Download
unit 3 3 eso n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
UNIT 3 3º ESO PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
UNIT 3 3º ESO

UNIT 3 3º ESO

217 Views Download Presentation
Download Presentation

UNIT 3 3º ESO

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. UNIT 3 3º ESO GOOD HEALTH

  2. VOCABULARY. MedicalScience • Cause (N/V) • Clone(N/V) • Cure (N/V) • Develop • Development • Discover • Discovery • Experiment (N/V) • Operate • Operation • Prevent • Prevention • Research (N/V) • Suffer • Suffering • Transplant (N/V) • Treat • Treatment

  3. VOCABULARY. Phrasalverbs. Health and lifestyle • Build up • Cutdownon • Getover • Give up • Gowithout • Put off • Sortout • Take up • Workout

  4. MODAL VERBS Youmustlearntheirmeaning and youwillknowhowto use them • CAN • COULD • BE ABLE TO + INFINITIVE • MANAGED TO • MAY/MIGHT • MUST • HAVE TO • SHOULD /OUGHT TO PODER (PRESENT) PODER (PAST) SER CAPAZ DE (ANY TENSE) ARREGLARSELAS PARA… PUEDE QUE … DEBER(PRESENT) TENER QUE DEBERÍA

  5. RULES 1. FOLLOWED BY AN INFINITIVE / BASE FORM VERB I can GO outtonighbecause I passedall my exams Sheisableto PLAY the guitar Youshouldn’t SMOKE, it’sdangerous 2. THEY DON’T CHANGE (No “s”, “ed”, “ing”) • I/we/She CAN’T sleep • EXCEPTION • I’M ableto do that / She IS ableto do that …. • I HAVE towake up early/ She HAS towake up early 3. NO AUXILIARIES (No “do”, “does”, “did”) I CAN’T sleep. CAN yousleep? • What SHOULD YOU do? You SHOULDN’T smoke EXCEPTION • I MANAGED tofinishtheworkbutyou DIDN’T MANAGE tofinishit . DID Diana MANAGE tofinishiton time? • DO you HAVE togotothegym? No, I HAVE toeat more vegetables and I DON’T HAVE toeat chocolate. • She HAS tostudy more, she DOESN’T HAVE tomake a new exam. DOES she HAVE tostudy at home? • I HAD tobuy a new car but I DIDN’T HAVE tobuy a new house

  6. MODAL VERBS I CAN / COULD / BE ABLE TO / MANAGED TO CAN isused in thepresent tense I can speakthreelanguages COULD isused in thepast tense I couldspeakFrench 10 yearsago BE ABLE TO mustbeconjugated. I willbeabletospeakFrench in twoyears MANAGED TO mustbeconjugated. I managedtoreachthe top of themountain REMEMBER

  7. I can speakthreelanguages • I couldtouchmy nosewith my tonguewhen I wassix • I willbeabletospeakFrench in twoyears These 3 examplestalkabouttheability of doingsomethingeither in thepast, futureorthepresent tense. ABILITY

  8. Youcan goouttonightbecauseyouhavefinishedyourhomework • Theycouldn’tpassthedriving test yesterday • I won’tbeabletophoneyoutomorrowbecause I willbeflyingto New York They can beusedtotalkaboutsomethingwhichisorisn’tpossible in a particular situation POSSIBILITY

  9. MODAL VERBS II MIGHT/MAY - COULD They are usedtomakedeductions and sayifsomethingispossibleornot, butnotcertain He maynotbeat home, thelights are off Shemightbein theshowerbecauseshedoesn’tanswerthephone Shecouldbein theshowerbecause …. DEDUCTIONS

  10. Can/ can’t - must / mustn’t They are use totalkaboutdeductions, I mean tosaythatsomethingis true orimpossible If I introduce youthisman as my brother (my twinbrother) whatwouldyousay? He can’tbeyourbrother Itmustbea joke / Ithas tobe a joke Itmustbea googleimage DEDUCTIONS

  11. Nowif I introduce youthisotherman as my brother, whatwouldyousaynow? DEDUCTIONS He can’tbeyourbrother( YOU HAVE NOTHING IN COMMON) He mustbeyourbrother(YOU ARE LIKE TWO PEAS ON A POT) Itmustbea googleimage

  12. MODAL VERBS III SHOULD / SHOULDN’T They are usedtogive and askforadvices, tomakesuggestions, correctios, recommendations.. I have a partythisweekendbut I haveanimportantexamonMonday. Whatshould I do? Youshouldn’teat a lot of chocolate ifyouwantto lose weight, don’tyou? WHAT DO YOU THINK I SHOULD DO? ADVICE /SUGGESTION

  13. *OUGHT TO – HAD BETTER These are modal verbstoo. OUGHT TO is more formal You ought not to put hot water on a burn. The library ought to close later HAD BETTER ( NOT) isstronger You had better not put hot water on a burn. We had better leave before it starts raining - Es mejorirnos antes de queempiece a llover They are notusuallyused in questions

  14. MODAL VERBS III MUST – HAVE TO They are usedtoexpressobligations I have a partythisweekendbut I havetomakeanimportantexamonMonday. I maynotgoout I muststudymore if I wanttopass my exams HAVE TO talksaboutexternalobligations, rules, laws… MUSTtalksaboutaboutsomethingthespeakers decides isnecessary OBLIGATION

  15. My doctor says I haveto stop smoking • In my schoolwemustwearuniform / havetowearuniform • To drive a car youhavetobe/ mustbeovereighteen, that’sthelaw • Youhavetobe/ mustbeovereighteentodrink alcohol too Whatother rules do youknow? Do youfollowthem?

