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Identification of needs in a high risk population. By Hamda Qotba , B.Med.Sc, M.D, ABCM. What is need?. Capacity to benefit from intervention The ability to benefit from health care (DoH). Health.

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identification of needs in a high risk population

Identification of needs in a high risk population

By

Hamda Qotba, B.Med.Sc, M.D, ABCM

what is need
What is need?
  • Capacity to benefit from intervention
  • The ability to benefit from health care (DoH)

Dr.Hamda Qotba

health
Health
  • Is a state of complete physical, mental, and social well-being and not merely absences of disease or infirmity (WHO)

Dr.Hamda Qotba

health needs assessment hna
Health Needs Assessment (HNA)
  • Process of exploring the relationship between the health in a community and the resources available to address those problems in order to achieve a desired outcome

It’s Process not task

Of no benefit by it self it’s a tool

helps to achieve other objectives

Dr.Hamda Qotba

slide5
Systematic method of identifying unmet health and health care needs of a population and making changes to meet these unmet needs
  • Applications:
      • Service planning and resources allocation
      • Program planning, management and development
      • Program evaluation
      • It helps in socio-political changes

Dr.Hamda Qotba

different aspects of needs
Different aspects of needs
  • Felt needs: what people consider and say they need (what people feel)
  • Expressed needs: needs expressed by action (visiting doctor, demand)
  • Normative needs: what health professional define as need based on provision of service

Dr.Hamda Qotba

approach to needs assessment
Approach to needs assessment
  • Epidemiological approach
  • Comparative approach
  • Corporate approach

Dr.Hamda Qotba

10 steps of health need assessment

profile your population

10 steps of health need assessment

measure the extend of the problem

(prevelence, incindence )

calculate the expected number of cases

collect and analyze routin data on service utilization

calculate unmet needs or excessive service provision

segment your population into diffrent strata

review curent evidence on the effectivness of intervention

measure your population perceptions and expectations

seek the opinions of professional about the size of the problem, best practice and delivery plan

project type and size of the action programs and services need to deal with the identified problem

Dr.Hamda Qotba

chd in qatar
CHD in Qatar
  • Total population in Qatar In 1999 was 173,000 while the age group >15years accounts for 101,000 (53%), CHD prevalence among >15 years was (13%), those who access the services were according to hospital records were 8909(68%)

Dr.Hamda Qotba

the risk factors of chd nfs
The risk factors of CHD (NFS)
  • Smoking
  • Physically inactive lifestyles
  • Poor diets
  • Excess salt intake
  • Obesity
  • Alcohol
  • Diabetes

Dr.Hamda Qotba