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Agricultural Production in Australia. Tom Loynachan January 30, 2008. Agriculture in Australia Overview of production. Climate Soils Crops Livestock. Agriculture in Australia.

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agricultural production in australia

Agricultural Production in Australia

Tom Loynachan

January 30, 2008

agriculture in australia
Agriculture in Australia
  • Agriculture industries in Australia comprise wide variety of crops, horticulture, viticulture, dairy, fiber, fisheries and livestock
agriculture in australia4
Agriculture in Australia
  • Country is slightly smaller than the US contiguous 48 states
  • 3% of Australia’s Gross Domestic Product comes from agriculture
  • 80% of all agricultural production is exported
  • Australia remains the world's leading producer of wool, regularly supplying nearly one-third of the global total
slide6

Melbourne:

370 47’ S

Springfield, MO:

370 13’ N

slide11
Irrigation in Australia is a widespread and required in many areas for production of crops for domestic and export use.
slide12
The gross value of irrigated agricultural production represents around a quarter (23%) of the gross value of agricultural commodities produced in Australia in 2004-05, on less than 1% of agricultural land. Common crops produced using irrigation include rice, cotton, canola, sugar, various fruits and other tree crops and pasture, hay and grain for use in beef and dairy production.
slide13
Australian Rice Crop at Record Low
  • December 04, 2007
  • AUSTRALIA'S rice crop is predicted to be the smallest on record due to the long-running drought, while cotton production is set to hit a 30-year low, the chief commodity forecaster said Tuesday.
slide14
Australia Looks to GM Crops after Scorching 2007by Staff WritersSydney (AFP) Jan 3, 2008
  • Australia's agriculture minister on Thursday hailed genetically modified crops as a means to help farmers combat climate change, as data showed 2007 was the country's sixth hottest year on record.
soils
Soils
  • One of the greatest natural resources. I include soils developed on a wide range of rock types and under climatic conditions varying from the alpine zones of south-eastern Australia and Tasmania, through the Mediterranean zones of southern and south-western Australia and the wet and dry tropics of Queensland, to the very low rainfall areas of the center.
wheat
Wheat
  • Australian wheat is a major competitor of US wheat exports
  • Production concentrated in a narrow crescent know as the wheat belt, which receives approximately 400 to 600 mm average annual rainfall
  • Grown as a ‘winter’ crop (autumn-winter-spring), often in rotation with some form of pasture
slide23
Virtually all rainfed
  • Wheat crop normally averaged 25 m tonnes (2nd to USA)
  • 2007 9.8 m tonnes

1 metric tonne:

= 1000 kg

= a megagram (Mg)

= 2205 lbs

barley
Barley
  • Produced same areas as wheat
  • 60% feed barley, 40% malting barley
  • >80% of malting barley exported (30% of world trade)

Barley has 3 major end uses:

Feed grain - it is a preferred grain for many feedlots and stockfeed manufacturers.Malt barley - for the production of beer and other foodstuffs.Forage - for grazing, hay or silage.

slide26
Australia cultivates an abundance of nuts, vegetables, and many tropical fruits, including:
  • Bananas
  • Apples
  • Potatoes
  • Carrots
  • Pineapple
  • Orange
  • Mango
  • Chestnuts
  • Tomatoes
beef industry
Beef Industry
  • Biggest agricultural enterprise
  • >60% exported mainly to:
    • United States
    • Japan
  • Benefitted recently because does not have mad cow disease
breeds
Breeds
  • http://www.yf-agrivet.com.hk/english_site/livestk_prod.htm
slide30

Tropical breeds in north; temperate breeds in south

In north, large cattle stations,

grazing on native

pastures at low stocking

In south, more intensive grazing

on smaller farms with

introduced pastures and fodder crops

Pasture fed dominates but feedlots rapidly developing

dairy
Dairy
  • Dairy products are Australia's fourth most valuable agricultural export
  • Not heavy regulation today…which has changed over the last 30 years
  • Asia and Middle East are prime markets
slide32
Pork
  • Produce about 5 million pigs annually
  • 0.4% of world production
  • Important for local employment and consumption
fisheries
Fisheries
  • About 1/3 of value from aquaculture (farming of aquatic organisms), which has been steadily rising
  • Main seafood exports include rock lobsters, prawns, tuna, and shellfish