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Carcass Disposal. Off-Site Locations (Rendering and Landfills) and Transportation Biosecurity. Off-Site Carcass Disposal. Rendering Facility or Landfills Use depends on Animal species Quantity of carcasses Pathogen of concern Persistence Ability to spread Regulations

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Carcass Disposal


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    Presentation Transcript
    1. Carcass Disposal Off-Site Locations (Rendering and Landfills) and Transportation Biosecurity

    2. Off-Site Carcass Disposal • Rendering Facility or Landfills • Use depends on • Animal species • Quantity of carcasses • Pathogen of concern • Persistence • Ability to spread • Regulations • Local, state, federal Off-Site Carcass Disposal

    3. Rendering Off-Site Carcass Disposal

    4. Rendering • Heat conversion of animal carcasses into useable products • Meat and bone meal(protein-based solids) • Melted fat (tallow) • Water • 200 rendering plantsthroughout US and Canada Off-Site Carcass Disposal

    5. Rendering Process • Continuous rendering system • One vessel used for entire process • Processes are simultaneous • Little to no manual operation • Moisture converted to steam • Temperature between 240-275°F • Destroys harmful pathogens Off-Site Carcass Disposal

    6. Rendering: Considerations • Disposal of final product • Landfill • Burial • Coordinate transport to facilities • Surge capacity • Biosecurity and wastewater procedures • Process closely regulated Off-Site Carcass Disposal

    7. Landfills Off-Site Carcass Disposal

    8. Landfills • Public and privately owned • EPA’s I-WASTE tool • Existing site • Liners • Leachate and gas collection systems • Minimal environmental risk • Carcass degradation may take longer Off-Site Carcass Disposal

    9. Landfill: Regulations • Highly regulated • Resources Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) • Title 40 Code of Federal Regulations Parts 239-299 Off-Site Carcass Disposal

    10. Landfills: Considerations • Immediately available • Minimal environmental risk • May have limited capacity • Owner acceptance and terms of use • Transportation • Biosecurity • Cost • Public opposition Off-Site Carcass Disposal

    11. Transportation Off-Site Carcass Disposal

    12. Carcass Transport: Planning • Training & guidelines • Supervisors, operators, drivers • Obtain transport vehicles • Determine travel route • Direct as possible • Supplies • Cleaning and disinfection • Personal protective equipment • Permits & official documents • Federal, state & local Off-Site Carcass Disposal

    13. Transport Containers • Liquid tight • Seal holes & cracks • Layers of duct tape & plastic • Lining material • Polyethylene plastic • Sufficient material on all sides • Absorbent material • Wood shavings Off-Site Carcass Disposal

    14. Loading the Containers • Fill container • One foot from top • Maximum weight limit • Spray with disinfectant • Wrap and seal load • Cover the container • Check for leaks • Clean and disinfect before leaving the site Off-Site Carcass Disposal

    15. Regulations • Environmental Protection Agency • Department of Transportation • DOT Hazardous Materials Program Definitions and General Procedures • 49 CFR Part 105 Off-Site Carcass Disposal

    16. Transport Process • Use designated routes • Avoid unplanned stops • Have drivers take breaks on long distance trips • Two-way communication at all times Off-Site Carcass Disposal

    17. Unloading • Unloading procedures specified by facility • Unload close to the disposal site • Check for leaks and cover integrity • Clean and disinfect after unloading • Interior, exterior, undercarriage • Tools and equipment • Dispose of PPE Off-Site Carcass Disposal

    18. Resources for Off-Site Disposal and Transport • USDA Foreign Animal Disease Preparedness (FAD PReP) Guidelines: Disposal • http://www.aphis.usda.gov/animal_health/emergency_management/nahems_guidelines.shtml • Carcass Disposal: A Comprehensive Review. USDA and Kansas State University • http://fss.kstate.edu/FeaturedContent/CarcassDisposal/CarcassDisposal.htm Off-Site Carcass Disposal

    19. Acknowledgments Development of this presentation was by the Center for Food Security and Public Health at Iowa State University through funding from the Multi-State Partnership for Security in Agriculture Authors: Melissa Lang; Glenda Dvorak, DVM, MPH, DACVPM