Public Administration 3.2 Defensible Space: A New Physical Planning Tool for the Urban Revitalization What is defensible space? What does defensible space associate with? What could defensible could be? definition supposition association Defensible Space relationship
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3.2 Defensible Space: A New Physical Planning Tool for the Urban Revitalization
What does defensible space associate with?
What could defensible could be?
How is defensible space related to PA?
Oscar Newman is an registered architect and city planner, known internationally for his work in community planning, assisted housing, crime prevention, and racial integration.
Pruitt-Igoe and Carr Square Village
high-rise public housing
The stabilization of half-square-mile, racially and economically changing, inner city neighborhood in Dayton, Ohio.
The modification of a public housing project to stimulate proprietary attitudes in residents in the South Bronx, New York
The integration of public housing welfare residents into white middle-class neighborhoods in Yonkers, New York
— Housing that is built, operated, and owned by a government and that is typically provided at nominal rent to the needy. 主要以平价租给贫民的由政府修建、经营并所有的住宅
— A heavily populated urban area characterized by substandard housing and squalor. 人口稠密的城市地区，以低于法定标准的住房和贫穷为特征。
— a part of a city where people of a particular race or class, especially people who are poor, live separately from the rest of the people in the city. This word is sometimes considered offensive. Inner city is now more common than ghetto.
— the part near the middle of a city, especially where the buildings are in a bad condition and the people are poor
Compare these buildings/places and list the similarity & dissimilarity between them to see what lies behind the decline/survival of them.
Write a report on your case study.
1. yield to让位于，被…取代, 放弃
2. deteriorate― to become worse
3. salvageable— capable of being saved from ruin
― to save something from an accident or bad situation in which other things have already been damaged, destroyed, or lost
Retailing and tourism can't salvage an ailing economy.
The one real consolation that could be salvaged from the whole sorry affair was that the system had worked in the end.
4. sea change —a marked transformation
― to put new strength or power into somethinge.g.
synonym: revive n. -- revitalization
―severe punishment for something very serious
— the act of redistributing something, especially money or land
— if you address a problem, you start trying to solve it
8. high riseadj.
— high-rise buildings are tall buildings with many levels
high-rise blocks high-rise district
high-rise apartment building high-rise flats
Antonym: low rise
9. go to pot (informal)
―if something such as a place or an organization goes to pot, it becomes much worse or fails because no one is taking care of it
— to damage or destroy things deliberately, especially public property
―the number of people who stay, work, or live in a room or building at the same time
— someone who lives in a house, room etc
12. tear down phrasal verb
―to destroy a building deliberately
Some of the oldest blocks had already been torn down with the promise that new, moderate-income housing would be put up.
Thousands of other business buildings and homes have been strengthened or, in some cases, torn down as unsafe.
— to think that someone is very closely related to or involved with something
Otherwise, polluters identified with specific sites had to pay the entire cost of those sites' cleanup themselves.
That politician is too closely identified with the former government to become a minister in ours.
We can all identify with these people in their desire for freedom and independence.
— to recognize something or discover exactly what it is, what its nature or origin is etc
Researchers have identified the substances which can cause allergies.
The airline says it will be difficult to identify all the bodies retrieved from the crash.
An element of public accountability can also be identified in the recurrent attentions of elected Members of Parliament.
―to decide or mark the limits of an area, system etc
15. given prep.
―taking something into account
— available or belonging only to particular people, and not shared
— not knowing about or not noticing something that is happening around you
现代建筑于1972年7月15日下午3点32分（或者这一时刻前后）在密苏里州圣路易斯市死亡当时人们用炸药进行coup de grace，最后清除了臭名昭著的普吕特-艾戈尔工程（Pruitt-Igoe Scheme，一个为低收入家庭设计的住房建设项目），或者说其中几个用混凝土预制板建成的大楼…… 这个住宅工程采用了纯粹派的风格，干净整洁，有益健康，可与医院相媲美，意在通过这样一种良好的榜样给居民灌输相应的美德风尚。良好的形式旨在造成良好的内容，至少是良好的行为。对抽象的空间进行了精心的规划，旨在促进健康的行为 …… 哎呀，这些过分简单化的想法沿袭了唯理主义、行为主义和实用主义的哲学原理，就像这些哲学本身就不合理一样，这些想法也被证明是荒谬的。