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The Fall of Rome. The Fall of Rome. For centuries after the rule of its first emperor, begun in 27 B.C., the Roman Empire was the most powerful state in the ancient world. Rome continued to expand to include 3 continents: Asia, Europe, and Africa. Roman Empire Expansion.

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the fall of rome1
The Fall of Rome

For centuries after the rule of its first emperor, begun in 27 B.C., the Roman Empire was the most powerful state in the ancient world. Rome continued to expand to include 3 continents: Asia, Europe, and Africa.

many factors cause the decline of rome
Many factors cause the decline of Rome

By the second century, the Roman Empire seemed indestructible. Yet, by the end of the fifth century it had collapsed. Rome did not fall instantly.

Instead the empire went through a long

slow decline. Many conditions caused the fall of Rome including internal (inside) and external (outside) forces.

the fall of rome2
Internal Forces

3 Main Categories:

Political

Economic

Social

External Forces

- Invaders, also called barbarians

The Fall of Rome
political
Political
  • Corruption in government
  • Plebeians had no rights
  • Empire too large to control
  • Emperors plotted against each other for control instead of uniting
  • Civil wars
  • Government lost loyalty as patricians moved to villas and stopped caring about government
  • Army deteriorates
economic
Economic
  • Slavery
  • Unemployment
  • Welfare system
  • Taxation
  • Forced labor
  • Decrease in trade
social
Social
  • Christianity
  • Loss of citizen’s confidence and loyalty
  • Population declines
  • Hierarchical classes
  • Too many cultures
  • Bread and circuses
  • Plague
external forces1
External Forces

Invaders, also called barbarians, began to invade in the 3rd century. Germanic tribes from northern Europe crossed the Roman frontier and invaded Greece, Italy, Spain, and coastal areas of Asia Minor. The warmer climate, rich farmlands, and wealth of the Roman lands attracted the Germanic tribes. By the 5th century, the Roman Empire was overrun by barbarians.

the fall of rome3
The Fall of Rome

Once the Roman army could no longer defend its borders, Germanic tribes began pouring into Europe. One Roman province fell after another. In 476 A.D., the Western Roman emperor was overthrown. Odoacer was then proclaimed king of Italy. The ancient world was drawing to a close.

works cited
Works Cited

Slide 3- http://darkwing.uoregon.edu/~atlas/europe/interactive/map26.html

Slide 4 map of roman empire atlas book

Slide 8- www.romanempire.net/graphics/senate.gif

Slide 9- http://myron.sjsu.edu/romeweb/economy/economy.htm

Slide 10- www.roman-empire.net/graphics/gladiator.gif

Slide 11- http://darkwing.uoregon.edu/~atlas/europe/interactive/map31.html

Slide 12- www.roman-empire.net/graphics/small-cannae.gif

Slide 14- http://darkwing.uoregon.edu/~atlas/europe/interactive/map21.html

Slide16- http://www.geocities.com/Athens/Forum/6946/images/diocletian3.jpg

Slide 17- http://www.doser.org/his9/ancient_rome_pics/4.jpg-

Slide 18- odoacer

Slide 19-

http://encarta.msn.com/find/MediaMax.asp?pg=3&ti=00566000&idx=461515441

attila 3 of them

Slide 20- http://www.roman-emperors.org/constai.jpg