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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG November 13, 2003 GSBUG Hardware Info SIG Agenda – November 13, 2003 7:00 – 7:05 Administration 7:05 – 8:15 Featured Topics – Other Components (Modems, NICs, Chassis, Power Supplies, HFAs, Fans, Keyboards, Mice): 2003 Update 8:15 – 8:30 Hardware News

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gsbug hardware info sig

GSBUG Hardware Info SIG

November 13, 2003

gsbug hardware info sig2
GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Agenda – November 13, 2003
    • 7:00 – 7:05 Administration
    • 7:05 – 8:15 Featured Topics – Other Components (Modems, NICs, Chassis, Power Supplies, HFAs, Fans, Keyboards, Mice): 2003 Update
    • 8:15 – 8:30 Hardware News
    • 8:30 – 8:55 Random Access (Q&A)
    • 8:55 – 9:00 Recap, Preview, and Close
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Administration
    • Welcome! Please Sign In.
    • What the SIG is…and is not.
      • Is - a resource for computer users and potential computer users
      • Is NOT – a cheap way to get your computer built or repaired (contact the GSBUG Daytime Hardware SIG)
    • Logs – Random Access/Q&A (First Come…)
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Administration (continued):
    • Presentation materials will be posted at:

http://gsbug.apcug.org/hwinfosig.htm

    • Prior presentation materials also posted.
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Other Components
    • These materials ONLY address mainstream, non-professional “components” used in or with IBM-compatible PCs.
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Other Components (continued)
    • Modems:
      • The word "modem" stands for "modulator-demodulator".
      • A modem's purpose is to convert digital information to analog signals (modulation), and to convert analog signals back into useful digital information (demodulation). www.physics.udel.edu/wwwusers/watson/student_projects/scen167/thosguys/modem.html …and in the process communicate with another modem user or service.
      • Internal (PCI card), external (USB)
      • Typically 56Kbps (53Kbps downstream), V.90 or V.92 (ITU standard); typically includes faxing capability (14.4K)
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Other Components (continued)
    • Modems (continued)
      • V.92/V.44 adds:
        • Modem on Hold (suspends for voice after Call Waiting notice)
        • Quick Connect (remembers line conditions and bypasses parts of “line training” for faster connection)
        • V.PCM (up to 48Kbps upstream vs. up to 31.2Kbps; faster for online gaming, uploading files)
        • V.44 compression (replaced V.42bis) – throughput up to 300Kbps
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Other Components (continued)
    • Primary Modem Suppliers (visible brands)
      • Best Data (including “SupraMax”) (www.bestdata.com)
      • Creative Labs (Modem Blaster) (us.creative.com)
      • Jaton (www.jaton.com)
      • US Robotics (www.usr.com)
      • Zoom (including Hayes) (www.zoom.com)
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Other Components (continued)
    • Network Interface “Cards” (NICs)
      • Primarily used to attach systems to a network. Also used to connect a system to a cable modem.
      • Integrated (onto the motherboard) or by adapter card (PCI) - 10baseT (Ethernet), 100baseT (Fast Ethernet), 10/100baseT, 1000baseT (Gigabit Ethernet), and 10/100/1000baseT. xxxxMbps (claims to 2000Mbps).
      • Wireless – adapter “card” (PCI card w/ antenna or PCI card with PC Card interface) or USB interface to an IEEE 802.11a/b/g access point (AP) – up to 108Mbps (Turbo).
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Other Components (continued)
    • Network Interface “Cards” (NICs) (continued)
      • Current IEEE wireless standards:
        • 802.11a – up to 54Mbps, 5GHz frequency band, 40 feet
        • 802.11b – up to 11Mbps, 2.4GHz frequency band, 100 feet
        • 802.11g – up to 54Mbps, 2.4GHz frequency band, 100 feet?
      • Combo wireless devices – a/b, a/b/g
      • Intel’s “Communication Streaming Architecture” (CSA) – included in the 865 and 875 NorthBridges; dedicated communications bus, full duplex, up to 266MB/sec (theoretical). Bus only, still requires the NIC controller.
