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The Development of IGCC, Co-production and CCS in China. Xiao, Yunhan Head, The National Joint Expert Group for IGCC and Co-Production Demonstration Engineering of China Director General, Research Center for Energy and Power, CAS Vice President, Nanjing Branch, CAS Presented at

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slide1

The Development of IGCC, Co-production and CCS in China

Xiao, Yunhan

Head, The National Joint Expert Group for IGCC and Co-Production Demonstration Engineering of China

Director General, Research Center for Energy and Power, CAS

Vice President, Nanjing Branch, CAS

Presented at

2009 U.S.-China Coal Conversion and Carbon Management Workshop

West Virginia University

Morgantown West Virginia, USA

December 3-4, 2009

contents
Contents

Challenges and a Solution

The Evolution of IGCC/Co-production/CCS in China

Clean Energy Innovation Park Project in Lianyungang

International Collaboration

2

real facts for challenges
Real Facts for Challenges

Conventional oil & gas… not enough resources?

Coal… not enough atmosphere?

Biomass… not enough land?

Wind & hydro… not enough good sites?

Photovoltaics… too expensive?

Nuclear fission… too unforgiving?

Nuclear fusion… too difficult?

Hydrogen… energy to make it? means to store it?

End-use efficiency… not enough smart end users

No “silver bullet” for challenges

real facts
Real facts
  • More than ever, to be the end, It's got to be coal
  • To 2050, 100B tce coal will have to be consumed, of which coal for power will be increased by 70%
  • Direct combustion results in serious emissions
    • 70%-80% regional emissions
    • Very difficult to combat CO2
slide6

IGCCS Solution

Coal to chemical

Fuel/Chemical Production

Coal

(biomass, waste)

Fuel

Chemical

Cleanup

conditioning

gasification

Material and energy exchange

IGCC

electricity

CS

Combined Cycles

vs. PC (SOx,NOx,PM2.5,Hg, CO2)?

  • IGCC is ultra clean and efficient coal power, and the low cost path to combat CO2
  • IGCC co-producing clean fuels, chemicals and materials to make efficiency, economics and emissions breakthrough limited by individual industry
  • IGCC improve the efficiency, availability and economics of chemicals production
  • Co-production improve the load-following, economics and efficiency of IGCC
  • Flexible feedstock and products
slide7

Chemicals

Fuel

CTL

Air

Combined

cycle

Electricity

Gas

Turbine

HRSG

Steam

Turbine

Nitrogen

ASU

IGCC

Oxygen

Coal

Gasification

Co-production

Syngas

Electricity

FC

Shift

H2

Separation

Clean

up

Zero

emissions

Heat

recovery

H2

Sulfur

Recovery

Sulfur

CO2

The solution– IGCC/Co-production/CCS

NG

investment in power industry
Investment in power industry

According to IEA projection, China will invest 3600 billion US dollars in energy infrastructure from 2006—2030, three fourths of which will invest in power sector, 2700 billion US dollars

International cooperation between CAS and McKinsey Company

Goal: to transform the global energy and environmental landscape through a joint China-U.S. collaboration of unprecedented scale and scope

IGCC+CCS is the primary focus

If IGCC installed capacity would reach 880 GW with CO2 capture rate 85% by 2050, CO2 would reduce 3.1 billion tons, incremental investment is 360 billion US dollars than conventional power plant

8

iea energy technology perspective 2008
IEA Energy Technology Perspective 2008
  • IGCC installed capacity would be up to 100 GW by 2030 and to 550 GW by 2050, if CO2 emissions return to 2005 levels by 2050
  • CO2 emissions would reduce 0.66 billion tonnes per year by 2050
  • From 2005 to 2030, RDD&D investment cost of China and India would reach 50~60 USD billion
  • From 2030 to 2050, commercial investment cost of China and India would reach 120~130 USD billion

