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  1. Skills jobseekers need in the modern labour market Paul Bivand Associate Director of Analysis & Statistics Inclusion

  2. What is the shape of the labour market as recession ebbs? • Analysed recruitment patterns in Scotland using Labour Force Survey • Since 2011, 707,000 people starting new jobs in Scotland • 314,000 a year – on average

  3. The pattern by occupation

  4. The pattern by skill level

  5. Patterns of recruitment • The largest occupation groups for recruitment are (high turnover) • : • Elementary jobs • Sales and customer service • But, employers are recruiting at above entry level • 64,000 recruits for elementary jobs a year • Only 30,000 people below Level 2 starting work (a year)

  6. Employment rates by qualification

  7. Qualifications of employed and workless

  8. Vacancy trends • ONS vacancy survey doesn’t give Scotland figures • Jobcentre vacancy figures ended November 2012 • Universal Jobmatch figures started straight after

  9. Jobcentre vacancies to November 2012

  10. Universal Jobmatch vacancies

  11. JCP new vacancies – ratio to new JSA claims (to Nov 2012)

  12. Same measure for occupations

  13. And for local authorities

  14. Longer term changes • We’ve looked at changes in both the numbers employed and in the pay levels • Reflecting employer responses to their labour market • 5 years up to classification change in 2011 • Occupations coloured by skill level of recruits

  15. Next steps • Not simply a story of employment growth only for highly skilled • But occupation match to skill level confused by: • Students working in elementary and sales • Part-time jobs at similar levels • Part-timers often working below their own skill level • East and North doing better than West