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OBSOLETE PESTICIDE DISPOSAL PROJECT IN ETHIOPIA. OBSOLETE PESTICIDE DISPOSAL PROJECT IN ETHIOPIA. Ekokem Hazardous waste management company in Finland Main activity: high temperature incineration of organic hazardous waste, > 80 000 tonnes/a Established 1979, waste treatment started 1984

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OBSOLETE PESTICIDE DISPOSAL PROJECT IN ETHIOPIA

Ekokem

  • Hazardous waste management company in Finland
  • Main activity: high temperature incineration of organic hazardous waste, > 80 000 tonnes/a
  • Established 1979, waste treatment started 1984
  • Owners: Finnish State, municipalities and industry
  • Until today has treated 2 million tonnes of hazwaste by several techniques
  • Customers in over 30 different countries worldwide since 1986
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OBSOLETE PESTICIDE DISPOSAL PROJECT IN ETHIOPIA

Ethiopia

  • Location: Eastern Africa
  • Landlocked
  • Area: 1.1 million km2
  • Elevation extremes: -125 m  4620 m, mainly highland
  • Population: 70 million
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OBSOLETE PESTICIDE DISPOSAL PROJECT IN ETHIOPIA

  • Pilot project to Africa Stockpiles Programme (ASP)
  • Project carried out in 2001 - 2003
  • Ekokem was selected after bidding competition
  • Financed by the Netherlands, Sweden and USA through the FAO of the UN
  • 1500 tonnes from over 220 different stores all over the country
  • Included ~ 400 tonnes of POPs pesticides: Aldrin, Chlordane, DDT, Dieldrin, Endrin, Heptachlor, HCB
  • Obsolete stocks accumulated over the last 40 years
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OBSOLETE PESTICIDE DISPOSAL PROJECT IN ETHIOPIA

  • Local project personnel, incl. 25 MoA staff, trained by Ekokem
  • Management and supervision of the work in the hands of 3-6 Ekokem ex-pats in co-operation with MoA staff
  • All the packaging materials and equipment needed in the project were imported
  • The pesticide wastes were shipped to Ekokem/Finland and disposed of by high temperature incineration
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OBSOLETE PESTICIDE DISPOSAL PROJECT IN ETHIOPIA

  • Strict Health & Safety standards were followed, e.g.
      • Personal protective equipment
      • Task based risk assessments
      • Paramedic available on site all the time
      • Cholinesterase tests
  • Local transportation carried out according to ADR
  • Waste exportation according to IMDG
  • Export-import licenses according to Basel Convention and EU Council Regulation No. 259/93
  • High temperature incineration according to strict EU standards in Finland
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OBSOLETE PESTICIDE DISPOSAL PROJECT IN ETHIOPIA

  • Difficulties / challenges:
  • Bureaucracy, especially in the Notification procedure, customs…
  • Long distances, road conditions
  • Rain season / hot weather / altitude
  • Lack of suitable transport equipment
  • In some cases inventories incorrect
  • Illnesses (diarrhoea, flu, malaria)
  • Long duration of the project + all the difficulties  mental exhaustion of the project personnel
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OBSOLETE PESTICIDE DISPOSAL PROJECT IN ETHIOPIA

  • Positive experiences:
  • Good preparatory work done by the MoA and FAO, e.g. inventories and contractor site visit
  • Commitment of the MoA National Local Counterparts
  • Good co-operation atmosphere
  • Security
  • Local products and workforce very cheap
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OBSOLETE PESTICIDE DISPOSAL PROJECT IN ETHIOPIA

  • Capacity built for future operations

(in Ethiopia still exist obsolete pesticides)

    • 25 regional local counterparts trained to supervise inventories and repackaging operations
    • 3 national local counterparts for managing implementation of collection, centralisation and repackaging operations, as well as Notification procedure
    • Trained local workers to carry out repackaging work
    • Practical awareness of the Notification procedure and transport regulations
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OBSOLETE PESTICIDE DISPOSAL PROJECT IN ETHIOPIA

  • Important in preparatory work:
  • Exact inventories
  • Contractor site visit:
    • Comprehensive examples of the stores, road conditions, accommodation possibilities etc.
  • Local counterparts  fully devoted to the project
  • Transportation possibilities
  • Collection centre(s): suggestions & locations
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OBSOLETE PESTICIDE DISPOSAL PROJECT IN ETHIOPIA

Pesticide store in Addis Abeba before and after:

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Contact information:

  • Website: www.ekokem.fi
  • E-mail: export@ekokem.fi