Era of Activism - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Era of Activism

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  1. Era of Activism I. Women’s Rights Movement 1. Feminism a. equality for men and women -political -economic -social b. By 1960 over 38% of American women had jobs c. Education -Percentage of bachelor degrees earned by women -1950 – 25% -1970 – 43% d. Impact of the Civil Rights Movement -1964 Civil Rights Act -“no discrimination on basis of sex…”

  2. I. Woman’s rights Movement Continued… e. Women’s groups organize -National Organization for Women (N.O.W.) -Betty Friedan -“equal opportunities for women…” f. Equal Rights Amendment (ERA) (1972) -“no state shall discriminate on account of sex…” g. Roe v. Wade (1973) -legalized abortion -woman’s right to choose

  3. II. Ethnic Minorities Seek Equality 1. Latinos a. Increased population -1970 – 9 million -1980 – 14.6 million b. Movimiento Chicano -Chicano Movement -Education -March 1968 “Student Walkout” -10,000 Latinos demand equality in education. -Migrant Farm Workers -United Farm Workers (UFW) -Cesar Chavez UFW – union striving for better conditions for farm workers

  4. II. Ethnic Minorities Seek Equality Continued… 2. Asian Americans a. Japanese Americans after WWII -Japanese American Citizens League (JACL) -Seek compensation for being interned (detained) during WWII. b. Statehood for Hawaii (1959) -Hiram Leong Fong -Chinese American Senator -Daniel K. Inouye -Japanese American in House of Representatives 3. Native Americans a. Snyder Act (1924) -Citizenship for all Natives born in the U.S.A. b. American Indian Movement (AIM) -Alcatraz Movement (1969) -“Preserve the little land we have left…” -Native activists occupy Alcatraz -Wounded Knee South Dakota (1973) -Encourage improved treatment of Native Americans -Attract national attention

  5. III. The Counterculture 1. Counterculture: AKA “Hippies” a. Promote peace, love and freedom b. Baby boom generation -large number of students during the 1960s c. Reject traditional norms and rules d. Encourage change -long hair -colorful baggy clothes -sexual revolution e. The drug scene -open experimentation: -Psychedelic drugs -Timothy Leary and Richard Alpert -“LSD can free your mind…” f. The music world -music = free expression -major music festivals -Woodstock -Altamont