RDD&DInv. CostUSD bn

2005-2030

CommercialInv. CostUSD bn2030-2050

contents10
Contents

Challenges and a Solution

The Evolution of IGCC/Co-production/CCS in China

Clean Energy Innovation Park Project in Lianyungang

International Collaboration

10

the evolution of co production igcc in china
The Evolution of Co-production/IGCC in China

Development

IGCC and co-production

Yankuang 60MW IGCC/co-production

863 key project– Co-Production

863

Knowledge Innovation Engineering

The U.S. and PRC Expert Report

973

863

Yantai IGCC

200-400MW

95 Gongguan

6 ministry leading

Suzhou

IGCC Pilot

85 Gongguan

4 ministry level institutions leading

1980

1985

1990

1995

2000

2005

2010

Year

11

igcc co production breakthrough
IGCC/Co-Production Breakthrough
  • 2×1150 TPD new style slurry fed, entrained bed
  • 60MWe syngas-fired CC
  • Total investment: 1580 million RMB
  • Put into commercial operation since May of 2006

12

slide13
The efficiency of coproduction plant reaches 57.16%, 3.14 percentage point higher than independent production system

The capability of methanol production exceeds 25% of the same independent production

The utilization of 750 thousand tons of high sulfur coal per year

Operational status of Yankuang Demonstration Project

13

13

availability reliability and economics
Availability, Reliability and Economics

Availability=Online Time/Yearly time

Reliability=Online Time/(Yearly Time-Planned Down Time)

14

igccs roadmap in china
IGCCS Roadmap in China
  • Overall goal
    • To form the clusters of advanced coal technologies, support the development of China’s energy equipment manufacturing industry, and achieve the efficient, clean, and affordable use of coal.
  • Stage goal
    • 2010—
      • RD&D of key technologies
      • Commercial demonstration of IGCC power plant
      • Demonstration of coal gasification based co-production of oil and power
igccs roadmap in china16
IGCCS Roadmap in China
  • Stage goal
    • 2015—
      • At least 3 demonstration plants of coal gasification based co-production of oil and power (300MWe,1 million tons of fuels and chemicals)
      • The pilot plant of hydrogen and power Co-production with the near zero emissions of CO2
    • 2020—
      • Installed capacity of IGCC to reach 20 GWe~100 GWe
      • Clean fuel (Synthetic oil, SNG, Methanol, DME) and chemicals substitute directly and indirectly 55 million tons of crude oil on annual basis
      • Demonstration of hydrogen and power Co-production with the near zero emissions of CO2
slide18

1 Million t/a CTL and IGCC Co-Production

Yankuang Group Project

Coal Mine

160 Kt/a CTL and IGCC Co-Production

Shanxi Lu’an Group Project

Coal Mine

250MW IGCC

Huaneng Group Project

Bohai Rim

120MW(Retrofit) & 4X200MW IGCC

Dongguan Electricity and Chemical Industry Ltd. Project

Pearl River Delta

200MW IGCC

Huadian Group Project

Yangtze River Delta

18

contents19
Contents

Challenges and a Solution

The Evolution of IGCC/Co-production/CCS in China

Clean Energy Innovation Park Project in Lianyungang

International Collaboration

19

slide20

Research Center for Energy and Power

IGCCS Facilities

System Facilities for R&D of

IGCC, Co-production and CCS Technologies

demonstration of integrated clean energy iron steel and petrochemical plant in lianyungang
Demonstration of Integrated Clean Energy, Iron & Steel, and Petrochemical Plant in Lianyungang

The Standing Committee of State Council endorsed “The development plan for Jiangsu coastland” on June 10th, 2009.

‘Actively support the collaboration on energy and power between Jiangsu Province and CAS, and build clean energy innovation park.’

