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Unit 6.1. ROG. Rog comes from rogare, the Latin verb meaning “to ask.”. Unit 6.1. Related Words. Abrogate (v.): 1. To abolish or annul. 2. To ignore or treat as if nonexistent. Arrogate (v.): To claim or seize w/o justification. Unit 6.1. Related Words.

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slide1

Unit 6.1

ROG

Rog comes from rogare, the Latin verb meaning “to ask.”

related words

Unit 6.1

Related Words
  • Abrogate (v.): 1. To abolish or annul. 2. To ignore or treat as if nonexistent.
  • Arrogate (v.): To claim or seize w/o justification
related words1

Unit 6.1

Related Words
  • Derogatory (adj.): Expressing a low or poor opinion of someone or something.
related words2

Unit 6.1

Related Words
  • Prerogative (n.): A special or exclusive right, power, or privilege that sets one apart from others.
notes

Unit 6.1

Notes

The ancient Romans also used this word to mean “to propose,” thinking perhaps that when we propose an idea, we are actually asking someone to consider it.

notes1

Unit 6.1

Notes

So interrogate means “to question systematically,” and a surrogate (for example, a surrogate mother) is a substitute, someone who is proposed to stand in for another.

slide7

Unit 6.2

QUIS

Quis is derived from the Latin verb querere, meaning “to seek or obtain.”

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Unit 6.2

Related Words
  • Inquisition (n.): A questioning or examin-ing that is often harsh or severe.
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Related Words
  • Perquisite (n.): 1. A privilege or profit that is provided in addition to one’s base salary. 2. Something claimed as an exclusive possession or right.
related words5

Unit 6.2

Related Words
  • Acquisitive (adj.): Eager to acquire; greedy
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Unit 6.2

Related Words
  • Requisition (n.): A demand or request (such as for supplies) made with proper authority.
notes2

Unit 6.2

Notes

The roots quer, quir, and ques are also derived from this word and give us word such as inquiry and question.

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Unit 6.3

PLE

Ple comes from the Latin word meaning “to fill.”

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Unit 6.3

Related Words
  • Complement (n.): 1. Something that fills up or makes perfect; the amount needed to make something complete; 2. A counterpart.
related words8

Unit 6.3

Related Words
  • Deplete (v.): To reduce in amount by using up.
  • Implement (v.): To take steps to fulfill or put into practice
related words9

Unit 6.3

Related Words
  • Replete (adj.): Fully or abun-dantly filled or supplied.
notes3

Unit 6.3

Notes

The Greek equivalent of this root is pleth, seen in the word plethora, which means “multitude or abundance.”

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Unit 6.4

METR

This root comes to us from Greek by way of Latin; in both languages it refers to measure.

related words10

Unit 6.4

Related Words
  • Metric (adj.): 1. Relating to or based on the metric system. 2. Relating to or arranged in meter.

from Industry Week, 1981 November 30

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Unit 6.4

Related Words
  • Odometer (n.): An instrument used to measure distance traveled.
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Unit 6.4

Related Words
  • Symmetrical (adj.): 1. Having/exhibiting balanced proportions or the beauty that results from such balance. 2. Corresponding in size, shape, or other qualities on opposite sides of a dividing line or plane or around a center.
related words13

Unit 6.4

Related Words
  • Tachometer (n.): A device used to measure speed of rotation.
notes4

Unit 6.4

Notes

A thermometer measures heat; a perimeter is the measure around something; and things that are isometric are equal in measure.

slide24

Unit 6.5

AUD

From the Latin verb audire, this root has to do with hearing.

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Unit 6.5

Related Words
  • Auditor (n.): A person who formally examines and verifies accounts.
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Unit 6.5

Related Words
  • Auditory (adj.): 1. Perceived/experienced thru hearing. 2. Of/relating to the sense or organs of hearing.
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Unit 6.5

Related Words
  • Audition (n.): A trial performance to evaluate a performer’s skill.
  • Inaudible (adj.): Not heard or capable of being heard.
notes5

Unit 6.5

Notes

What is audible is hearable, and an audience is a group of people that listens, sometimes in an auditorium.

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Unit 6.6

SON

Latin root meaning “sound.”

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Unit 6.6

Related Words
  • Dissonant (adj.): 1. Clashing or discordant, especially in music; 2. Incompatible or disagreeing.
related words18
Related Words
  • Resonance (n.): 1. A continuing/echoing of sound; 2. A richness and variety in the depth and quality of sound.
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Unit 6.6

Related Words

Sonic (adj.): 1. Having to do w/sound; 2. Having to do w/ the speed of sound in air (about 750 mph).

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Unit 6.6

Related Words

Ultrasound (n.): The use of sound vibrations above the limits of human hearing to produce images w/which to diagnose internal bodily conditions

notes6

Unit 6.6

Notes

A sonata is a kind of music usually played by one or two instruments, and sonorous, meaning full, loud, or rich in sound.

slide35

Unit 6.7

ERR

from the Latin verb errare and it means “to wander” or “to stray.”

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Unit 6.7

Related Words
  • Aberrant (adj.): Straying or differing from the right, normal, or natural type.
related words22
Related Words
  • Errant (adj.): 1. Wandering/moving aimlessly; 2. Straying outside proper bounds, or away from an accepted pattern or standard.
related words23

Unit 6.7

Related Words
  • Erratic (adj.): 1. Having no fixed course; 2. Lacking in consistency.
related words24

Unit 6.7

Related Words
  • Erroneous (adj.): Mistaken, incorrect. (Most often used with words that suggest mental activity, such as “erroneous assumptions” or “erroneous ideas”)
notes7

Unit 6.7

Notes

The root is easily seen in the word error and is also used as erratum to mean “a mistake” in a book or other printed material; its plural is errata. The errata page is the book page that lists mistakes found too late to correct before publication.

ced cess

Unit 6.8

CED/CESS

From the Latin verb cedere, meaning “to go” or “to proceed”

related words25

Unit 6.8

Related Words
  • Accede (v.): 1. To give in to a request or demand; 2. To give approval or consent.
  • Antecedent (n.): 1. A preceding event, state, or cause; 2. One’s ancestor or parent.
related words26

Unit 6.8

Related Words
  • Concession (n.): 1. The yielding of a point or privilege, often unwillingly; 2. An acknowledgement or admission.
related words27

Unit 6.8

Related Words
  • Precedent (n.): Something done or said that may be an example or rule to guide later acts of a similar kind.
notes8

Unit 6.8

Notes

This root gives us many words in English, from procession, meaning something that goes forward, to recession, which is a moving back or away.