Chemical and Biological Weapons. Period 9/10 Kristen Sposetta , Aaron Mohr, Destanee Goosby , Taylor Host.
Kristen Sposetta, Aaron Mohr, DestaneeGoosby, Taylor Host
Chemical Weapons (also called “the poor man’s atomic bomb”) - chemical substances that can be delivered using munitions and dispersal devices to cause death or severe harm to people, animals, and plants
Biological Weapons (also called “germ weapon”) - a weapon of mass destruction that uses a biological agent or pathogen such as bacteria or a virus that is harmful to people and plants
The use of biological weapons against an enemy for hostile purposes or during armed conflict is called biological warfareDefinitions
Cheaper than nuclear weapons and overall cheapest weapon
Easy to conceal
Conventional weapons (bombs, grenades, etc.) explode once, kill a few hundred people, mutilate thousands of others. Biological agents, on the other hand, can spread from person to person, killing more of the enemy
Chemical weapons can give an army a tactical, battlefield advantagePros/advantages
Backfire, since containment is difficult once a contagious disease has begun spreading
Difficult to deliver to the enemy
Does not immediately incapacitate an enemy, other weaponry is more effective
Unpredictable, you may infect your own troops
Lasts for a long time, for example, anthrax can live in soil for up to 50 yearsCons/disadvantages
Viruses- intracellular parasites, smallpox, and yellow fever
Fungi- pathogens that can be weaponized for use against crops to cause disease
Toxins- poisons that are weaponized after extraction from snakes, insects, spiders, marine organisms and other animalsExamples of biological weapons
Mustard gas, Sarin, Chlorine, hydrogen cyanide, tear gas, poisoned arrows, boiling tar, and arsenic smoke
Substances such as inflammatory or combustible mixtures, smokes, or gases that can irritate, burn, incapacitate, and poison
The first chemical weapon used effectively in battle was chlorine gas, which burns and destroys lung tissueExamples of chemical weapons
"Brief History of Chemical Weapons Use." Organisation for the Prohibition of Chemical Weapons. N.p., n.d. Web. 13 Oct. 1927. <http://www.opcw.org/about-chemical-weapons/history-of-cw-use/>.
"chemical weapon." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 27 Oct. 2013. <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/108951/chemical-weapon>.
"biological weapon." Encyclopedia Britannica Online. Encyclopedia Britannica, n.d. Web. 27 Oct. 2013. <http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/938340/biological-weapon>.
"Advantages of using biological weapons." ThinkQuest. Oracle Foundation, n.d. Web. 27 Oct. 2013. <http://library.thinkquest.org/27393/dreamwvr/warfare/introduction2.htm>.
"PressTV - KSA behind Syria chemical attack: Russian source." PressTV - KSA behind Syria chemical attack: Russian source. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Oct. 2013. <http://www.presstv.com/detail/2013/10/05/327634/saudi-arabia-behind-syria-chem-attack/>.
"Syria chemical attack: What we know." BBC News. BBC, 24 Sept. 2013. Web. 27 Oct. 2013. <http://www.bbc.co.uk/news/world-middle-east-23927399>.
"Kirsch Foundation Nuclear Disarmament." Kirsch Foundation Nuclear Disarmament. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Oct. 2013. <http://www.kirschfoundation.org/care/chemical.html>.
"Why are we so afraid of chemical weapons?." New Internationalist All posts RSS. N.p., n.d. Web. 27 Oct. 2013. <http://newint.org/features/web-exclusive/2013/06/19/syria-chemical-weapons-existential-threat/>.
“organisation for the prohibition of chemical weapons.” OPCW. N.p., n.d. Web. 25 Oct. 2013. http://www.opcw.org/about-chemical-weapons.Works cited