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Classical Greece. Identify the ways geography & climate shaped Greek life. Explain the rise & development of the Mycenaean civilization. Describe how Homer & Greek myths contributed to early Greek culture. Temple of Athena. The Parthenon. Ancient Greece. Ancient Greece.

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classical greece
Classical Greece
  • Identify the ways geography & climate shaped Greek life.
  • Explain the rise & development of the Mycenaean civilization.
  • Describe how Homer & Greek myths contributed to early Greek culture.
geography shapes greek life
Geography Shapes Greek Life
  • Mountainous peninsula with 2,000 islands
  • Most Greeks lived near the coastline
  • Seaways linked most parts of Greece
  • Sea travel will lead to large amounts of trade (no natural resources)
  • ¾ of Greece covered by mountains
  • Mountains significantly influenced Greek politics
  • Greeks developed small independent communities
mycenaean civilization
Mycenaean Civilization
  • Mycenae was located in southern Greece
  • Protected by ridge and a wall that was 20 ft thick
  • Traded with Syria, Egypt, Italy, & Crete
  • The Minoans influenced their language, religious practices, literature, & politics
  • Fought a 10 year war against Troy
  • Trojan War
greek culture declines
Greek Culture Declines
  • Mycenaean’s were destroyed by the Dorians
  • Dorians were less advanced
  • Nothing was written during this 400 year period (Dorian Age)
  • Homer: spread Greek history through the spoken word (Iliad & Odyssey)
  • Myths helped Greeks understand the mysteries of life
  • Controlled love, hate, fear, & jealousy
warring city states
Warring City-States

I. Identify the different political systems that developed in the Greek city-states.

  • Describe the government of Athens.
  • Summarize the battles & results of the Persian Wars.
greek political structures
Greek Political Structures
  • Polis: basic political unit in ancient Greece
  • Monarchy: ruled by single person (king)
  • Aristocracy: ruled by small group of rich families
  • Oligarchy: government ruled by a few powerful people
  • Tyrants: took control by appealing to the common people for support
  • Set up building programs, provided jobs, housing
athens builds a limited democracy
Athens Builds a Limited Democracy
  • Democracy: rule by the people
  • Draco: all Athenians were equal under the law
  • Enforced most laws with death penalty
  • Debt Slavery: put into slavery to repay debts
  • 594 BC Solon outlaws slavery
  • Divided Athens into four social classes
  • Only the first three could hold office
athenian education
Athenian Education
  • Only wealthy families received formal educations
  • Studied reading, grammar, poetry, history, math, music, logic & public speaking
  • Boys went to military schools
  • Girls did not attend schools
  • Taught at home: child rearing, weaving, preparing meals
sparta builds a military state
Sparta Builds A Military State
  • Took over Messenia, forced people to stay on the land & work (Helots)
  • Dedicated themselves to building a strong military state
  • Government had several branches: assembly, elected officials, council of elders
  • Men served in the army until they were 60
  • Enlisted in army by age 7
  • Harsh training produced tough soldiers
the persian wars
The Persian Wars
  • Sparta & Athens united against Persian Empire
  • 490 BC a Persian fleet landed at Marathon
  • 10,000 Greeks vs. 25,000 Persians
  • Greeks were arranged in Phalanxes
  • Defeated the Persians (6,000 Persians killed, less than 200 Greeks killed)
  • Pheidippides was chosen to race back to Athens to warn the city (died after giving message)
thermopylae salamis
Thermopylae & Salamis
  • 480 BC, Persian King Xerxes attempted to destroy Athens
  • Spartans valiant sacrifice saved Athens
  • All were killed at Thermopylae
  • Xerxes marched into Athens & burned it down (Athens evacuated)
  • Persian navy was trapped in the Salimis channel
  • Greek navy used battering rams to defeat the Persians
consequences of the persian wars
Consequences of the Persian Wars
  • Greeks were able to practice democracy
  • Athens became the leader of Greece, economically, socially, & philosophically
  • With no threat of war Athens was able to concentrate on creativity (thinking)
democracy greece s golden age
Democracy & Greece’s Golden Age
  • Who was Pericles & what were his goals?
  • Describe Greek architecture, art, dramatists, historians, & philosophers.
  • Explain the major conflicts of the Peloponnesian War.
pericles plan for athens
Pericles’ Plan for Athens
  • Governed for 32 years
  • Strengthened Athenian Democracy by paying public officials
  • Anyone who is elected could hold public office (direct democracy)
  • Took $ from Delian league to strengthen the Athenian Navy & to beautify Athens
greek culture
Greek Culture
  • Architecture/Sculptures were in classical style (graceful, perfect, balance, serenity)
  • Tragedy: serious drama (love, hate, war, or betrayal) Tragic Hero (pride)
  • Famous playwrights: Aeschylus (Orestia), Sophocles (Oedipus), & Euripides (Medea)
  • Comedy: made fun of politics, war, etc.
  • Herodotus: book on Persian War considered to be first history book
  • Greeks believed they could learn from the past
the peloponnesian war
The Peloponnesian War
  • War between Sparta & Athens
  • Athens had the stronger navy
  • Sparta had the stronger army
  • Sparta invaded Athens territory burning food supply (grain fields)
  • Pericles called for all citizens to move to the city (Athens was well protected)
  • Plague struck the second year that killed 1/3 of Athenian population
  • 421 BC both groups sign truce
philosophers search for truth
Philosophers Search for Truth
  • Socrates: wanted people to question themselves & their character
  • People hold contradictory opinions
  • Plato: student of Socrates
  • Wrote “The Republic”, perfectly formed govt.
  • Aristotle: argued according to the rules of logic (scientific method)
  • Teacher of Alexander