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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG September 12, 2002 GSBUG Hardware Info SIG Agenda – September 12, 2002 7:00 – 7:05 Administration 7:05 – 8:15 Featured Topic – Other Components (Modems, NICs, Chassis, Power Supplies, HFAs, Fans, Keyboards, and Mice) 8:15 – 8:30 Hardware News

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gsbug hardware info sig

GSBUG Hardware Info SIG

September 12, 2002

gsbug hardware info sig2
GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Agenda – September 12, 2002
    • 7:00 – 7:05 Administration
    • 7:05 – 8:15 Featured Topic – Other Components (Modems, NICs, Chassis, Power Supplies, HFAs, Fans, Keyboards, and Mice)
    • 8:15 – 8:30 Hardware News
    • 8:30 – 8:55 Random Access (Q&A)
    • 8:55 – 9:00 Recap, Preview, and Close
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Administration
    • Welcome! Please Sign In.
    • What the SIG is…and is not.
      • Is – an information resource for computer users and potential computer users
      • Is NOT – a way to get your computer built or repaired (contact the GSBUG Daytime Hardware SIG)
    • Log – Random Access/Q&A (First Come…)
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Administration (continued):
    • Presentation materials will be posted at:

http://gsbug.apcug.org/hwinfosig.htm

    • Prior presentation materials are also posted.
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Other Components
    • These materials ONLY address mainstream, non-professional “components” used in or with IBM-compatible PCs.
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Other Components (continued)
    • Modems:
      • Internal (ISA or PCI card), external (serial and USB)
      • Typically 56Kbps (53Kbps downstream), V.90 or V.92 (ITU standard); typically includes faxing capability (14.4K)
      • V.92 adds:
        • Modem on Hold (suspends for voice after Call Waiting notice)
        • Quick Connect (remembers line conditions and bypasses parts of line “training” for faster connection)
        • V.PCM (up to 48Kbps upstream vs. up to 31.2Kbps; faster for online gaming, uploading files)
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Other Components (continued)
    • Primary Modem Suppliers (visible brands)
      • Best Data (www.bestdata.com)
      • Creative Labs (Modem Blaster) (www.americas.creative.com)
      • SONICblue (Supra) (www.sonicblue.com)
      • Jaton (www.jaton.com)
      • US Robotics (www.usr.com)
      • Zoom (www.zoom.com)
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Other Components (continued)
    • Network Interface “Cards” (NICs)
      • Primarily used to attach systems to a network. Also used to connect a system to a cable modem.
      • Integrated (onto the motherboard) or by adapter card (ISA or PCI) - 10baseT (Ethernet), 100baseT (Fast Ethernet), 10/100baseT, 1000baseT (Gigabit Ethernet), and 10/100/1000baseT. xxxxMbps (claims to 2000Mbps).
      • Wireless – adapter “card” (PCI card with PC Card interface) or USB interface to IEEE 802.11b client; 11/22Mbps (22Mbps using Packet Binary Convolutional Coding (PBCC).
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Other Components (continued)
    • Primary NIC Suppliers (visible brands)
      • Most motherboard manufacturers (using Intel, Realtek, or the chipset manufacturer’s integrated NIC)
      • 3Com (www.3com.com)
      • D-Link (www.d-link.com)
      • Intel (www.intel.com)
      • Linksys (www.linlsys.com)
      • NETGEAR (www.netgear.com)
      • SMC (www.smc.com)
      • US Robotics (www.usr.com)
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Other Components (continued)
    • Chassis
      • Typically used to mount:
        • Internally and externally accessible “drives” (floppy, hard drive, CD-ROM, CD-RW, DVD, ZIP, others)
        • The motherboard (w/ CPU and RAM)
        • “Adapter cards” – video, hard drive controller, sound, modem, NIC, specialty (USB, 1394, added serial or parallel, other special purpose)
        • Power supply(ies)
        • Cooling fan(s)
        • Internal cables of various types/uses.
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Other Components (continued)
    • Chassis (continued)
      • General, non-mobile chassis “types”:
        • “Desktop” (classically lays horizontally, monitor on top)
        • Tower – stands vertically; includes:
          • Small form factor (SFF) tower
          • MicroATX tower
          • Mid-tower
          • Full tower
          • Server tower – wide range
        • Rack-mount (pizza box shape; typically for servers)
      • “Interfaces Points” – rear (I/O shield), front
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Other Components (continued)
    • Chassis (continued)
      • Primary Chassis Suppliers (visible brands)