21

clean energy innovation park project
Clean Energy Innovation Park Project

Advanced IGCC 1200MW

650~700℃ USC 2x1300MW

High temperature thermal solar power 10MW

Co-generation (heat, power, cooling)

Co-production (SNG 5.38×108 Nm3, liquids, hydrogen)

CO2 capture for EOR and sequestration demo

Inherent Cyclical Economy by integrating with oil refinery & chemicals, and iron & steel as well

Located in Clean Energy Innovation Industrial Park in Lianyungang, Jiangsu Province

22

slide23

CO2 field

CO2 treatment

CO2 storage and transport

Oil extraction

CO2 injection

contents24
Contents

Challenges and a Solution

The Evolution of IGCC/Co-production/CCS in China

Clean Energy Innovation Park Project in Lianyungang

International Collaboration

24

policy study
Policy Study

Linking Climate Policy with Development Strategy in Brazil, China and India by the William and Flora Hewlett Foundation

IGCC policy study by Energy Foundation

The Path to Near-Zero Emissions Coal-Fired Power Generation Technology in China by Energy Foundation

Promoting the Development of Concentrated Solar Power (CSP) Technology in China by Energy Foundation

Advantages, Barriers and Strategies Study on Gasification-Based Co-Production by NRDC

Roadmap for the Development of Coal Gasification-Based Co-Production Technologies in China by NRDC

25

cooperation among netl pnnl and cas
Cooperation among NETL, PNNL and CAS
  • Establish joint RD&D to advance the clean fossil energy technologies
  • Technical areas:
    • High volume CO2 capture and sequestration
    • Advanced gasification and gas turbine
    • Advanced syngas conversion
2009 joint workshop on promoting the development and deployment of igcc co production ccs
2009'Joint Workshop on Promoting the Development and Deployment of IGCC/Co-production/CCS

Convened by:

Department of High and New Technology Development and Industrialization, MOST

Bureau of High Technology Research and Development, CAS

Organized by:

the Energy Technology Innovation Policy research group, Harvard Kennedy School

CEP, CAS

the National Joint Expert Group for IGCC and Co-Production Demonstration Engineering of China

Participants:

Ministry of Science and Technology, CAS, Local governments, Academia, Manufacturers, Engineering companies, Power companies, Coal companies

27

27

slide28

The Context for Advanced Coal and CCS in the United States and China

John P. Holdren

Assistant to the President for Science and Technology and Director, Office of Science and Technology Policy Executive Office of the President of the United States

Presentation for the Workshop on China-US Cooperation on Coal Harvard Kennedy School ▪ 16 April 2009

key conclusions
Key conclusions
  • The fast path to deployment of advanced coal technologies is only possible with the help of international cooperation.
  • Cooperation between the USA and China is the most important part of this.
  • The current state of this cooperation is that it is quite extensive “on paper” (MOUs), but not enough is happening “on the ground”.
  • The Harvard-MOST-CAS collaboration can make a big contribution by helping define the specific activities that now should be added.
slide30
Ideas for Sino-U.S. Cooperation on Advanced Coal and CCS Technology and Policy for Formalizing Joint Platform to Push Innovation

Explore the idea of co-financing joint demonstration of commercial-scale IGCC and Co-Production in China

Assess the adaptability of certain advanced technologies

Joint R&D of IGCC and CCS among national laboratories of two countries

Establish at least two large-scale joint carbon sequestration demonstration projects

Arrange a study tour of selected U.S. carbon sequestration demonstration sites for Chinese researchers

Carbon storage capacity assessments

Develop mechanisms for sharing RD facilities

Technology

Policy research on effective policies for IGCC/Co-Production/CCS demonstration deployment

Study the efficiency of current U.S.-China energy cooperation, and how to improve it

Policy research on legal issues related to demonstration and early deployment of CCS in the United States compared with China

Study on suitability of policy harmonization

Joint Workshop on Sequestration RD&D Policy

Gather, standardize, and share data on government investments in energy research, development, demonstration, and deployment

Study of barriers to technology transfer for coal gasification, co-production, and CCS

Policy

Education

Continue and expand CAS-MOST-Harvard annual workshops

Student and faculty fellowships for exchanges

30

slide31

Thank you for your attention!

xiao_yh@mail.etp.ac.cn