Global Warming. Josh Craven, Kenny Hiegel, Kevin Kane, Emily Kloos . What is Global Warming?. Rising temperatures cause the earth to heat up Greenhouse gases trap light and heat from the sun in the earth’s atmosphere increasing the temperature of the earth. Causes of Global Warming.
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Global Warming Josh Craven, Kenny Hiegel, Kevin Kane, Emily Kloos
What is Global Warming? • Rising temperatures cause the earth to heat up • Greenhouse gases trap light and heat from the sun in the earth’s atmosphere increasing the temperature of the earth
Causes of Global Warming • Emissions of greenhouse gases • CO2- responsible for most of the warming • Methane • Nitrous oxide
Causes of Global Warming • Burning of fossil fuels • Cars • Factories • Electricity production • Some other causes • Turning on a light • Using a microwave • Watch television
Effects of Global Warming • Rise in Earth’s temperature • Glaciers melting • Rise in sea level • More violent storms and floods
U.S. Policy on Global Warming • Clean Air Act of 1963 • Clean Air Act of 1970 • Clean Air Act Amendments 1990
E.P.A. Programs • The Clean Energy-Environment State Partnership Program • Climate Leaders
2007 Climate Stewardship and Innovation Act • Cap and trade system for greenhouse gases • 2004 levels by 2012 • 1990 levels by 2020 • 60% below 1990 levels by 2050
Government Actors • Federal Government • The States • U.S. Environmental Protection Agency (EPA)
Federal Role • Ensures that the federally established air quality standards are able to protect public health on their own • Recognize the state-based activities, support their further development, and not prevent their effectiveness • to research and advertise new energy technology cleaner vehicles, cleaner fuels and power generation options including coal gasification and nuclear generation
State Role • Responsible for implementing national clean air policies Responsible for implementing national clean air policies • Not to be excluded from setting standards that are greater than the federal minimum standards • Can act in the absence of federal standards, if necessary • Responsible for implementing the policies concerning climate change
EPA • Role is within the executive branch • Ensures financial assistance and leadership in the Clean Air Act • New legislation must keep state authorities and protections under current act
Non-Governmental Actors • Foundation for Research on Economics & the environment (FREE) • Explores innovative solutions to environmental problems • No solution is without trade-offs • Cap & Trade does not offer enough incentive to cut total pollution • U.S. should employ a carbon tax • Alliance for Climate Protection • Founded by Al Gore • Educates the world through multiple campaigns • Campaigns include Repower America, The Climate Project, Repower at Home, Inconvenient Youth, the WE Campaign, and the Reality Campaign • Policy ideas are aimed at the federal level to create a single set of national regulations • Solutions include making America more efficient, investing in renewable energy, and more restrictions on gas emissions
Greenpeace • International Group similar to the Alliance • Support quitting coal and searching for renewable energies • Solutions include shutting down coal plants, creating new policies, and outing lobbyists that fight against these policies • Union of Concerned Scientists (UCS) • Solutions include reducing global warming emissions, better policies, and more sustainable energy • Has affected federal, regional, and international policy. • Worked with members of Congress to help U.S. reduce its carbon footprint • Helped with the American Clean Energy and Security Act of 2009 and the Clean Energy Jobs & American Power Act
Center for Environmental and Regulatory Affairs (CERA) • Advocates private, free market solutions to today’s environmental challenges • Has worked with grassroots organizations, Congress members, and a Senate committee dealing with the environment. • United Nations Environment Programme (UNEP) & the Intergovernmental Panel on Climate Change (IPCC) • UNEP and IPCC are partner organizations • UNEP founded IPCC to gain scientific knowledge • All of the IPCC’s conclusions are policy relevant
Current Policies Effective? • Cap and Trade • Clean Air Act • EPA • 2007 Climate Stewardship and Innovation Act
Current Policies Effective? • World Population impact • 7 billion up from 1 billion in 1804 • How to enforce effectively?
Alternatives • Better Cap and Trade with benefits. • More taxes?
Recommendations • Increase Government activity and involvement. • Increased State activity and involvement. • Make better use of Cap and Trade.
Should it be adopted? • Do you want to believe we can have a positive impact on the world and its climate for the future. • Save the polar bears or else mother nature might!