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Other Components (continued)
    • Primary NIC Suppliers (visible brands)
      • Motherboard manufacturers (typically using an Intel or Realtek controller, or the chipset manufacturer’s integrated MAC/PHY or MAC + external PHY)
      • 3Com (www.3com.com)
      • D-Link (www.d-link.com)
      • Intel (www.intel.com)
      • Linksys (www.linksys.com)
      • NETGEAR (www.netgear.com)
      • SMC (www.smc.com)
      • US Robotics (www.usr.com)
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Other Components (continued)
    • Chassis
      • Typically used to mount:
        • Internally and externally accessible “drives” (floppy, hard drive, opticals, ZIP, others)
        • The motherboard (w/ CPU and RAM)
        • “Adapter cards” – video, hard drive controller, sound, modem, NIC, specialty (USB, 1394, added serial or parallel, other special purpose)
        • Power supply
        • Cooling fan(s)
        • Internal cables of various types/uses.
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Other Components (continued)
    • Chassis (continued)
      • Provides “interface points” (via the motherboard) for:
        • Keyboard
        • Mouse
        • Printer
        • Serial devices
        • USB devices
        • Possibly also a network and/or IEEE-1394 devices
      • Provides system “status” (via LEDs) – power on, HDD activity, stand-by mode
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Other Components (continued)
    • Chassis (continued)
      • General, non-mobile chassis “types”:
        • “Desktop” (classically lays horizontally, monitor on top)
        • Tower – stands vertically; includes:
          • Small form factor (SFF) tower
          • MicroATX tower
          • Mid-tower
          • Full tower
          • Server tower – wide range
        • Rack-mount (pizza box shape; typically for servers)
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Other Components (continued)
    • Chassis (continued)
      • Primary Chassis Suppliers (visible brands)
        • Antec (www.antec-inc.com)
        • Aopen (www.aopen.com)
        • CasEdge (FOXCONN) (www.casedge.com)
        • Chenbro Micom (www.chenbro.com.tw)
        • Compucase (www.compucase.com.tw)
        • Enlight (www.enlightcorp.com)
        • In-Win (www.in-win.com.tw)
        • Min Maw (MMI) (www.minmaw.com)
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Other Components (continued)
    • Chassis (continued)
      • Primary Chassis Suppliers (visible brands, continued)
        • Supermicro (www.supermicro.com) - primarily for servers
        • Superpower (www.superpower.com)
        • Yeong Yang (www.yeongyang.com)
      • There are hundreds of other chassis suppliers.
      • FYI, Intel also “builds” chassis - for OEMs and SIs (system integrators) – typically only for servers (www.intel.com).
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Other Components (continued)
    • Power Supplies
      • Receives power “from the wall” and distributes it to the motherboard and “drives”.
      • Typically a PS/2 form factor with an ATX or ATX12V interface to the motherboard.
      • Wattage from approximately 145 – 450+.
      • Server applications may include redundancy (N+1) and “hot-swap” capability.
      • Typically supports a 110/220v power source (via switch).
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Other Components (continued)
    • Power Supplies (continued)
      • Primary Power Supply Suppliers (visible brands)
        • Antec (www.antec-inc.com)
        • Delta (www.delta.com.tw)
        • Enermax (www.enermax.com.tw)
        • Enhance (www.enhanceusa.com)
        • PC Power & Cooling (www.pcpowercooling.com)
        • Seasonic (www.seasonic.com)
        • Sparkle (Fortron/Source) (www.sparklepower.com)
        • Topower (www.topower.com)
      • The are hundreds of other brands.
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Other Components (continued)
    • Heat Sink Fan Assemblies (HFAs)
      • Used to remove heat from (cool) your CPU.
      • The fan typically receives power from the motherboard.
      • Most modern motherboards have a sensor to monitor operation of the fan – alarm if set to do so in the BIOS.
      • Included with “boxed processors”.
      • The heat sink is typically aluminum – exotics may be copper or include a copper base.
      • Fan may have sleeve or ball bearings – ball is preferred.
      • Ultra-high-performance fans may run at speeds over 5000 rpm and require a direct connection to the PS.
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Other Components (continued)
    • Heat Sink Fan Assemblies (HFAs) (continued)
      • Primary HFA Suppliers (visible brands)
        • Aavid (www.aavid.com)
        • Alpha (www.alphanovatech.com)
        • Cooler Master (www.coolermaster.com)
        • Dynatron (www.dynatron-corp.com) - AMD PIB program
        • Global WIN (www.globalwin.com.tw)
        • Sanyo Denki (www.sanyo-denki.com) - Intel boxed program
        • TaiSol (www.taisol.com) - incl. heat pipe solutions
        • Thermaltake (www.thermaltake.com)
      • Fan noise level can be extreme – 50+ db(A).