        • Addtronics (www.addtronics.com)
        • Aopen (www.aopen.com)
        • Chenbro Micom (www.chenbro.com)
        • Compucase (www.compucase.com.tw)
        • Enlight (www.enlightcorp.com)
        • In-Win (www.in-win.com.tw)
        • Min Maw (MMI) (www.minmaw.com)
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Other Components (continued)
    • Chassis (continued)
      • Primary Chassis Suppliers (visible brands, continued)
        • Supermicro (www.supermicro.com) - primarily for servers
        • Superpower (www.superpower.com)
        • Yeong Yang (www.yeongyang.com)
      • There are hundreds of other chassis suppliers.
      • FYI, Intel also builds chassis - for OEMs and SIs (system integrators) – typically only for servers (www.intel.com).
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Other Components (continued)
    • Power Supplies
      • Receives power “from the wall” and distributes it the motherboard and “drives”. Some older styles may also provide a connection for your monitor.
      • Typically a PS/2 form factor with an ATX or ATX12V interface to the motherboard.
      • Wattage from approximately 145 – 450+.
      • Server applications may include redundancy (N+1) and “hot-swap” capability.
      • Typically support 110/220v power source (via switch).
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Other Components (continued)
    • Power Supplies (continued)
      • Primary Power Supply Suppliers (visible brands)
        • Antec (www.antec-inc.com)
        • Delta (www.deltaww.com)
        • Enermax (www.enermax.com.tw)
        • Enhance (www.enhanceusa.com)
        • NMB (www.nmbtech.com)
        • PC Power & Cooling (www.pcpowercooling.com)
        • Seasonic (www.seasonic.com)
        • Sparkle (Fortron/Source) (www.sparklepower.com)
        • Topower (www.topower.com)
      • The are hundreds of other brands.
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Other Components (continued)
    • Heat Sink Fan Assemblies (HFAs)
      • Used to remove heat from (cool) your CPU.
      • The fan typically receives power from the motherboard.
      • Most modern motherboards have a sensor to monitor operation of the fan – alarm if set to do so in the BIOS.
      • Included with “boxed processors”.
      • The heat sink is typically aluminum – exotics may be copper or include a copper base.
      • Fan may have sleeve or ball bearings – ball is preferred.
      • Ultra-high-performance fans may run at speeds over 5000 rpm and require a direct connection to the PS.
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Other Components (continued)
    • Heat Sink Fan Assemblies (HFAs) (continued)
      • Primary HFA Suppliers (visible brands)
        • Aavid (www.aavid.com)
        • Alpha (www.alphanovatech.com)
        • Cooler Master (www.coolermaster.com)
        • Dynatron (www.dynatron-corp.com) - AMD PIB program
        • Global WIN (www.globalwin.com.tw)
        • Sanyo Denki (www.sanyodenki.co.jp) - Intel boxed program
        • TaiSol (www.taisol.com) - incl. heat pipe solutions
        • Thermaltake (www.thermaltake.com)
      • Fan noise level can be extreme – 50+ db(A).
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Other Components (continued)
    • Fans (Case Fans)
      • Typically NOT required.
      • If added (for extra cooling), the exhaust fan is the priority. An intake fan is optional (may make things worse if the air flow is not properly channeled).
      • Some overclockers use multiple intake and exhaust fans.
      • Size range – 60-120mm exhaust, 80-120mm intake.
      • Fan speeds vary from under 2000 rpm to over 4000 rpm.
      • Noise levels can be extreme – above 50 db(A)
      • Air flow can be vary from under 20 to over 190 CFM.
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Other Components (continued)
    • Fans (Case Fans) (continued)
      • Primary Case Fan Suppliers (visible brands)
        • Delta (www.deltaww.com)
        • emb/Papst (www.emb.com)
        • Sanyo Denki (www.sanyodenki.co.jp)
        • Sunon (www.sunon.com.tw)
        • Top Motor (www.dynatron-corp.com)
        • YS Tech (www.ystech.com.tw)
      • NOTE: Because of the high power requirements of case fans, run them off the power supply, NOT the motherboard.
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Other Components (continued)
    • Keyboards
      • The primary text data input device for your system.
      • Selection is highly subjective – what feels good, has the right key spacing and size (enter key), and the extra features you want (Internet keys, etc.).
      • Typically use either a PS/2 or USB interface.
      • Wired and wireless – look for use of a single receiver with wireless combos (mouse and keyboard).
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Other Components (continued)
