Second Workshop on Social Policies & International Cooperation : Challenges to the Ministries of social development and to RIPSO. Brasilia, July 4 - 6, 2011. Prof. Antonio Jorge Ramalho UniversityofBrasíilia. FAO: Some basic terms and definitions.
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Second Workshop on Social Policies& International Cooperation: Challenges to the Ministries of social development and to RIPSO Brasilia, July 4-6, 2011 Prof. Antonio Jorge Ramalho UniversityofBrasíilia
FAO: Some basic terms and definitions • Food security: exists when all people, at all times, have physical, social and economic access to sufficient, safe and nutritious food • Undernourishment: describes the status of persons whose food intake regularly provides less than their minimum energy requirements • Hunger targets: are outlined in two main agreements – the World Food Summit Target and the Millennium Development Goals
Number of undernourished people in the world Source: http://www.fao.org/publications/sofi/en/ (June 30,2011)
The designations employed and the presentation of material in the map(s) do not imply the expression of any opinion whatsoever on the part of FAO concerning the legal or constitutional status of any country, territory or sea area, or concerning the delimitation of frontiers. Fao: Hungermap
Forecasts • Since the Club of Rome, real and hypothetic global problems / threats • Uneven development • Population growth • Resource depletion • Poverty • Arms race & war • Exploration of Outer Space and the Oceans – global commons • December 2009:scenarios pointed to Egypt & Tunisia as sources of possible unrest • Opportunities? • BRICS & more • Reformofinternationalinstitutions • Global governance • Interventions & RtoP • MDGs • A lessunfairinternationalorder: stability • Security, development&peace
Basicconcepts • Social technologies: products, techniques, methods developed in interaction with local communities that lead to effective social transformations and which may be transferred to other contexts. (Basedon Rede de Tecnologias Sociais) • Horizontal cooperation: South-South, butnotonly... • Political principles: respect to sovereign priorities • Human rights; citizenship & social integration • Ethical base • Search for local ownership • Absence of conditionalilties… • Define core characteristics
Whatabout the future? • Definition of shared concepts and clear priorities: hunger, fairness, education, prosperity… • A cooperative network: information, lessons learned, intentions regarding social policies: Supply & demand matrixes. SIPAM/SIVAM as a model • Common approaches to key places: Haiti; Bolivia. The ability to share experiences, rather than teach lessons • Brazil: 50% poorest increased their wealth in 67.9% between 2000 & 2010; Gini index evolved from 0.61 to 0.53. China (0.48); India (0.52); Russia (0.42), and South Africa (0.67) have all increased in the last decade. • Cooperation: From R$ 4,5 million in 2003 to R$ 52,5 million in 2010 to R$ 92 million in 2011; focus on agriculture, health and biofuels; Mozambique (15,78%), East Timor (15.16%), and Guinea Bissau (14,43%); and Haiti (13%), from 2005-2010. • Happiness Index:Brazil ranks 1st, followed by the US, Venezuela, France…