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INTRODUCTION TO AUTONOMIC PHARMACOLOGY: Part II Anatomy of peripheral nervous system PowerPoint Presentation
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INTRODUCTION TO AUTONOMIC PHARMACOLOGY: Part II Anatomy of peripheral nervous system. Peripheral Nervous System. Somatic Nervous System. Autonomic Nervous System. Parasympathetic Nervous System. Sympathetic Nervous System. Selective Activation. Diffuse Activation. Skeletal

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Presentation Transcript
slide1

INTRODUCTION TO

AUTONOMIC PHARMACOLOGY: Part II

Anatomy of peripheral nervous system

slide2

Peripheral Nervous System

Somatic Nervous

System

Autonomic Nervous

System

Parasympathetic

Nervous System

Sympathetic

Nervous System

Selective

Activation

Diffuse

Activation

Skeletal

Muscle

Glands, Smooth Muscle

& Cardiac Muscle

slide3

Peripheral Nervous System

Controls

Controls

smooth &

skeletal

cardiac

muscle

muscle &

glands

Somatic

Autonomic

Nervous

Nervous

System

System

Two

One

Neuron

Neuron

Efferent

Efferent

Limb

Limb

slide4

Somatic

MotorFiber

Skeletal

Muscle

Ach

Ganglion

Sympathetic

Smooth Muscle

Cardiac Cells

Gland Cells

Postganglionic Fiber;

Adrenergic

Ach

NE

Ganglion

Sympathetic

Sweat

Glands

Ach

Ach

Preganglionic Fiber; Cholinergic

Postganglionic Fiber; Cholinergic

Sympathetic

EPI/NE

Ach

Smooth Muscle

Cardiac Cells

Gland Cells

Adrenal Gland

Para-

sympathetic

Ganglion

Ach

Ach

slide5

Radial Muscle of Iris

Ciliary Muscle

Sympathetic Nervous System

(Thoracolumbar Outflow)

Sublingual/Submaxillary

& Parotid Gland

SA & AV Nodes

His-Purkinje System

Myocardium

Pilomotor Muscles

Sweat Glands

Bronchi/Bronchial

Glands

Stomach

Kidneys

Blood Vessels

Intestines

Paravertebral Ganglia

Bladder//Genitalia

Prevertebral Ganglia

slide6

White Ramus Communicans

Gray Ramus Communicans

Spinal

Nerve

Autonomic

Nerve

Ventral Root

Paravertebral

Ganglion

Prevertebral

Ganglion

slide7

ADRENAL MEDULLA

Chromaffin Cells

Epinephrine

(+) Dilates Airways

(+) Mental Alertness

(+) ACTH & TSH

(+) Cardiac Output

(+) Glycogenolysis

(+) Muscle Contraction & Efficiency

(+) Fatty Acid Release

(-) Intestinal Motility

slide8

Parasympathetic Nervous System (Craniosacral Outflow)

SA & AV Node

Bronchi/Bronchial

Glands

Sphincter Muscle of Iris

Ciliary Muscle

Stomach

Small Intestines

Lacrimal Gland

Bile Ducts

Gallbladder

Submaxillary &

Sublingual

Glands

Kidney

Large Intestines

Bladder

Parotid Gland

Genitalia

slide10

Most organs receive dual sympathetic

and parasympathetic innervation.

However, some organs only receive

sympathetic innervation:

Spleen

Sweat Glands

Piloerector Muscles

Most Blood Vessels