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Progressive Era Vocabulary Preview
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  1. Progressive Era Vocabulary Preview Industrialization Rural to urban migration Massive immigration

  2. Gilded Age = name applied to post Civil War era to describe the greed and poverty that lurked beneath the surface of society

  3. Progressive movement = middle class reformers who wanted to improve society

  4. Can you think of any Progressives today? • Villaraigosa – Progressive mayor • Labor union – SEIU

  5. Conservation = the idea that some wilderness should be preserved, while some should be developed for the common good

  6. Muckrakers = journalists who wrote and took photographs about poverty and the corrupt side of business Upton Sinclair Jacob Riis

  7. More muckrakers Lewis Hine taking a photograph of children. Notice that the photographs not spontaneous, but staged. Lewis Hine photo of child labor

  8. Muckrakers today STEVE LOPEZ L.A. Times columnist Woodward and Bernstein’s stories about the Watergate scandal forced the resignation of President Nixon in 1974

  9. Political machines = An organized group that controlled the activities of a political party in the city; had some positive effects

  10. Who Stole the People’s Money?

  11. Political machines and corruption today in Los Angeles Delgadillo trying to explain why taxpayers had to pay for a car crashed by his wife Mayor and girlfriend

  12. Jim Crow: legalized segregation (separation) of races. • Called “separate but equal” but it was anything but that

  13. Jim Crow today?

  14. Labor Unions • Workers who join together to form an organization that collectively bargains for better pay and working conditions.

  15. Strike = when workers refuse to work because they want higher wages and benefits or to protest working conditions

  16. An example from today •,0,2584699.story?coll=la-home-center

  17. Trusts = businesses that gained control of other businesses through buying of stock in other companies