Cultural Competence Dianna Chiabotti Janelle Williams Melendrez Jesse Ortiz
California Community College Fall 2008 – Percentage HeadcountSource: State Chancellor’s Office
Fall 2008CA Community College Ethnicity Totals-%Source: CA Community College System Data Mart
Premise: • A Chancellor and/or President-Superintendent of color is significant factor to having a more diverse-inclusive faculty.
Fall 2008Tenured/Tenured Track Faculty 40% or more (College/Districts)
California Tomorrow Study -2002 • 60% students of color in California Community College indicated they never have had a faculty member of own ethnic group. • 48% of Faculty want to Diversify. (52% no)
Number of every 100 Kindergartener’s Achieving Different Educational Levels (24 yr. olds)Source: Youth at Crossroads, The Ed Trust 2001
Percent of California’s Fall 2007 public high school graduates enrolling in state public higher education Source: CPEC
Success rates of 18-19 yr.-old CA Community College students with a high school diploma in basic skills English and math courses Fall 2007Source: EdSource Report, November 2008
Effects of Diversity in the ClassroomSource: AAUP, Diversity Makes a Difference, 2000Research Studies • Raises new issues and perspectives. • Broadens variety of experience shared. • Confronts stereotypes on social and political issues • Allows broader variety of experiences to be shared.
Questions? • When were you first aware that people were different racially or ethnically? • When were you first aware that you were a member of a racial or ethnic group? • When were you first aware of people being treated differently because of membership with a specific group?
Culture matters! • Culture is a set of values, customs, traditions, beliefs, ways of being that are shaped by our race, ethnicity, SES, gender and life experiences. • When culture is ignored, students are at risk of not getting the support they need, or assistance can be harmful
Cultural Competence is • Developing certain personal and interpersonal awarenesses and sensitivities; • Learning specific bodies of cultural knowledge; and • Mastering a set of skills that underlie effective cross cultural teaching and communication
Cultural Competence • Is a developmental process that depends on continual acquisition of knowledge; • the development of new and advanced skills; and • ongoing self-reflection and self- assessment!
Cultural Competence is • The ability to think, feel, and act in ways that acknowledge, respect, and build upon ethnic, socio-cultural, and linguistic diversity
Simply put • Cultural competence is the ability to successfully work with students who come from cultures different from our own
How do you become culturally competent? • Recognize the broad dimensions of culture • Respect families as the primary source for defining needs and priorities • Increase sensitivity to alienating behaviors
Reflection……. • Do you have close personal relationships with people who are culturally and socio-economically different? • Do you have the desire, knowledge, and skill to integrate culturally relevant considerations into your work? • What are some of your earliest memories of the values, beliefs, and attitudes of others that were different from yours?
Ponderings…. • How is Cultural Competence Important? Or, is it not? • Is it necessary to be a faculty of color to understand Cultural Competency? • Can you describe what Cultural Competency looks like in a classroom? • Does Cultural Competence improve student retention/achievement?
Questions to ponder • What might happen if all faculty were culturally competent?
Does Cultural Competence improve student retention/achievement? • What is the campus climate/culture today like for CA Community College students of Color? • Is there a correlation between a positive campus climate/culture and leadership/governance? How and why?
Strategies for increasing Cultural Competence on campuses • Staff development activities that focus on • self–reflection and bias • Developing competence • Only allocated what funding there is to professional development activities that support cultural competence building
Diversify Faculty by • Implementing hiring practices that include cultural competence • Do voluntary Cultural Competence assessments