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Other Components (continued)
    • Fans (Case Fans)
      • Typically NOT required.
      • If added (for extra cooling), the exhaust fan is the priority. An intake fan is optional (may make things worse if the air flow is not properly channeled).
      • Some overclockers use multiple intake and exhaust fans.
      • Size range – 60-120mm exhaust, 80-120mm intake.
      • Fan speeds vary from under 2000 rpm to over 4000 rpm.
      • Noise levels can be extreme – above 50 db(A)
      • Air flow can vary from under 20 to over 190 CFM.
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Other Components (continued)
    • Fans (Case Fans) (continued)
      • Primary Case Fan Suppliers (visible brands)
        • Delta (www.delta.com.tw)
        • emb/Papst (www.ebmpapst.us)
        • Sanyo Denki (www.sanyo-denki.com)
        • Sunon (www.sunonusa.com)
        • Top Motor (www.dynatron-corp.com)
        • YS Tech (www.yensun.com.tw)
      • NOTE: Because of the high power requirements of case fans, run them off the power supply, NOT the motherboard.
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Other Components (continued)
    • Keyboards
      • The primary text data input device for your system.
      • Selection is highly subjective – what feels good, has the right key spacing and size (enter key), and the extra features you want (Internet keys, etc.).
      • Typically use either a PS/2 or USB interface.
      • Wired and wireless – look for use of a single receiver with wireless combos (mouse and keyboard).
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Other Components (continued)
    • Keyboards (continued)
      • Primary Keyboard Suppliers (visible brands)
        • BTC (www.btcusa.com)
        • Chicony (www.chicony.com)
        • Fujitsu (www.fcai.fujitsu.com)
        • Key Tronic (www.keytronic.com)
        • Logitech (www.logitech.com)
        • Microsoft (www.microsoft.com)
        • Mitsumi (www.mitsumi.com)
        • NMB (www.nmbtech.com)
      • Hundreds of other brands. All suppliers have a wide range of models. Try before you buy!
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Other Components (continued)
    • Mice
      • The primary navigation device used within your operating system’s GUI (graphical user interface).
      • Ball, trackball, or optical movement sensing.
      • Wired or wireless – look for use of a single receiver with wireless combos (mouse and keyboard).
      • Like your keyboard, the selection is very subjective.
      • Speeds and button/wheel functions are adjustable within the OS and through utilities supplied with the product.
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Other Components (continued)
    • Mice (continued)
      • Primary Mouse Suppliers (visible brands)
        • Kensington (www.kensington.com)
        • Logitech (www.logitech.com)
        • Microsoft (www.microsoft.com)
      • There are hundreds of other suppliers.
      • Each supplier has a wide range of models. Try before you buy!
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Hardware News
    • Processors
      • AMD released the Athlon 64 and Athlon 64 FX processors – first 32/64-bit processors for desktop computers. Athlon 64 – 754-pin, 1MB L2 cache, integrated single-channel memory controller, 2.0GHz (3200+), $417 (1K). Athlon 64 FX – 940-pin, 1MB L2 cache, integrated dual-channel memory controller (requires registered SDRAM), 2.2GHz (-51), $733 (1K). Both support PC3200 (DDR400) memory and include the SSE2 instruction set.
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Hardware News
    • Processors (continued)
      • Intel released 2.7 and 2.8GHz Celeron processors - simple line extensions.
      • Intel released the Pentium 4 Extreme Edition – 3.2GHz with 2MB L3 cache, $925 (1K), very limited availability. Effectively an up-bin Xeon MP in a 478-pin package.
    • Core Logic (chipsets)
      • NVIDIA release the nForce3 MCP for AMD Athlon 64 & 64 FX processors – single-chip solution, integrated SATA controllers (up to 4 drives w/ external PHY for 2nd 2; RAID capable); integrated GbE MAC; integrated audio.
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Hardware News
    • Core Logic (chipsets) (continued)
      • SiS released the SiS760 “Northbridge” for AMD Athlon 64, 64 FX, and Opteron processors – integrated Ultra256 AGP 8X graphics solution.
      • SiS released the SiS655FX Northbridge for Intel Pentium 4 processors – includes support for dual-channel DDR400 (PC3200) SDRAM, 800MHz FSB processors.
      • SiS formally launches the SiSR659 Northbridge for Intel Pentium 4 processors – supports next-generation, quad-channel, PC1200 RDRAM (up to 9.6GB/sec bandwidth).