  16. MODAL VERBS III MUSTN’T Itisusedtoexpressprohibition Youmustn’twearyourownclothestoschool Youmusn’tbringyourmobilephones REMEMBER notto use Don’thavetototalkaboutprohibition REMEMBER MUSTisnotused in questions, we use HAVE TO Do youhavetowearuniform in yourschool? PROHIBITION

  17. MODAL VERBS III DON’T/DOESN’T HAVE TO They are usedtotalkaboutsomethingthatisn’tnecessaryorobligatory Togotothecinemayoudon’thavetobuythe tickets in advance, you can buythemthere I told Sarah thatshedoesn’thavetobringa presentforeveryone Rememberitisan irregular modal verb REMEMBER MUSTisnotused in questions, we use HAVE TO Do youhavetowearuniform in yourschool? NOT NECESSARY

  18. ABILITY POSSIBILITY • CAN / COULD / BE ABLE TO • CAN / COULD / BE ABLE TO • MIGHT / MAY - COULD • CAN / CAN’T – MUST/ MUSTN’T • SHOULD / SHOULDN’T • MUST – HAVE TO • MUSTN’T • DON’T HAVE TO/DOESN’T HAVE TO DEDUCTION ADVICE- SUGGESTION OBLIGATION PROHIBITION NOT NECESSARY

  19. MODAL PAST VERBS MAY – MIGHT – COULD – MUST – CAN’T They can beusedtotalkaboutthepast. MAY/MIGHT/COULD HAVE. Somethingpossiblyhappened. MUST HAVE. We are suresomethinghappened CAN’T HAVE. We are suresomethingdidn’thappened PAST MODALS

  20. Puede que haya ido He MAY HAVE GONE….Podria haber ido He COULD HAVE GONE…. Debe haber ido He MUST HAVE GONE…. No puede haber ido He CAN’T HAVE GONE…. • Thatgirlmusthavelostsomething, whydon’twehelpher? / whydon’twego and helpher? • Merycan’thavephonedyoubecause I haveherphone • I couldhavegonetothecinemabut I preferedtostay at home, itwasraining • My motherdoesn’tanswerthephoneshemayhavegone MAY HAVE + PAST PARTICIPLE Esa chica debe haber perdido algo, ¿ por que no la ayudamos? Mery no puede haberte llamado porque yo tengo su telefono Podria haber ido al cine pero preferí quedarme en casa, estaba lloviendo Mi madre no responde al teléfono , puede que hay salido

  21. ACTIVITIES • http://www.myenglishpages.com/site_php_files/grammar-exercise-modals.php

  22. DON’T HAVE TO MUSN’T MUST MAY Choose the right modal verb • There are plenty of tomatoes in the fridge. You ________________buy any. • It's a hospital. You ____________ smoke. • He had been working for more than 11 hours. He ____________ be tired after such hard work. He ____________ prefer to get some rest. • I ________ speak Arabic fluently when I was a child and we lived in Morocco. But Now, I ____________ just say a few things in the language. • The teacher said we ____ read this book for our own pleasure as it is optional. But we ____________ read it if we don't want to. • ____ you stand on your head for more than a minute? No, I ____. • If you want to learn to speak English fluently, you __________ to work hard. • Take an umbrella. It ________________ rain later. • You __________ leave small objects lying around . Such objects ________ be swallowed by children. • People __________________ walk on grass. • Drivers ________________ stop when the traffic lights are red. • _________ I ask a question? Yes, of course. • You _____________  take your umbrella. It is not raining. • _______ you speak Italian? No, I ____ . COULD CAN CAN DON’T HAVE TO CAN CAN’T MUST / HAVE TO MAY/MIGHT/COULD CAN SHOULDN’T MUSN’T MUSN CAN DON’T HAVE TO CAN CAN’T

  23. Te prometo que iré al médico, no tienes que preocuparte tanto Creo que tu madre puede que haya descubierto tu secreto. Ha estado llamando toda la tarde Tienes que tomar vitaminas, son buenas para la salud • Youhavetotakesomevitamins, they are goodforyou • I promise I willgo and seethe doctor, youdon’thavetoworry so much • I thinkyourmummayhavediscoveresyoursecret. She has beenphoning/ callingalltheafternoon. • I can’tfind my mobile (phone) I mayhavelostit. Haveyoulookedforit in the car? Itmusthave fallen downthere. • Youcan’thaveseenMady in classyesterdaybecauseshewassick and shedidn’t come totheschool • El ha vivido en Nueva York durante 12 años, debe hablar muy bien inglés. No puedo encontrar el móvil, puede que lo haya perdido. ¿Has buscado en el coche? Debe haberse caído allí No puedes haber visto a Mandy ayer en clase porque estaba enferma y no vino a colegio He has lived in New York fortwelveyears, he mustspeakEnglishverygood