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LIFE TCY 98/CY/167 Integrated Control of Industrial Pollution and Chemical Substances in Cyprus. VOC EMISSIONS By: Dr. Stelios Georghiades Labour Inspection Officer Department of Labour Inspection. VOC Emissions.

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life tcy 98 cy 167 integrated control of industrial pollution and chemical substances in cyprus

LIFE TCY 98/CY/167Integrated Control of Industrial Pollution and Chemical Substances in Cyprus

VOC EMISSIONS

By: Dr. Stelios Georghiades

Labour Inspection Officer

Department of Labour Inspection

voc emissions
VOC Emissions
  • Establishment of an integrated management system concerning VOC emissions according to EU Directives
definition of voc
Definition of VOC
  • According to 1999/13/EU
    • Any organic compound having at 293,15K a vapour pressure of 0,01 kPa or more
sources of voc emissions
Sources of VOC Emissions
  • Petrol storage & distribution
  • Motor vehicle exhausts
  • Evaporative emissions from cars
  • Solvent usage
  • Industrial processes
concern about voc
Concern about VOC
  • Stratospheric ozone depletion
  • Ground level ozone formation
  • Human health effects
  • Enhancing greenhouse effect
  • Accumulation and persistence in the environment
eu directives
EU Directives
  • 1994/63 on the control of VOC emissions resulting from the storage and distribution of petrol
  • 1999/13 on the limitation of emissions of VOC due to the use of organic solvents in certain activities & installations
directive 1994 63
Directive 1994/63
  • Storage installations at terminals
  • Loading and unloading of mobile containers at terminals
  • Mobile containers
  • Loading into storage installations at service stations
directive 1999 13
Directive 1999/13
  • Purpose: To prevent or reduce the direct and indirect effects of emissions of VOC
  • Note: The Directive limits emissions of solvents, NOT their use
directive 99 13 activities
Directive 99/13 - Activities
  • Coating Use
    • Vehicle refinish
    • Coil coating
    • wood coating
    • leather coating
    • coating of winding wire
directive 99 13 activities1
Directive 99/13 - Activities
  • Printing and adhesive
    • printing
    • footwear production
    • wood / plastic lamination
    • adhesive coating
directive 99 13 activities2
Directive 99/13 - Activities
  • Other activities
    • surface cleaning
    • dry cleaning
    • wood impregnation
    • coating manufacture
    • rubber conversion
    • vegetable oil extraction
    • pharmaceutical manufacture
directive 99 13 methodology
Directive 99/13 - Methodology
  • Bottom up
    • Emission = emission factor x activity statistic
  • Top down
    • Emission = (Imports - Exports) x emission factor
manufacture of coating preparations
Manufacture of coating preparations
  • Top down method
  • Investigated 5 major industries
  • Three industries covered by 99/13
  • Total VOC emissions for 43 solvents
    • per industry
    • per district
conclusions
Conclusions
  • Complexity of a VOC emissions register
  • Registry of VOC emissions in Cyprus
future plans
Future plans
  • Identify all VOC emission sources
  • VOC emissions inventory by species
acknowledgements
Acknowledgements
  • All companies that provided data
  • All my colleagues who contributed towards this project