Problem Gambling 101 Jackson County Problem Gambling Prevention Services Presented by: Roxann Jones
Definition of Gambling To risk money or something of value on the outcome of an unpredictable event or contest.
History: First Gambling Law • 1630 – “All persons whatsoever that have cards, dice or tables in their houses, shall make away with them before the next court under pain of punishment.” • 1744 – Virginia outlaws gambling in public places.
History: Public Lotteries • 1831 - 420 lotteries held in 8 states • Amount raised from the lotteries was five times greater than that year’s federal budget.
History: Prohibition Years • 1910-1931 • Concurrent with the growing attitude towards prohibition of alcohol and other drugs, gambling became illegal in nearly all of the United States.
History: National • 1931 – Las Vegas gambling legalized • 1945 – “Bugsy” Segal builds the first hotel/Casino complex: The Flamingo • 1977 – Every state except Nevada prohibited commercial gambling casinos. Now, all but two (Utah & Hawaii) have some form of legalized gambling available. • 1988 – Indian Gambling Regulatory Act
History: Oregon • 1933 – Pari –mutual betting legalized • 1976 – Charity bingo • 1984 – Lottery Authorized • 1985 – Megabucks and scratch-offs • 1987 – Off track betting legalized
History: Oregon Continued • 1989 – Sports betting (sports action lottery) • 1991 – Keno authorized, every 5 minutes • 1992 – Video poker legalized (as of October, 2004 there are 10,238 terminals in over 2,000 venues) • 1994 – First Native American Casino opened (Currently there are 9 open in Oregon)
History: Oregon Continued • 2003 – Football scratch-it tickets • 2003 – Expansion to six lottery terminals and ten in pari-mutual establishments • 2004 – Keno offered every 4 minutes. Lottery Click & Play computerized games implemented • 2005 – Line games implemented
Scope: Oregon • 2008 Oregonians spent 1.6 billion on Oregon Lottery sales, or $434 per adult • Approximately $5 million a day • Approximately $205 thousand an hour • Approximately $3,425 a minute • Equals more than $57 a second! • 2008 – Jackson County residents spent over $57 million on Oregon Lottery Sales, or approximately $385 per adult
Scope: Oregon • 2008 – Oregon’s casinos garnered about 32% of all gambling dollars spent by Oregonians • The Oregon Lottery had net sales of 1.245.5 billion in fiscal year 2008 (Oregon Lottery 08) • 40% to 60% of cash wagered in casinos is withdrawn from ATMs as cash or cash advance • Oregonians entering treatment in 2007, had a combined debt related to gambling of over $37 million.
Tribal Casinos : Oregon • Oregon tribal casinos offer: • 7,078 slot machines • 125 table games • 1956 bingo seats • 39 poker tables • Only 7 other states have more gambling tribes • Spirit Mountain is Oregon’s #1 tourist attraction, having surpassed Multnomah Falls
Minimum Age • 18 – Traditional lottery games (e.g., scratch –its, Powerball, Breakopens) • 18 – Charitable gaming (e.g., bingo) • 18 – Pari-mutual betting (horses) • 21 – Video lottery and tribal casinos
Definition: Problem Gambler “Gambling behavior which causes disruptions in any major area of life: psychological, physical, social or vocational” (National Council on Problem Gambling)
Definition: Pathological Gambler A chronic disorder that results in the loss of control over gambling (DSM-IV)
Impact: Prevalence in Oregon • 2006 – 2.7% of adults (approx 74,000) were believed to meet the criteria for problem or pathological gamblers (Moore, 2006) • One in every 25 Oregon Teens (13-17) experienced gambling-related problems, that’s more than 10,000 Oregon Teens (Carlson &Moore, 1998) • About 6,000 Oregonians over 62 (1.2%) are believed to meet the criteria for problem or pathological gambling (Moore, 2001)
Lottery Scratch-its Megabucks Powerball Video gaming 62% poker 15% slots Keno Bingo Casino Gaming Sports bets Horse racing Stocks Internet Office pools Poker / cards Bets among friends Gambling in Oregon
Impact: Crime • Over 36% of clients in Oregon reported committed crimes to finance gambling • Gamblers Anonymous members report that approximately half of their members had stolen to gamble and over 1/3 had been arrested • Most crimes are non-violent: e.g., check forgery, stealing credit cards, embezzlement, insurance fraud, tax evasion, fencing stolen goods, etc.
Impact: Domestic • 18 % of gamblers seeking treatment had gambling related divorces • 10% more had gambling related separations • 31 % lost or quit a job due to gambling • Average debt generally equal to income • 25% of gamblers seeking treatment reported domestic violence in their relationship as a result of their gambling
Impact: Children • Children of PGs experience twice the incidence of broken homes (separation, divorce, death of a parent) before age 15 • Children of PGs are prone to suffer abuse as well as a neglect • Children of PGs have higher levels of overeating and tobacco, alcohol, and drug use
Impact: Child Examples • 28 reported child fatalities nation wide reported from children being left in cars while parents gamble • IL: Woman who needed money to gamble suffocated her 7-week-old child to collect $200,000 of life insurance • OR: Woman left her children, ages 1,2, and 3, strapped in their car seats as she gambled at Spirit Mountain casino for 11 hours
Impact: Suicide, Depression & Concurrent Disorders • More than 48% of Oregon’s treatment clients had suicidal thoughts, and more than 7% had attempted suicide • A major depressive disorder is likely to occur in 76% of pathological gamblers • 30% Alcohol • 13% Drugs • 61% Tobacco
Similarities Loss of control Denial Depression & Mood Swings Progressive Chasing First win (high) remembered Blackouts/brownouts Use an escape Preoccupation Low self esteem & high ego Use of rituals Similar highs Differences Hidden addiction Can’t overdose Huge financial problems Can function at work Can’t be tested Doesn’t require ingestion Fewer resources available Perceptions “Addiction”:Gambling vs. Substances
Impact: Employment Status • Oregon Problem Gamblers in Treatment • 2% Unknown/Not coded • 14% Not employed – not looking • 17% Not employed looking • 3% Irregular • 10% Part-time • 54% Full-time
More Popular than Ever: The Six “A’s” • Availability (The only state that offers more gambling opportunities than Oregon in Nevada) • Access • Acceptability • Advertising • Attractiveness • Adrenaline
Social Gambling You stick to limits of money to play with You hope to win but expect to lose You can take it or leave it You gamble once in a while Problem Gambling You play with $ you need or with borrowed $ You expect to win…. And keep playing to win back losses You think about gambling a lot You spend more and more time and money gambling Levels of Involvement
Getting Help in Jackson County 1-877 – MYLIMIT or 1877mylimit.org Help Line, available 24 hrs, everyday • Treatment Providers: - Addictions Recovery Center - On Track Treatment is free for gamblers and loved ones!