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Australia - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


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Australia. 1 continent – 1 country 6 th largest country Divided into 7 states/territories. Capital - Canberra. Total Australian population 20 million 75% of population lives in the Southeast. Original inhabitants - Aborigines. Original inhabitants - Aborigines.

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PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Australia' - emmett


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Presentation Transcript
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1 continent – 1 country

  • 6th largest country
  • Divided into 7 states/territories
slide4

Capital - Canberra

Total Australian population 20 million

75% of population lives in the Southeast

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Original inhabitants - Aborigines

  • Inhabited Australia for over 50,000 years
  • 300 clans
  • 250 languages
  • 700 dialects
  • Today only 350,000 left
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Capt James Cook

Explorer that discovered Australia and claimed it for England in 1770

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Habitation

  • From 1788 – 1839, Port Jackson (Sydney) was used as a Penal Colony for England
  • 161,000 English convicts were transported to Port Jackson
  • Today Australia has a vast cultural population
  • 25% of today’s population was not born in Australia
  • Must live in Australia for 2 years before you can apply for citizenship
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Outback

  • makes up 2/3 of the continent
  • 3 major deserts
    • Great Sandy
    • Great Victoria
    • Gibson
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Ayers Rock (Uluru)

Largest sandstone rock formation in the world

2800 feet tall (Alice Springs)

Spiritual place for Aborigines

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Great Barrier Reef

  • One of the seven wonders of the world
  • Largest reef in the world
  • 1500 miles long, 2900 reefs
  • 1500 species of fish
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Opals

95% of world’s opals come from Australia

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Import/Export

Produces cattle, sheep, and wheat

Exports mutton, beef, lamb, and wool (25%)

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Major Sports

Cricket

Golf

Tennis

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Major Cities

Sydney

Melbourne

Adelaide

Perth

Brisbane

Hobart

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Interesting Australian Animals

Koala

Wombat

Kangaroo

Taipan

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New Zealand

  • Population
    • 4 million
  • Capital
    • Wellington
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Capt James Cook

Explorer that discovered New Zealand and claimed it for England in 1769

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Mt. Cook

Tallest mountain in the Southern Alps (South Island of New Zealand)

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Antarctica

Highest, driest, windiest, emptiest, coldest place on earth

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Antarctica

  • 98% covered in ice
  • Contains 90% of world’s ice
  • Almost 2/3 of world’s fresh water
  • Average thickness of ice is 1 mile
    • (2 miles in the center)
  • Desert – less than 10 in precipitation
    • (avg 8 inches)
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Scientific Research

  • No permanent population
  • 1000 – 5000 people stay for months at the time for research
  • Global treaty was drafted in 1959 and put in to effect in 1961 that Antarctica was to be used for only peaceful purposes
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Roald Amundsen

In 1911 he was first person to reach South Pole