Throwback Thursday Unit 3 Industrialism, Reform, & Imperialism
In what way did railroads and advances in communication affect geographic patterns in the United States? • a. • They stalled the need for new inventions • c. • They changed the physical characteristics of a region • b. • They assisted in maintining cultural traditions in an area. • d. • They stalled migration
c. • They changed the physical characteristics of a region
What was the effect of the growth of monopolies? • a. • They increased competition among similar businesses. • c. • They spread equal welth among the entire population. • b. • They reduced the need for government intervention. • d. • They reduced the number of small businesses within an industry.
d. • They reduced the number of small businesses within an industry.
to eliminate big business trusts and monopolies • To create fair industrial competition
In 1862, Congress passed the Pacific Railway Act to allow for the construction of the transcontinental railroad. What was the impact of this legislation?
What effect did Thomas Edison’s work have on the 19th century? • a. • It expanded the growth of government • c. • It stalled westward movement into California • b. • It encouraged the growth of industry and cities • d. • It encouraged the growth of mining towns.
b. • It encouraged the growth of industry and cities
When the Erie Canal was opened in 1825, it ran for an amazing length of 363 miles. Boats could now travel along the canal from the Hudson River in the East to Lake Erie in the West. What effect did the opening of the Erie Canal have on American expansion? • a. • It restricted the growth of canals to the East Coast • c. • It restrained the growth of big business. • b. • It helped expand commerce to the country’s interior. • d. • It limited the ability of individuals to trade.
b. • It helped expand commerce to the country’s interior
Increased industrialization led to • a. • a reduction of child labor • c. • improvements in factory work environments • b. • the elimination of the working class • d. • an increase in the number of people working in manufacturing.
d. • an increase in the number of people working in manufacturing.
As part of the garment industry, adults and children worked making clothes in small, crowded rooms called sweatshops. Their hours were long. Their pay was little. Often the rooms were dark. What advantage were sweatshops to the textile industry? • a. • They eliminated textile factories. • c. • They employed only women and children. • b. • They kept the cost of production low. • d. • They helped families create their own small businesses.
b. • They kept the cost of production low.
Labor unions formed as a way to help workers • a. • find better jobs • c. • improve their working conditions • b. • learn more skilled trades • d. • increase the hours children could work.
c. • improve their working conditions
What effect did the discovery of gold in the Black Hills have on the Sioux? • a. • an improved economy • c. • less government intervention • b. • loss of native lands • d. • expansion of the reservation system
b. • loss of native lands
In 1906, Congress passed the Meat Inspection Act and the Pure Food and Drug Act. Both laws were in response to industry pracitces exposed by…….?
While there were only a hundred public schools in 1860, by 1914 the number of public schools had risen to 12,000. Progressive education included teaching good citizenship and character. Which is teh BEST reason for civic edcation to be part of a progressive curriculum? • a. • Civic education lowers educational costs. • c. • An informed citizen is less likely to participate in government. • b. • Good citizenship is essential to good government • d. • Civic education gives a greater understanding of the Pendleton Act.
b. • Good citizenship is essential to good government
The People’s Party was formed by the • a. • Populists • c. • labor unions • b. • Progressives • d. • muckrakers
a. • Populists
The 17th Amendment calls for the election of United States senators by • a. • the people • c. • only other senators • b. • state legislators • d. • registered progressives
a. • the people
Which quote applies to this political cartoon of President Theodore Roosevelt, and his brand of foreign diplomacy? • a. • “Keeping the world safe for democracy.” • c. • “A house divided against itself cannot stand.” • b. • “Ask not what your country can do for you. Ask wha you can do for your country.” • d. • “Speak softly and carry a big stick.”
d. • “Speak softly and carry a big stick.”
The Spanish-American War was fought to • a. • allow Cuba to become part of the US • c. • assist Spain in establishing control of the Cuban government • b. • free Cuba from Spanish rule • d. • remove United States military presence in Cuba
b. • free Cuba from Spanish rule
Late 19th century and early 20th century American imperialism can be explained as • a. • a desire to profit both politically and economically from involvement in foreign countries • c. • having little interest in expanding Americn economic and political influence • b. • working to maintain a balance of political power within the Western Hemisphere. • d. • a lack of concern for expanding the military power of the U.S.
a. • a desire to profit both politically and economically from involvement in foreign countries
Roosevelt believed American military, economic, and political interests were served by • a. • limiting contact with Cuba • c. • building of the Panama Canal • b. • restricting foreign policy to trade with Europe • d. • encouraging French and Spanish influence in Latin America
c. • building of the Panama Canal
Who/what is being quoted in the following passage? • “In asserting the Monroe Doctrine, in taking such steps as we have taken in regard to Cuba, Venezuala, and Panama, and in endeavoring to circumscribe the theater of war in the Far East, and to secure the open door in China, we have acted in our own interest as well as in the interest of humanity at large....”