Gerunds- verbal nouns. Consider this sentence. Discere est utilis - to learn is fun or learning is fun The infinitive is functioning as a subject To put discere in any other case than the nominative a gerund is used . Formation.
or learning is fun
animadvertendi- of noticing
Appropinquandi- of approaching
Cernendi- of seeing
Clamandi- of shouting
Fingendi- of imagining
Impingendi- of pushing
infligendi- of striking
8. percutio, percutere-to strike through
percutiendi- of striking through
9. repello, repellere- to thrust back, push back
repellendi- of pushing back
10. rideo, ridere- to laugh, smile
ridendi- of laughing, smiling
11. veho, vehere- to drive, carry
vehendi- of driving, carrying
I made a plan of approaching i.e. to approach
After I went around for a long time, I finally found a place for descending.
Many friend had come to watch.
By watching I understood that I was in the sky with the stars.
Many people are fond of watching the sky.
nicolas was fond of searching into the cave
Sederibuscernendisilleintellexit se esse in caelo.
by seeing constellations he understood that he was in the sky.
Gerundive: Multi suntstudiosispectandicaeli.
Less awkward translations are “ok” if done correctly…but I would encourage you with passive periphrastics to stick with the literal translation
In my experience these are not as common…
Change the following sentences so that the duty expressed by debeo becomes obligation expressed by the passive periphrastic. Translate the sentences.
The friends ought to hold the rope well. The rope must be held well by the friends
The rope ought not to be broken The rope must not be broken
Funis non eratrumpendus.
Nicolaus ought to repell the monster. The monster ought to be repelled by Nicolaus
Then he had to imagine that planet. Then that planet had to be imagined by him
Nicolaus ought not to descend into the tree It must not be ascended by Nicolaus into the tree
Nicolao non eratascendum in arborem.
The trees ought to judge about Nicolaus. It must be judged about Nicolaus by the trees.
Arboribuserat de Nicolaoiudicandum