Psychological disorders an introduction
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Psychological Disorders: An Introduction. Defining Disorder. Psychological Disorder. Behavior patterns or mental processes that cause serious personal suffering or interfere with a person’s ability to cope with everyday life. It Takes 4 Things for a Behavior to be Considered a Disorder:.

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Psychological Disorders:An Introduction



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Psychological Disorder

  • Behavior patterns or mental processes that cause serious personal suffering or interfere with a person’s ability to cope with everyday life.


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It Takes 4 Things for a Behavior to be Considered a Disorder:

  • Typicality

  • Maladaptivity

  • Emotional Discomfort

  • Socially Unacceptable Behavior


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Typicality Disorder:

  • Is the behavior typical of most people?


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Maladaptive Disorder:

  • Impairs the person’s ability to function in everyday life.

  • An exaggeration of normal, acceptable behaviors

  • Destructive to oneself or others


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Emotional Discomfort Disorder:

  • A behavior which is troublesome to the person themselves or those around them.


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Socially Unacceptable Behavior Disorder:

  • A behavior so different from other people’s behavior that it violates a norm

  • Norms vary from culture to culture



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Early Views of Mental Illness Disorder:

  • In ancient times, mental illness was usually explained through a supernatural model; the person was possessed or a sinner

  • During the Middle Ages treatment methods were inhumane and cruel


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The Medical Model Disorder:

  • Diseases have physical causes that can be diagnosed, treated, and in most cases, cured.

  • Psychological disorders can be diagnosed based on their symptoms and treated or cured through therapy.

  • Psychological disorders are similar to a physical illness.


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Bio-Psycho-Social Model Disorder:

  • Perspective of mental illness which assumes that biological, psychological, and sociocultural factors combine and interact to produce psychological disorders




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Diagnosis Disorder:

Diagnostic and Statistical Manual of Mental Disorders (DSM-IV-TR)—describes specific symptoms and diagnostic guidelines for psychological disorders

  • Provides a common language to label mental disorders

  • Comprehensive guidelines to help diagnose mental disorders


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DSM-IV-TR Disorder:

  • Divides mental disorders into 17 major categories

  • Includes the symptoms but not the causes or treatment of each disease

  • Lists and describes 250 specific psychological disorders


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Labeling Stigmas Disorder:

  • Studies show a clear bias against people diagnosed with mental disorders.

  • Rosenhan Study – “normal” people pretended to hear voices and checked into a mental health facility then acted normally. Their normal actions taken to be abnormal once they were labeled schizophrenic.


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Prevalence Disorder:

  • Approximately 48% of adults experienced symptoms at least once in their lives

  • Approximately 80% who experienced symptoms in the last year did NOT seek treatment

    • Many people who could benefit from mental health treatment do not seek it.

    • Most people seem to deal with symptoms without complete debilitation

  • Women have higher prevalence of depression and anxiety

  • Men have higher prevalence of substance abuse and antisocial personality disorder




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Are People with a Mental Illness as Violent as the Media Portrays Them?

  • People with mental disorders are often depicted on TV as helpless victims or evil villains who are unpredictable, dangerous, and violent.

  • One study indicated that, overall, former mental patients did not have a higher rate of violence than a matched comparison group.

  • People with severe mental disorders who are experiencing bizarre delusional ideas and hallucinated voices do have a slightly higher level of violent and illegal behavior than do “normal” people.


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