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The report of Task-Based Learning. 兒二甲 109614014 劉芊妤 兒二甲 109614016 林信鏵 兒二甲 109614033 徐雅玲 國三甲 9501024 陳佳瑜 國三甲 9501022 楊丞瞱. Introduction of TBL. 兒二甲 109614016 林信鏵. What is the TBL?. Use “ Task ” as the basic teaching strategy Derived from Communicative Language Teaching

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the report of task based learning

The report of Task-Based Learning

兒二甲109614014 劉芊妤

兒二甲109614016 林信鏵

兒二甲109614033 徐雅玲

國三甲9501024 陳佳瑜

國三甲9501022 楊丞瞱

introduction of tbl

Introduction of TBL

兒二甲 109614016 林信鏵

what is the tbl
What is the TBL?
  • Use “Task” as the basic teaching strategy
  • Derived from Communicative Language Teaching
  • Complete various kinds of interactive tasks.
  • Students can meet, learn and use the target language.
  • Variety and a sense of security.
teacher role of tbl
Teacher role of TBL
  • Teacher plays as “Facilitator”, namely promoter.
  • Set up tasks, make students understand, get on with them, and end tasks
  • Teacher emphasizes on fluency and outcome, not accuracy.
  • After the task, the teacher is “language guide.”
origin of tbl
Origin of TBL
  • On 1970s, CLT is a popular way of teaching.
  • Realistic and interactive activities can do CLT well.
  • Those activities were called “tasks.”
  • This term became a conception of new teaching strategy.
  • On 1980s, TBL was formed and became widespread.
  • On 1996, Jane Wiillis wrote a book “A framework for Task-Based Learning”.
  • For now, student is still affected by TBL.
principles of tbl
Principles of TBL
  • Emphasize on learning progress, not learning result
  • Interactive, meaningful, purposeful activities or tasks
  • No series of language item
  • Learn language through interactive activities.
  • It can facilitate learning progress
  • It can be use in learner’s daily life
principles of tbl1
Principles of TBL
  • Student has a chance to input and output the language
  • TBL schemes should be ordered in terms of to their difficulty
  • The difficulty is depended on student’s background knowledge and task’s complexity.
  • It must arouse one’s learning motivation.
teaching strategies

Teaching Strategies

兒二甲109614014 劉芊妤

three sections of tbl
Three Sections of TBL
  • Pre-task
  • Task cycle
  • Language focus
pre task
Pre-task
  • Introduce the topic and task to students
  • Involve brainstorming, introduction of useful words and phrases
  • Present a model of the task

Pre-task→Task Cycle→Language Focus

task cycle
Task Cycle
  • Task
  • Planning
  • Report
  • Optional post-task listening

Pre-task→Task Cycle→Language Focus

slide12
Task
  • Students do the task
  • The teacher monitors from a distance, encouraging students to communicate in target language
  • Mistakes do not matter
  • Listing, ordering and sorting, comparing, problem solving, sharing personal experience and creative tasks
planning
Planning
  • Students prepare to report to the whole class
  • The teacher helps them correct errors
language focus
Language Focus
  • Analysis

→focus on language forms

  • Practice

→practice new words, phrases

and patterns

Pre-task→Task Cycle→Language Focus

lesson plan

Lesson plan

國三甲9501022 楊丞瞱

environment material

Environment & Material

國三甲 9501024 陳佳瑜

strategy of task based learning

Strategy of task-based Learning

Deep-end strategy

•Pre-task

to introduce the topic and the task

• Task cycle

students try to achieve their objectives

• Language focus

teacher givessome feedbacks that motivates students to strive for accuracy

comment

Comment

兒二甲109614033 徐雅玲

advantages
Advantages
  • A task-based lesson offers more opportunities for the students.
  • The teacher can also be more open to the needs of the students.
  • The task usually requires the selection of some objects as an outcome.
  • During the task, students are allowed to use whatever language they want.
disadvantages
Disadvantages
  • TBL firmly based on the findings of current theory and research, can not be continuous.
  • TBL offers a different rationale for the use of tasks as well as different criteria for the design and use of tasks.
  • It is significantly less effective for the systematic teaching of new language.
slide22
TBL holds some dangers if implemented carelessly.
  • Learners put great emphasis on communicating meanings, but not necessarily worry about the exact form that they use.
conclusion

Conclusion

兒二甲 109614033 徐雅玲

slide24
Learner engagement is the basic condition of education.
  • Task-based Teaching has remained a potentially fertile approach for many ESL/EFL teachers.
  • Task-based model is an attractive and liberating one.
slide25
Task-based Teaching is classified within the conversational and/or natural approach.
  • The TBL adds useful elements and contributes to the communicative language teaching with valuable procedures.