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AP Review. 1607-1763. Indentured Servants. Europeans who came to the colonies under contract for labor (3 to 7 years) Received transportation, food, clothing, lodging and other necessities during the time of indenture . Trade and Navigation Acts. 1651

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Ap review

AP Review


Indentured servants
Indentured Servants

  • Europeans who came to the colonies under contract for labor (3 to 7 years)

  • Received transportation, food, clothing, lodging and other necessities during the time of indenture

Trade and navigation acts
Trade and Navigation Acts

  • 1651

  • Restricted foreign shipping for trade between England and its colonies with purpose of:

  • 1. More profit for England

  • 2. Stop trade with other countries

Mayflower compact
Mayflower Compact

  • Written by Pilgrims aboard the Mayflower as a covenant to obey the rules

  • Women not included

Roger williams
Roger Williams

  • Founded the colony of Rhode Island for religious toleration due to religious persecution by Puritans

Great puritan migration
Great Puritan Migration

  • 1629 to 1640

  • King Charles I dissolved Parliament

  • Prevents Puritan leaders from working within the system to effect change

  • Made them vulnerable to persecution

  • Twenty thousand men, women, and children migrate to MBC

New england confederation
New England Confederation

  • Military alliance consisting of New England colonies with purpose of uniting Puritans against Native Americans

Freedom of consciences
Freedom of Consciences

  • Puritan idea to practice their religion freely and their desire to promote religious tolerance

Jonathan edwards
Jonathan Edwards

  • Key Christian preacher of the 1st Great Awakening

  • Preached against wealth in churches

  • Sermons were geared toward youth who believed that did not fit in

Halfway covenant
Halfway Covenant

  • Devised in response to dwindling church attendance

  • Allowed non-church member parents to have their children baptized as long as they agreed to raise the children in the church

Salem witch trials
Salem Witch Trials

  • Occurs 1692-93 colonial Massachusetts

  • Common belief that the devil caused disease and other natural catastrophes

  • Brought on by hysteria and accusations of teenaged girls believed to be afflicted

  • 200 people accused, 20 people executed

City on a hill
City On a hill

  • Phrase from 1630 sermon given by John Winthrop

  • Telling the colonists of MBC that their capital city of Boston would be the model of Christianity that the world would be watching

William penn
William Penn

  • Quaker founder of Pennsylvania

  • Founded as haven of religious toleration

  • Noted for making and not breaking treaties with Native Americans

Proprietary colony
Proprietary Colony

  • Colonies that were granted to an individual or group by the British crown and had full rights of self-government

  • Ex. Maryland and Pennsylvania

Charter colonies
Charter colonies

  • A type of colony in which an individual or group had to first obtain a charter to establish the colony

  • The King established the rules under which the colony was to be governed through the charter

  • Ex. Connecticut and MBC

Royal colony
Royal colony

  • Colonies governed by the King’s appointed officials

  • By the start of the Am. Rev. only Rhode Island and Connecticut were not royal colonies

Peter zenger trial 1735
Peter Zenger trial/1735

  • As publisher of the New York Weekly Journal, Zenger is arrested for printing libelous comments about the governor of New York, William Cosby

  • Zenger is found not guilty

  • Important case in the foundations of freedom of speech in America

King philip s war
King philip’s war

  • 1675-1676

  • Caused by the continued invasion of Puritans onto Native American land

  • Led by Metacomet, chief of the Wampanoag Indians who was called King Philip by the Puritans

  • After the fighting ended, only a few isolated Indian communities survived

George whitefield
George Whitefield

  • Probably the most famous religious figure of the eighteenth century

  • Traveled the colonies 1730s and 1740s preaching to large crowds

  • His impact help begin the Great Awakening

Great awakening
Great Awakening

  • The widespread colonial revival of religion

  • Considered to be an American version of the Protestant Reformation

  • Decadence was condemned with calls for purity and piety

Thomas hobbes
Thomas Hobbes

  • Author of Leviathon

  • Philosophy centered around life in a state of nature with no rules would be brutal and short