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Hardware News
    • Core Logic (chipsets) (continued)
      • VIA released the PT880 Northbridge for Intel Pentium 4 processors – supports dual-channel DDR400 (PC3200) SDRAM.
      • VIA released the K8T800 “Northbridge” for AMD Athlon 64, 64 FX, & Opteron processors – discrete AGP 8X graphics solution.
    • System RAM
      • Micron and others are sampling DDR2 SDRAM.
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Hardware News
    • Motherboards
      • ASUSTeK announced new boards based on ATI 9100 IGP, SiSR659, and VIA K8T800 chipsets.
      • Gigabyte announced new boards based on the NVIDIA nForce3, SiS655FX, and VIA K8T800 chipsets.
      • MSI announced new boards based on the VIA K8T800 chipset.
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Hardware News
    • Graphics Processors & Cards
      • ASUSTeK released ATI-based cards (first of tier one to sell both ATI and NVIDIA solutions) – cards based on RADEON 9800XT, 9600XT, 9600SE, and 9200SE GPUs.
      • ATI release the RADEON 9800 XT and 9600XT GPUs and associated cards – 9800XT w/ 256MB RAM ($499), 9600XT w/ 128MB RAM ($199).
      • Gigabyte released NVIDIA-based cards (second tier one to sell both ATI and NVIDIA solutions) – cards based on GeForce FX 5950 Ultra, 5700 Ultra, and earlier GPUs.
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Hardware News
    • Graphics Processors & Cards (continued)
      • Hercules released cards based on the ATI RADEON 9800XT, 9600XT, and 9600SE GPUs.
      • Leadtek released cards based on the NVIDIA GeForce FX 5950 Ultra, 5700 Ultra, and 5700 GPUs.
      • Matrox released the Parhelia HR256 for 9MP (mega-pixel) displays (3840x2400), PCI, 256MB RAM ($2495) and the “QID” for four (4) 1600x1200 DVI displays from a single card, AGP 8X, 128MB RAM ($TBD).
      • MSI released cards based on the NVIDIA GeForce FX 5950 Ultra and 5700 Ultra GPUs.
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Hardware News
    • Graphics Processors & Cards (continued)
      • NVIDIA released the GeForce FX 5950 Ultra and 5700 Ultra GPUs.
      • PNY released cards based on the NVIDIA GeForce FX 5950 Ultra and 5700 Ultra GPUs.
      • XGI (SiS graphics + Trident graphics) announced 6 mainstream through enthusiast GPU products. No card announcements from partners See www.xgitech.com.
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Hardware News
    • Hard Drives
      • Hitachi Deskstar 7K250 spec released – max internal transfer rate of 757Mb/sec (fastest of the large drives – 250GB).
      • Hitachi Ultrastar 15K73 released (when?) – 15K Ultra320 SCSI/FC; max 73GB; max internal transfer rate of 960Mb/sec (world’s fastest HDD), 5 year warranty.
      • Seagate announced Barracuda 7200.7 drives with 100GB/platter density; up to 200GB with 8MB cache, 3 year warranty.
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Hardware News (continued)
    • Hard Drives (continued)
      • Western Digital released 74GB Raptor drive – SATA/150, 10,000 rpm, max internal transfer rate of 816Mb/sec (fastest IDE/SATA), 5 year warranty.
    • Hard Drive Controllers
      • Highpoint released the RocketRAID 1820 SATA RAID controller – 8 ports; RAID 0, 1, 5, 10; PCI-X 64-bit/133MHz interface.
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Hardware News (continued)
    • Other Drives
      • ASUSTeK released a 52x32x52 CD-RW (CDW-5232AS), internal, ATAPI.
      • HP released two 8x4x12 +R/+RW DVD writers - dvd400i internal ATAPI & dvd400e external. The external provides both USB 2.0 & IEEE-1394 interfaces. No product listed on site.
      • Lite-On released an 8x4x12 +R/+RW DVD writer (LDW-811S), internal, ATAPI.
      • TDK released an 8x4x12 +R/+RW DVD writer (AID+840), internal, ATAPI.
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Hardware News (continued)
    • Sound processors & cards – nothing new
    • Modems & NICs – nothing new
    • Chassis & power supplies – nothing new
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Recap, Preview, and Close
    • Recap
    • Preview
      • Featured Topic for December 11, 2003 – Your New System (2003 Update): Planning Phase (the beginning of a five-meeting planning, sourcing, and hands-on assembly series)
    • Close (please police up the area)