Food Safety & Quality Assurance. 2013. All 4-H / FFA members who exhibit the following species need to be FSQA Certified Beef Dairy Cattle Goats (Dairy & Meat) Poultry (Chicken, Turkey, