Philosophy of Science. University of Oulu, March 4-6, 2009 Sami Pihlström (Professor of Practical Philosophy, University of Jyväskylä, email@example.com , firstname.lastname@example.org ) . Course program.
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University of Oulu, March 4-6, 2009
Sami Pihlström (Professor of Practical Philosophy, University of Jyväskylä, email@example.com, firstname.lastname@example.org)
Cognitivism: Science aims at knowledge and/or truth about the world (classical definition of knowledge as justified true belief).
Truth (knowledge) is valuable as such, for its own sake (intrinsic value).
Cf. scientific realism: there is a world out there, independently of us, and science aims at finding out what it’s like.
Behavioralism: Science aims at practical recommendations and problem-solving.
Knowledge and truth are not sought for their own sake.
Instrumentalism: knowledge has only instrumental value, not intrinsic value. (N.B. In a more specific sense, instrumentalism denies that scientific theories have truthvalues.)The aims and goals of science