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Pauline Epistles. Struck To The Ground. Opening Prayer.

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pauline epistles

Pauline Epistles

Struck To The Ground

opening prayer
Opening Prayer

If I speak in human and angelic tongues but do not have love, I am a resounding gong or a clashing cymbal. And if I have the gift of prophecy and comprehend all mysteries and all knowledge; if I have all faith so as to move mountains but do not have love, I am nothing.

If I give away everything I own, and if I hand my body over so that I may boast but do not have love, I gain nothing. Love is patient, love is kind. It is not jealous, (love) is not pompous, it is not inflated, it is not rude, it does not seek its own interests, it is not quick-tempered, it

does not brood over injury, it does not rejoice over wrongdoing but rejoices with the truth. It bears all things, believes all things, hopes all things, endures all things.

Love never fails. If there are prophecies, they will be brought to nothing; if tongues, they will cease; if knowledge, it will be brought to nothing. For we know partially and we prophesy partially, but when the perfect comes, the partial will pass away. When I was a child, I used to talk as a child, think as a child, reason as a child; when I became a man, I put aside childish things. At present we see indistinctly, as in a mirror, but then face to face. At present I know

partially; then I shall know fully, as I am fully known. So faith, hope, love remain, these three; but the greatest of these is love.

1 Corinthians Chapter 13

st paul
St. Paul
  • Not just the stories of Jesus but the theology of Jesus.
  • Paul concentrates on the next phase of the Church, predating the Gospels.
  • Paul provides foundational material for the Catholic Church; earliest written record of the early Church
who was paul
Who was Paul
  • Saul: Roman Official, Jew, Persecutor of Christians
  • Well respected in the Jerusalem temple until his conversion
  • Jesus blinded him on the road to Damascus (Acts Chapter 9)
conversion
Conversion

As he neared Damascus on his journey, suddenly a light from heaven flashed around him. He fell to the ground and heard a voice say to him, "Saul, Saul, why do you persecute me?""Who are you, Lord?" Saul asked."I am Jesus, whom you are persecuting," he replied. "Now get up and go into the city, and you will be told what you must do."The men traveling with Saul stood there speechless; they heard the sound but did not see anyone. Saul got up from the ground, but when he opened his eyes he could see nothing. So they led him by the hand into Damascus. For three days he was blind, and did not eat or drink anything.

– Acts 9:3-9

paul s importance
Paul’s Importance
  • Due to St. Paul being a Roman Citizen, he had access and safe passage and could be heard in Roman court
  • The Jews that were persecuting Christians could not punish or hinder him
  • Citizenship allowed for un-fettered access to all of the early Catholic Churches from Jerusalem to Rome
pauline epistles1
Pauline Epistles
  • Like Prophets: in order of size not time or importance!
  • Some to communities, some to individuals.
  • Romans
  • 1st Corinthians
  • 2nd Corinthians
  • Galatians
  • Ephesians
  • Philippians
  • Colossians
  • 1st Thessalonians
  • 2nd Thessalonians
  • First Timothy
  • Second Timothy
  • Titus
  • Philemon
themes of the epistle
Themes of the Epistle
  • Themes throughout:
    • Salvation
    • Hope
    • Church (ecclesiology)
    • Christian lifestyle
    • Christology
  • They give us great insights into the early communities and an understanding of how the Early Church understood the message that had been imparted to them
pauline epistles2
Pauline Epistles
  • Start of the historical record of the Catholic Church (earlier than Acts)
    • Standardization of doctrine/behavior/theology
    • Inter-Church Communication
    • Describes how operationally the Church works
  • For the sake of overview; focus on 4 books:
    • Romans
    • 1st Corinthians
    • 2nd Corinthians
    • Ephesians
why write it down
Why Write It Down?
  • Visits by Paul to the remote churches were few and far between
  • The original founders of the Church were dying, being killed off
  • The written word versus oral history
    • Can’t be distorted
    • Can’t be forgotten
romans
Romans
  • Humanity Lost without the Gospel
    • (Romans 1:16-3:20)
  • Justification through Faith in Christ
    • (Romans 3:21-5:21)
  • Justification and the Christian Life
    • (Romans 6:1-8:39)
  • Jews and Gentiles in God's Plan
    • (Romans 9:1-11:36)
  • The Duties of Christians
    • (Romans 12:1-15:13)
1 st corinthians
1st Corinthians
  • Disorders in the Corinthian Community
    • (1 Cor 1:10-6:20)
  • Answers to the Corinthians' Questions
    • (1 Cor 7:1-11: 1)
  • Problems in Liturgical Assemblies
    • (1 Cor 11:2-14:40)
  • The Resurrection
    • (1 Cor 15:1-58)
2 nd corinthians
2nd Corinthians
  • The Crisis between Paul and the Corinthians
    • (2 Cor 1:12-7:16)
  • The Collection for Jerusalem
    • (2 Cor 8:1-9:15)
  • Paul's Defense of His Ministry
    • (2 Cor 10:1-13:10)
ephesians
Ephesians
  • Unity of the Church in Christ
    • (Eph 1:15-2:22)
  • World Mission of the Church
    • (Eph 3:1-4:24)
  • Daily Conduct, an Expression of Unity
    • (Eph 4:25-6:20)
closing
Closing
  • Our Father
slide19

Focus on Corinthians, Romans, and Ephesians. Why we have them? Importance? Timing before gospels.

  • Paul as a framer of the church. Jesus leaves Peter and Paul to continue shaping the church.
  • --- description what is the point of the book
  • Sayings to groups gone astray
  • Start of inner group communication
  • Early councils; operationally how church works.
  • Beginning of traditions
  • On my own for activities
  • Writing epistles explaining believes based on each book
slide20
Saul
  • Paul, whose Hebrew name was Saul,was “of the stock of Israel, of the tribe of Benjamin, a Hebrew of the Hebrews; as touching the law, a Pharisee.” (Phil3:5) Acts identifies Paul as from the Mediterranean city of Tarsus (in present-day south-central Turkey), well-known for its intellectual environment. Acts also quotes Paul as saying he was “a Pharisee, the son of a Pharisee.”(Acts23:6)
  • Paul confesses to having “violently persecuted” the “church of God” prior to his conversion. He was well respected by everyone and advancing in stature within Judaism's Jerusalem Temple leadership before he came to the realization that Jesus, by his resurrection from the dead, was actually The Lord and The Messiah.