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Carbon Dioxide Capture and Storage (CCS) in China. Scale of Emission Reduction Challenge. China is world's largest CO 2 emitter China accounts for 24% of global energy related CO 2 emissions, US for 21%, EU-15 for 12%. Importance of Coal for China.

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Presentation Transcript
scale of emission reduction challenge
Scale of Emission Reduction Challenge
  • China is world's largest CO2 emitter
  • China accounts for 24% of global energy related CO2 emissions, US for 21%, EU-15 for 12%
importance of coal for china
Importance of Coal for China
  • Coal accounts for nearly 70% of China's energy needs
  • China has the second largest domestic coal reserves in the world
  • Rapid growth in power sector and industrial sector such as steel are the main drivers of increasing coal use
current efforts to reduce dependence on coal in china
Current Efforts to reduce dependence on coal in China
  • Focus is on improving energy efficiency and promoting renewables and other alternative technologies
  • Key targets and requirements determined by Chinese Government:
    • target to reduce coal in energy mix below 60%
    • requirement that 15% of total energy should come from renewables by 2020 (including Renewable Energy Law)
    • target of 40 GW of nuclear power by 2020 (up from 6.6 GW in 2005)
    • requirement that all new large power plants use high efficiency super-critical coal-fired technology
    • expected improvement in coal power generation efficiency – from 32% in 2000 to 39% in 2030
coal based power generation technology in china
Coal based Power Generation Technology in China

Source: IEA analysis based on data obtained from industry experts

* Indicates current efficiency. Improvements are expected in the future

→ current power Generation is based on the least efficient, cheapest technology

potential role of energy efficiency renewables in reducing china s emissions from coal
Potential role of energy efficiency + renewables in reducing China's emissions from Coal

Even with strong policy incentives for energy efficiency, renewables and other low carbon technologies, coal will remain a major part of China's energy mix until at least 2030:

Source: IEA World Energy Outlook 2007

current activity on ccs in china
Current activity on CCS in China
  • Ministry of Science and Technology is developing a long-term CCS R&D strategy
  • Current activities are focused on small, standalone demonstration projects, focus on pre-combustion (IGCC) options
  • International cooperation projects with USA, Australia, Japan, Canada and EU
three broad strategic options for future eu china ccs cooperation
Three broad strategic options for future EU-China CCS cooperation
  • Option 1: A stand alone demonstration plant
  • Option 2: large-scale project closely aligned with EU demonstration programme
  • Option 3: Broader CCS initiative covering other industrial applications and wider infrastructure investment
key factors with significant influence on the future of ccs
Key factors with significant influence on the future of CCS

1. Location and adequacy of CO2 storage sites (see map)

2. Development of a regulatory framework for CCS in China

3. Intellectual Property Rights (IPR) framework for CCS initiatives

Source: APEC (2005) Assessment of Geological Storage Potential of Carbon Dioxide in the APEC Region - Phase 1

opportunities for progress
Opportunities for Progress
  • UNFCCC and multilateral financing mechanisms
  • Other European financing possibilities
  • Possible G8 CCS Initiative
further information
Further information

This presentation is based on the briefing paper "CCS in China" prepared by E3G:

Further information on CCS (in German):

Further information on climate protection (in English):


Published by: Germanwatch

Edited by: Anne Koch, Qian Cheng, Dr. Gerold Kier, Dr. Manfred Treber

With financial support from:

Responsibility for the contents of this publication rests with Germanwatch

May 2009