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Chapter 6: Canada Section 3: Canada Today(page 156)
Review of Section 2 • You need a piece of paper & pencil • Write your name at the top of the paper • Respond to the following questions
Review of Section 2 • What is a province? • (One sentence) How did Great Britain gain control of Canada? • Why do you think many people in Canada moved from farms to the cities? • Draw a diagram like the one below: RAILROAD IMMIGRATION CITIES Using your notes, write a sentence in each box about how each topic influenced the next topic.
Review of Section 2 • When you’re done, make sure your name is on your paper. • Raise your hand and I will collect it.
The Big Idea • Canada’s democratic government oversees the country’s regions and economy
Note-taking: Using a hamburger, then a hotdog fold, fold a piece of notebook paper twice, making four divisions (page 156) Eastern Provinces Heartland Western Provinces Canadian North
Main Ideas • Canada has a democratic government with a prime minister and a parliament. • Canada has four distinct geographic and cultural regions. • Canada’s economy is largely based on trade with the United States.
Canada’s Government • Democratic • Led by Prime Minister • (similar to US President) • Head of Canada’s government
Canada’s Government • Parliament • House of Commons • Elected • Senate • Appointed by PM
Canada’s Government • 10 provincial governments • Each headed by premier (sort of like the governor of a US State)
Canada’s Regions • Physical geography separates the country into different regions. • Differences in culture also define regions
Interactive Map • Map of Canada
Regionalism • Cultural differences between French-speaking & English-speaking Canadians. • Regionalism: the strong connection that people feel toward the region in which they live.
Regionalism • In some places, people’s loyalty to their region is greater than it is to the country as a whole.
The Eastern Provinces • Newfoundland & Labrador • Prince Edward Island • Nova Scotia • New Brunswick
The Eastern Provinces • NB, NS, & PEI called the Maritime Provinces • Maritime: on or near the sea. • Limited farming, though PEI grows potatoes
The Eastern Provinces • Most of the economy related to forestry & fishing • Many people are descendants of British immigrants, but many French-speaking families have migrated from Quebec
The Eastern Provinces • Most people live in costal cities. • Industrial plants • Fishing & shipping ports • Halifax, NS is the regions’s largest city
The Heartland • Quebec • Ontario
The Heartland • Provincial Capital of Quebec is a city called Quebec. • Montreal – nation’s 2nd largest city • One of largest French-speaking cities in the world
The Heartland • Many residents of Quebec (Quebecois – kay-buh-KWAH) believe their province should be independent.
The Heartland • Ontario: Canada’s leading manufacturing province. • Hamilton, OT center of Canada’s steel industry. • Much of Canada’s steel is exported to the US
The Heartland • Ontario’s capital, Toronto, is a major center for industry, finance, education, & culture. • Canada’s national capitol, Ottawa, is also in Ontario.
The Western Provinces • Manitoba • Saskatchewan • Alberta • British Columbia
The Western Provinces • Southern grasslands are part of a rich wheat belt. • Surplus is exported.
The Canadian North • Nunavut • Northwest Territories • Yukon Territory
The Canadian North • Extremely cold • Cover a third of Canada’s territory • Pop. only 100,000
The Canadian North • Nunavut = “Our Land” in Inuit • Distinct government & culture • Pop. 30,000
The Canadian North • Physical geography = forests & tundra • Isolated towns & villages
Canada’s Economy • Industries • One of world’s leading mineral producers (titanium, zinc, iron ore, gold, coal). • Iron & steel industries • Most work in services industries
Canada’s Economy • Trade • Many resources traded around the world • Leading trading partner is the US • About 60% imports / 85% of exports • Lumber & cattle sources of dispute
Note-taking: Eastern Provinces Heartland Western Provinces Canadian North • Prince Ed Is. • Newfoundland & Labrador • Nova Scotia • New Brunswick • Maritime – on or near the sea • Economy – mostly fishing & forestry • Many ppl are descendents of British immigrants. • Some French speaking (Qubec-> NB) • Most live on coast • Halifax, NS is region’s largest city • Ontario • Quebec • Quebec, Quebec capitol • Montreal – 2nd largest city (3.5m) • Many in Quebec feel they should be independent (regionalism) • Ontario – leading manufacturing • Hamilton, OT center of Canada’s steel ind. • Toronto, capitol • Ottawa, OT, nation’s capitol • Manitoba • Saskatchewan • Alberta • British Columbia • M, S, & A prairie provinces • More ppl. in Quebec than in all MSAB • Southern part rich in wheat • Oil & NG in Alberta • BC – forests, salmon, minerals • Vancouver, BC – costal city / big trade w/ Asia, Pac.Rim • Nunavut • Northwest Territories • Yukon • 1/3 of C., only 100,000 ppl. • Nunavut – new, created for Inuit (“Our Land”) • Nun. has distinct culture & gov’t • a/b 30,000 ppl in Nun. • Forests & tundra • Isolated towns/villages