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The Reign of Terror

The Reign of Terror

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The Reign of Terror

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  1. The Reign of Terror Dylan Bortz/partner three

  2. Who invented the Guillotine? • The Guillotine was invented by a French physician. • Named Joseph- IgnanceGuillotin • Born in Saintes in 1738 • was elected to the national assembly • Instrumental in passing the law that required all death sentences to be carried out by means of a machine

  3. Relevance to the French Revolution? • Member of the national assembly • Sought both humane and equal deaths

  4. What forms of torture did the Guillotine replace? • Death by the Gibbet. Gibbeting was a form of death where you jumped to your own death. • Quartering, cutting up the human body into quarters • Hangings • Burning at the stake

  5. How is the Guillotine used? • the Guillotine was used to rend ones neck from their body for a quick and painless death • “Similar machines had already been used in England and Scottland” (Nardo) • http://www.history.com/topics/french-revolution/videos#guillotine

  6. Who was killed? • 15% were of the first or second class • 15% of them were merchants • 70% of them were sans- culottes and peasants the largest amount

  7. What percentage? • 79% of the population was incarcerated The Bastille

  8. Which leaders became targets? • Louis XVI • Verginiaurd • Marie- Antoinette • Hebert • Georges Danton • Robespierre • Jean- Paul Marat

  9. Works Cited • Nardo, Don The Days of the French Revolution. Print. • Doyle, William The Oxford History of the French Revolution. Print. • Http://www.history.com/topics/french-revolution “Guillotine” and “Reign of Terror.” Web • Hanson, Paul R. Reign of Terror. Gale Group. Database. Web.