  • Believed in a social contract where the state kept peace and order

  • Believed an absolute monarchy was the best form of government


  • Theory of trade in which a nation should export more than it imports

  • “Favorable balance of trade”

  • Developed in Europe after the decline of feudalism

  • Governments enacted policies that protected their business interests against foreign competition

Bacon s rebellion
Bacon’s rEbellion

  • Virginia 1675-1676

  • Led by Nathaniel Bacon which began as the indiscriminate attacks on Native Americans

  • Escalated to attacks on the colonial capital of Jamestown when Virginia governor William Berkeley attempted to stop Bacon’s attacks on Native American communities

Harvard college
Harvard College

  • Founded in 1636 and located in Cambridge, Massachusetts

  • Oldest institution of higher learning in the United States

Middle passage
Middle Passage

  • Of the triangular slave trade, it was the voyage from Africa to colonies in the Americas

  • Estimated that 1 in every 6 Africans died during this leg of the passage

  • Other terms associated:

  • Tight packers and loose packers

  • OlaudahEquiano

Phyllis wheatly
Phyllis Wheatly

  • Most famous of the African American writers during the revolutionary period

  • Her book “Poems on Various Subjects, Religious and Moral was published in 1773

  • Her works centered around religion and concern for African Americans


  • Sought to purify the Anglican Church of Catholic rituals

  • Led settlement of MBC


  • English religious dissenters who founded Plymouth Colony


  • Radical branch of Puritanism

  • Believed that the Church of England was too corrupt to be reformed

  • Sought to completely separate from the C of E

House of burgesses
House of Burgesses

  • Established in Virginia 1619

  • First body of representative government in the English colonies

Anne hutchinson
Anne Hutchinson

  • Outspoken wife of a Puritan merchant

  • Criticized certain Boston ministers for not acting pious

  • Excommunicated and banished from MBC

  • Resettled in Rhode Island

William bradford
William Bradford

  • Led the voyage of Pilgrims to form Plymouth Colony

  • Drafted the Mayflower Compact

  • Served as governor for over 30 years

French and indian war
French and Indian War

  • 1754-1763

  • AKA 7 Years War in Europe

  • Fought for control of N. America between the British and the French and their Indian allies

  • Some effects included:

  • British began to impose stricter control over the colonies

  • Colonists began to develop a sense of identity separate from England

John locke
John Locke

  • English philosopher

  • Believed that the purpose of government was to protect a person’s natural rights

  • “Life, liberty, and property”

Iroquois confederacy
Iroquois Confederacy

  • Confederation of six Indian tribes across upper New York

  • Mohawk, Oneida, Onondaga, Cayuga, Seneca, and Tuscarora

  • Played a strategic role between the French and British for trade and during war

Headright system

  • Instituted by the Virginia Company to solve labor issues in the colonies

  • Awards of large plantations to wealthy colonists on the condition that they transport workers from England at their own cost

Salutary neglect
Salutary neglect

  • Britain's unofficial policy to relax the enforcement of strict trade laws, imposed on the American colonies late in the 17th and early 18th century

  • Started by prime minister Robert Walpole

  • Allowed the American colonies to prosper by trading with countries other than England

  • Then spend that wealth on British-made goods

  • Unintended side effect:

  • Colonies operated independently of Britain

  • Economically and politically

  • Developed an American identity

Albany plan of union
Albany Plan of union

  • Proposal of B. Franklin to organize Indian affairs, western settlement, and other items of mutual interest under authority of one general government

  • British feared that they might not be able to control the union

  • Colonies rejected the idea fearing loss of their autonomy

James oglethorpe
James oglethorpe

  • Leader of the colony of Georgia

  • Wanted to establish a buffer from Spanish invasion from Florida and create a haven for poor British farmers

  • Initially, slavery was prohibited, but in 1752 the colony was opened up to slavery