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4 0 1 . 0 1. Aerodromes and Traffic Procedures. Runway Numbering. A runway number is taken from a bearing of the direction that it points. Numbers are rounded off to the nearest 10°. The numbers are marked at the end of every runway in large white numbers. Example

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Aerodromes and Traffic Procedures

runway numbering
Runway Numbering
  • A runway number is taken from a bearing of the direction that it points. Numbers are rounded off to the nearest 10°. The numbers are marked at the end of every runway in large white numbers.
    • Example
      • A runway pointing to 18° magnetic would be numbered 02.
runway markings

25

Runway Markings
  • Centreline:
    • white lines in the middle of the runway to mark the centre.
  • Threshold:
    • white line running across the runway.
  • Displaced Threshold:
    • sometimes the threshold is unsafe for landing so it is moved up to a safe area.
taxiway markings

25

Taxiway Markings
  • Taxiway Centerline:
    • yellow line used as a guide to keep the aircraft in the center of the taxiway.
  • Hold Lines:
    • yellow line running across the taxiway. Aircraft must “hold short” at this point until cleared for take-off.
aerodrome markings

25

XX

Aerodrome Markings:
  • Unserviceable:
    • marked with large white or yellow X’s on both ends of a runway or taxiway. Red flags are also used to mark unserviceable areas that can be passable with caution.
wind indicators
Wind Indicators
  • Wind Sock:
      • elongates as the wind increases
      • if the wind sock is straight out then the wind is 15Kts or more
      • if the wing sock is on a 30° down slope then the wind is 6Kts
      • if the sock is fluctuating then gusty conditions exist.
wind indicators1
Wind Indicators
  • Tetrahedron:
      • known as wind T, it is designed like an arrow whose small end points into the wind.
      • only tells wind direction, not wind speed.
lights

          

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        

   

   

Lights
  • Runway thresholds are marked with green lights.
  • End of runways are marked with red lights.
  • Runways are lined with white lights.
  • Taxiways are lined with blue lights.
  • Obstructions, such as building and towers, are marked with red or white lights.
slide9

Confirmation Stage

NOTE: You must use the buttons in the Confirmation Stage

slide10

Aeronautical Rules And Facilities

Aerodromes and Traffic Procedures

Let's try a few review questions on Aeronautical Rules and Facilities:

Question #1 - How are unserviceable areas marked?

A

White line

B

White X

C

Yellow circle with X in centre

D

Yellow circle

slide11

Flying Scholarship Program

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Flying Scholarship Program

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Flying Scholarship Program

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Flying Scholarship Program

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slide15

Aeronautical Rules And Facilities

Aerodromes and Traffic Procedures

Let's try a few review questions on Aeronautical Rules and Facilities:

Question #2 - What colour lights line taxiways ?

A

Green

B

Amber

C

Blue

D

White

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Flying Scholarship Program

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the circuit
The Circuit
  • Upwind:
      • the area opposite to downwind leg
  • Crosswind:
      • lies across the centre of the landing area perpendicular to the downwind leg
  • Downwind:
      • flight path opposite to the direction of landing, which is parallel to and a distance off to the side of the runway
  • Base
      • flight path perpendicular to the landing
  • Final
      • flight path in the direction of landing
slide21

Upwind Side

Final

Crosswind

Base

Downwind

nordo at a controlled airport
NORDO at a Controlled Airport
  • NORDO
      • no radio
      • aircraft is not capable of communicating over the radio
  • RONLY
      • receive only
      • similar to NORDO except the aircraft can receive messages. Tower may ask for confirmation through a visual sign (i.e. rock the wings)
the following are authorized light signals to aircraft on the ground
The following are authorized light signals to aircraft on the ground:

Flashing Green Light Cleared to taxi.

Steady Green Light Cleared to take-off.

Flashing Red Light Taxi clear of landing area in use.

Steady Red Light Stop.

Flashing White Light Return to starting point on airport.

Blinking Runway Lights Vacate the runway immediately.

the following are authorized light signals to aircraft in the air
The following are authorized light signals to aircraft in the air:

Steady Green Light Cleared to land.

Steady Red Light Do not land. or Red Flare

Flashing Green Light Return for landing.

Alternating Red and Danger. Be on alert. Green Light (US)

Flashing Red Light Airport unsafe. Do not land.

Red Pyrotechnical Light Do not land for the time being.

airworthiness
Airworthiness
  • It is the pilot’s responsibility to ensure that Canadian registered aircraft are fit and safe prior to being flown.
  • Flight Permit
    • issued for experimental and specific purpose.
  • Certification of Airworthiness
    • the C of A signifies that the aircraft conforms to TC recognized design standards.
  • Annual Airworthiness Info Report
    • certifies that airworthiness information is correct. Does not require an inspection, flight test, or certification.
documentation
Documentation

The following are required to be aboard all aircraft:

  • C - Crew Licenses and Medicals
        • Pilot License
        • Medical Certificate
        • Restricted Radio Operator's Certificate (unless NORDO)
  • P - POH (Pilot Operating Handbook)
  • R - Certificate of Registration (C of R)
  • A - Certificate of Airworthiness (C of A)
  • I - Liability Insurance
  • L - Journey Log
slide27

CONFIRMATION

STAGE

NOTE: You must use the buttons in the Confirmation Stage

slide28

Aeronautical Rules And Facilities

Aerodromes and Traffic Procedures

Let's try a few review questions on Aeronautical Rules and Facilities:

Question #3 - What does a steady green light on the ground mean?

A

Cleared to take-off

B

Cleared to taxi

C

Return to starting point

D

Cleared to land

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Flying Scholarship Program

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Flying Scholarship Program

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Flying Scholarship Program

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Flying Scholarship Program

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slide33

Aeronautical Rules And Facilities

Aerodromes and Traffic Procedures

Let's try a few review questions on Aeronautical Rules and Facilities:

Question #4 - What documentation must be carried in all aircraft?

A

C of A, C of R, Pilot Licences, Radio Station License and Journey Log

B

C of A, Pilot Licenses and Medicals, and CofR

C

C of R, C of A, Radio License, and Technical Log

C of R, Interception Orders, C of A, and AAIR

D

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Flying Scholarship Program

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Flying Scholarship Program

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Flying Scholarship Program

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slide37

Flying Scholarship Program

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slide38

Aeronautical Rules And Facilities

Aerodromes and Traffic Procedures

Congratulations!!

You have now completed the Aerodromes and Traffic Procedures lesson of the Aeronautical Rules and Facilities Module. Of course, this lesson is always available to you for future reference if required.

You are now ready to move along to the next Aeronautical Rules and Facilities lesson you have not completed or to any other module you wish. You can advance to the Self Test Module if you feel ready to challenge the final exam.

Good Luck!