Capturing flexibility and insecurity through statistics
Download
1 / 20

Capturing Flexibility and Insecurity Through Statistics - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 174 Views
  • Updated On :

Capturing Flexibility and Insecurity Through Statistics. Azfar Khan, ILO Socio-Economic Security Programme. Instruments. Enterprise Labour Flexibility and Security Surveys ( ELFS ) Establishment level. People Security Surveys ( PSS ) Individual level. Direct Employment.

Related searches for Capturing Flexibility and Insecurity Through Statistics

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Capturing Flexibility and Insecurity Through Statistics' - ephraim


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
Capturing flexibility and insecurity through statistics l.jpg

Capturing Flexibility and Insecurity Through Statistics

Azfar Khan, ILOSocio-Economic Security Programme


Instruments l.jpg
Instruments

  • Enterprise Labour Flexibility and Security Surveys (ELFS)

    • Establishment level

  • People Security Surveys (PSS)

    • Individual level


Flexibility and security structure l.jpg

Direct Employment

Indirect Employment

Regular Full-time

Casual Temporary

Regular Part-time

Contract Labour

Probationary

Sub-contracting

Home Workers

Differential Relations

Flexibility and Security Structure


Flexibility and security structure4 l.jpg

Differential Relations

Job Security

Wages

Skill Reproduction Security

Benefits

Income Security

Representation Security

Employment Security

Work Security

Flexibility and Security Structure


Institutional considerations l.jpg
Institutional Considerations

  • A reorientation of regulatory systems

    • greater emphasis on individual freedom and less on collective action or protection

  • Technological change

    • accelerating changes in production techniques

    • making multi-site production possible

    • making decentralization and out-sourcing more feasible and profitable

    • more options for labour arrangements, payment systems, etc.


Perceived considerations l.jpg
Perceived Considerations

  • Global informalization of economic activity, involving a spread of forms of labour and work not covered by protective regulatory and social protection systems.

  • Global growth of flexible production and labour markets, linked in part to the technological change and globalization, and involving the following:


Perceived considerations7 l.jpg
Perceived Considerations

  • Organizational flexibility

    • more turnover of firms, more use of sub-contracting and production chains, and a tendency to contract the employment function;

  • Numerical flexibility

    • more use of external labour, such as contract workers, outworkers, homeworkers, agency labour, temporary workers, and teleworkers;

  • Functional flexibility

    • greater change in work tasks, job rotation, and skill;


Perceived considerations8 l.jpg
Perceived Considerations

  • Working time flexibility

    • more continuous working, flexible hours, etc.;

  • Wage system flexibility

    • a shift from fixed to flexible wages, monetization of remuneration, greater use of bonuses, etc.;

  • Labour force flexibility

    • less attachment to sectors, companies or occupational groups, erosion of collective labour, and greater tendency for workers to move in and out of the labour market and labour force.


The enterprise labour market l.jpg

Direct Employment

Sub-contracting

Contract Labour

Casual Labour

Applicants

Home Workers

Recruitment

Employment Service

Vacancies

Initial training

Probation

Job Structure

Retraining

Training

Upgrading

Turnover

The Enterprise Labour Market


Labour market security l.jpg
Labour Market Security

PSS:

  • Main work activity (by time spent)

  • Work status

    • Working for wages

      • Regular/casual employment

    • Contract labour

    • Own account worker

  • Primary or secondary activity


Measuring social income l.jpg
Measuring Social Income

SI = W + EB + SB + PB + CB

where

W:the money wage and/or money income received from different types of economic activities

EB: the total value of benefits provided by the enterprise as non-wage benefits and insurance type supports

SB: the total value of benefits provided by the state, which are taken to include citizenship benefits, insurance based income transfers and discretionary ‘means-tested’ transfers

PB: total value of benefits accruing from private income, either through investments, ownership of assets and privately contracted social protection

CB: the benefits accruing through a reliance on traditional communal and family support systems


Wage flexibility loop l.jpg

Remuneration

In-kind pay

Fixed wage

Tariff

Collective bargain

Bonus

Arrears

(Incentives, Profit share, Benefits)

Wage Flexibility Loop


Wage flexibility loop13 l.jpg

Monetary

Remuneration (cont’d)

Incentives

Non-monetary

Profit share

Type, change

Entitlement

Benefits

Form

% of pay

Wage Flexibility Loop


Income security l.jpg
Income Security

PSS:

  • Regularity of income

  • Form of remuneration

    • Main method of payment (wage based, piece rate, job based)

    • Benefits (health care, maternity benefits, redundancy payments, pension entitlements, disability benefits, subsidies for schooling, etc.)


Employment security l.jpg
Employment Security

ELFS:

  • Labour turnover

  • Changes in employment structure (regular vs. non-regular)

PSS:

  • Period of unemployment

  • Terms of employment termination

  • Severance payment

  • Provision of other entitlements


Work security l.jpg
Work Security

ELFS:

  • Number of work-related accidents, working time lost, etc.

  • Committee/department to protect workers

PSS:

  • OSH conditions, workplace hazards


Skill reproduction security l.jpg
Skill Reproduction Security

ELFS:

  • Providing initial training, retraining, training to upgrade

  • Forms of training

  • Subsidizing training institute

PSS:

  • Access to training for regular and non-regular workers (especially for informal workers)


Elfs and pss carried out l.jpg
ELFS and PSS Carried Out


Discerned results l.jpg
Discerned Results

  • Labour Market Insecurity has grown almost globally, with much higher unemployment, slower rates of employment growth and higher labour slack.

  • Employment Insecurity is high and rising, with growing proportions of those in the labour force having insecure employment statuses and with more workers lacking employment protection.


Discerned results20 l.jpg
Discerned Results

  • Work Insecurity has become greater, due to more people being in work statuses without coverage by protective institutions and regulations.

  • Job Insecurityhas worsened, with more workers having to switch jobs and learn new tricks of working.

  • Skill Reproduction Insecurity is considerable with flexibility, in part because skills become obsolescent more quickly and because few workers are receiving career skills.