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Truman Doctrine. Objective: Analyze the role of Communism in America. The Cold War. Not only will the U.S. keep Communism in a container, but the U.S. will also help countries around the world resist Communism – This is known as the Truman Doctrine

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truman doctrine

Truman Doctrine

Objective: Analyze the role of Communism in America

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The Cold War

  • Not only will the U.S. keep Communism in a container, but the U.S. will also help countries around the world resist Communism – This is known as the Truman Doctrine
  • Truman arranged for $400 million to be sent to Turkey and Greece so that Communism would not spread

President Truman

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Truman Doctrine

The Truman Doctrine in March 1947 promised that the USA “would support free peoples who are resisting” communism.

This led to containment – policy of containing communism where it is.

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Truman Doctrine
  • Greece and Turkey were undergoing post-World War II political and economic upheaval
  • USSR wants to extend influence into these areas
    • Under policy of containment, USA cannot let this happen
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Truman Doctrine
  • Truman Doctrine
    • Pres. Truman asks Congress for $400 million in aid for Turkey & Greece in 1947
      • Hoping pumping money into their economies would prevent the turn to communism
      • By 1950, US gave over $660 million to Greece and Turkey
      • Truman doctrine represents further movement away from neutrality
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Containment

  • The U.S. decided the best way to confront the U.S.S.R. was to limit their influence
  • Containment became the official policy of the U.S. from 1946 to the present
  • Think of trying to keep Communism in a container
domino theory
Domino Theory

Communism spreads like a disease

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Marshall Plan

  • The Marshall Plan tried to prevent this
  • The Marshall Plan gave European countries more than 13 billion dollars over a four year period
  • Europe was able to feed her people, rebuild her cities, and avoid Communism
  • The U.S. got an enormous amount of business, a Democratic Europe, and status as a World Power
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The Soviet Union and Eastern European countries were invited to be helped with the Marshall Plan but they refused

  • Why?