The Fall of Rome. Rome was at the peak of its power from the beginning of Augustus’s rule in 27 B.C. to A.D. 180. For 207 years, peace reigned throughout the empire, except for some fighting with tribes along the borders. . The Pax Romana.
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Rome was at the peak of its power from the beginning of Augustus’s rule in 27 B.C. to A.D. 180. For 207 years, peace reigned throughout the empire, except for some fighting with tribes along the borders.The PaxRomana
This period of peace and prosperity is known as the PaxRomana“Roman peace.”
Augustus stabilized the frontier, glorified Rome with splendid public buildings, and created a system of government that survived for centuries.
The Romans managed to control an empire that by the second century A.D. reached from Spain to Mesopotamia, from North Africa to Britain. Included in its provinces were people of many languages, cultures, and customs.After Augustus died in A.D. 14, the system of government that he established maintained the empire’s stability.
Agriculture was the most important industry in the empire. All else depended on it.
In Augustus’s time, a silver coin called a denarius was in use throughout the empire. Having common coinage made trade between different parts of the empire much easier.
The PaxRomana, which made travel and the exchange of ideas fairly safe, provided the ideal conditions for Christianity to spread.
In 313 c.e., Constantine announced an end to the persecution of Christians.
Historians generally agree that the end of the reign of the emperor Marcus Aurelius (A.D. 161–180) marked the end of two centuries of peace and prosperity known as the PaxRomana. The rulers that followed in the next century had little or no idea of how to deal with the giant empire and its growing problems. As a result, Rome began to decline.Fall of Rome
Hostile tribes outside the boundaries of the empire and pirates on the Mediterranean Sea disrupted trade.
By the third century A.D., the Roman military was also in disarray. Over time, Roman soldiers in general had become less disciplined and loyal.
Diocletian believed that the empire had grown too large and too complex for one ruler.
In 324 Constantine also secured control of the East, thus restoring the concept of a single ruler.
With Byzantium as its capital, the center of power in the empire shifted from Rome to the east.
Since the days of Julius Caesar, Germanic peoples had gathered on the northern borders of the empire and coexisted in relative peace with Rome.
the Huns, who were indirectly responsible for the Germanic assault on the empire, became a direct threat.
The Huns then swept into the West. In 452 C.E., Attila’s forces advanced against Rome, but bouts of famine and disease kept them from conquering the city.
1. Octavian, better known as Augustus, became the first Roman emperor in 27 B.C.
2. Reorganization of the empire by Augustus introduced a 200-year period of peace, called the PaxRomana.
3. During the PaxRomana, trade increased, and Roman law became standardized.
4. During the PaxRomana, about one million people lived in Rome, where they suffered from such problems as overcrowding, pollution, crime, and unemployment.
5. Whether rich or poor, most Roman children went to school until age 12.
6. The Roman government staged free public games to entertain the people.
7. Reasons for the fall of Rome include the lack of a formal rule for inheriting the throne, inflation, and attacks by Germanic invaders.
8. Despite efforts by Diocletian and Con- stantine I to save the empire, Rome fell to Germanic invaders in 410 A.D.