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Marching Toward War. Chapter 13: The Great War Section 1. Learning Targets. I can identify the political and military forces at work in Europe in the late 1800’s. I can list the countries that made up the Triple Entente and Triple Alliance. I can summarize the events that set WWI in motion.

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marching toward war

Marching Toward War

Chapter 13: The Great War

Section 1

learning targets
Learning Targets
  • I can identify the political and military forces at work in Europe in the late 1800’s.
  • I can list the countries that made up the Triple Entente and Triple Alliance.
  • I can summarize the events that set WWI in motion.
some background
Some Background
  • Early 1900s
  • Militarism
    • Many European countries built up their militaries through help of Industrial Revolution
  • Alliances
    • Europeans created secret alliances to protect from neighbors that were stockpiling weapons
  • Nationalism
    • Many Europeans wanted to prove they were the best, even if that meant fighting
some background cont d
Some Background (cont’d)
  • Imperialism
    • Europeans would fight (compete) over taking new colonies
  • Assassination of Franz
    • When Austrian leader, Archduke Franz Ferdinand is assassinated, it sets things in motion towards war
  • WWI was all about the MANIA
rising tensions in europe
Rising Tensions in Europe
  • The 1900’s started out peacefully
  • Europeans were increasingly arguing over territories and superiority
    • Nationalism
  • They believed they had to have powerful militaries to protect their colonies and aggression from their neighbors
    • Imperialism
    • Militarism
tangled alliances
Tangled Alliances
  • These tensions created a need for special alliances in case war broke out
    • Germany feared France
      • Germany united with Austria-Hungary and Italy
      • Known as Triple Alliance
    • Germany insults Russia
      • Russia unites with France and Great Britain
      • Known as the Triple Entente
crisis in the balkans8
Crisis in the Balkans
  • Europeans competed for colonies
  • One place was in the Balkans
    • Home to many different ethnic groups
    • Did not like Europeans controlling them
    • Some liked Russia though
  • Austria-Hungary (European)
    • Young leader, Franz, visits one of these territories in the Balkans
    • A Serbian assassin kills him and his wife
    • Austria declares war on Serbia, starting the war!
europe plunges into war

Europe Plunges into War

Chapter 13: The Great War

Section 2

learning targets10
Learning Targets
  • I can describe the reaction to Austria’s declaration of war.
  • I can summarize military events on the Western Front.
  • I can explain the development of the war on the Eastern Front.
some background11
Some Background
  • By 1914, two major alliances had formed
    • Triple Entente
      • France, Great Britain, Russia (allied with Serbia)
    • Triple Alliance
      • Germany, Austria-Hungary, Italy
  • Once Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia…
    • Everyone honored their alliances, and war began
the great war begins
The Great War Begins
  • When Austria-Hungary declared war on Serbia
    • Serbia’s ally, Russia, mobilized its forces on Austria and Germany’s borders
  • Before France could honor its alliance with Russia, Germany declared war on France
    • Soon Great Britain would honor its alliance with France and Russia by declaring war on Germany
  • Many believed the war would be quick
    • They were terribly wrong…
a bloody stalemate
A Bloody Stalemate
  • The Western Front
    • Deadlocked region of Northern France
    • Germans had hoped to defeat the French and British quickly here, and focus on the Russians
      • This failed
    • Trench Warfare developed
      • Thousands died, and no one really advanced
the battle on the eastern front
The Battle on the Eastern Front
  • Border of Russia, Austria-Hungary and Germany
    • Russians and Serbs fought Austrians and Germans
    • A more mobile war
    • Russia invaded Germany and Austria
      • Soon would be pushed back
    • Russia tied up Germany on Eastern Front
      • But Russia couldn’t stay in the fight very long