A chicken is just an egg's way of making more eggs.
What is this „roughly” supposed to mean exactly?
The problem of innateness – is it presence at birth?
Are domain-general learning mechanisms good enough to deal with the information load?
+Consider the visual system
Are cultures all that different?
How much universality lies under the cultural differeces of human societies?
~ engine or gasoline?
~ the ingredients of bread
Belief in supernatural/religion – magic (wicca)
Beliefs about death, disease, fortune & misfortune
Binary cognitive distinctions – antonyms
Childhood fear of strangers/loud noises
Cooperation & competition
Myths & narratives
Meals & meal times
Recognition of individuals by face
Rites of passage & rituals
Oedipus complex – defense mechanisms
self-imageThe Universal PeopleThe total list comprises about 150 items
Not in Our Genes
Detrimental mental traits - criminality
Physical diseases (tubercolosis)
Dissemination of information and free choice
National Longitudinal Survey of Labor Market Experience of Youth
Haynes in Los Angeles
Society organized for well-being
Regulate and streaamline
Gosney and Popenoe
Sterilization for Human Betterment
1935 HOGUE’s bill – to extend sterilization did not pass
Competent decision boards:
Directors, wardens and superintendents
Drop in 1952
1953 – many categories dropped – idiots, fools, sexual perversion - declineSterilizations per annum 1909-1936
Stephen J. Gould and Richard Lewontin
"The Spandrels of San Marco and the Panglossian Paradigm: A Critique of the Adaptationist Programme" (1979)
More likely to be inherent in the Bauplan – constraint on adaptive evolution
Causes of historical origin must always be separated from current utilities; their conflation has seriously hampered the evolutionary analysis of form in the history of life.
Blind adaptationism does not differentiate between original function and current potentialities
Physical constraints – like spandrels – do not need an evolutionary explanationPhysical constraints