    • Keyboards (continued)
      • Primary Keyboard Suppliers (visible brands)
        • BTC (www.btcusa.com)
        • Chicony (www.chicony.com)
        • Fujitsu (www.fujitsu.com)
        • Key Tronic (www.keytronic.com)
        • Logitech (www.logitech.com)
        • Microsoft (www.microsoft.com)
        • Mitsumi (www.mitsumi.com)
        • NMB (www.nmbtech.com)
      • Hundreds of other brands. All suppliers have a wide range of models. Try before you buy!
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Other Components (continued)
    • Mice
      • The primary navigation device used within your operating system’s GUI (graphical user interface).
      • Ball, trackball, or optical.
      • Wired or wireless – look for use of a single receiver with wireless combos (mouse and keyboard).
      • Like your keyboard, the selection is very subjective.
      • Speeds and button/wheel functions are adjustable within the OS and through utilities supplied with the product.
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Other Components (continued)
    • Mice (continued)
      • Primary Mouse Suppliers (visible brands)
        • Kensington (www.kensington.com)
        • Logitech (www.logitech.com)
        • Microsoft (www.microsoft.com)
      • There are hundreds of other suppliers.
      • Each supplier has a wide range of models. Try before you buy!
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Hardware News
    • Processors
      • AMD released the Athlon XP 2400+ (2.0GHz) and 2600+ (2.13GHz) – simple desktop line extensions; Thoroughbred core, .13 micron. AMD also released the Athlon MP 2200+ (1.8GHz) for servers and workstations – first based on the Thoroughbred core, .13 micron.
      • Intel released four Pentium 4 processors - 2.5GHz/400MHz FSB, 2.6GHz/400MHz FSB, 2.66GHz/533MHz FSB and 2.8GHz/533MHz FSB. Simple line extensions.
      • Major price drops from both AMD and Intel.
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Hardware News (continued)
    • Core Logic (chipsets)
      • SiS released (when?) the SiS746 Northbridge for AMD processors - 266MHz FSB, 333MHz memory bus, max 3GB RAM, AGP 8X. Also released (when?) the SiS963 Southbridge – same spec as 962 with faster NB-to-SB bus.
      • VIA announced the KT400 (VT8368) Northbridge for AMD processors – 266MHz FSB, 333MHz memory bus, max 4GB RAM, AGP 8X (basically the KT333 with AGP 8X).
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Hardware News
    • System RAM – nothing new
    • Motherboards
      • Gigabyte released the GA-7VAXP – VIA KT400/8235 chipset, max 3GB PC2700 DDR SDRAM (DDR333), AGP 8X, ATA/133 plus Promise ATA/133 RAID, LAN,1394, USB 2.0, and 6 channel AC97 audio.
    • Graphics processors & cards
      • Gigabyte and Hercules announce ATI RADEON 9700 PRO-based video cards. FIC, Gigabyte, Tyan and others announce ATI RADEON 9000 PRO-based cards. Creative 9700 card reviewed but not yet released.
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Hardware News (continued)
    • Hard Drives
      • Maxtor announced 80GB/platter drives (DiamondMax 9 and 16 series) – from 60-160GB, 7200 rpm, ATA/133, optional 8MB cache. Also announced shipments of SATA/150 versions starting in December. Detail specs not available.
      • Maxtor announced that effective October 1, 2002 the standard warranty for desktop drives drops from three (3) years to one (1) year.
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Hardware News (continued)
    • Hard Drive Controllers
      • 3ware announced the Escalade 8500 series SATA/150 RAID controller in 4, 8 and 12 port configurations; includes RAID 5 support.
      • Adaptec announced the 2120S single-channel and 2200S dual-channel Ultra320 SCSI RAID controllers for servers and workstations.
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Hardware News (continued)
    • Other Drives
      • Iomega released a 750MB version of its ZIP drive - USB 2.0 interface (IEEE-1394 and ATAPI to follow); up to 7.5MB/sec transfer rate (press release). Spec not posted.
      • Plextor released PlexWriter 48/24/48A (ATAPI) and 48/24/48U (USB 2.0) CD-RW drives; 4MB buffer.
    • Sound processors & cards
      • Hercules released the Fortissimo III 7.1 sound card – supports 1 center, 2 front, 2 rear, 2 Surround, and 1 sub-woofer; based on the Crystal CS4624 sound processor.
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Hardware News (continued)
    • Modems & NICs – nothing new
    • Chassis & power supplies – nothing new
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Random Access (Q&A)
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GSBUG Hardware Info SIG
  • Recap, Preview, and Close
    • Recap
    • Preview
      • Featured Topic for October 10, 2002 – Your New System: Planning Phase
    • Close (please police up the area)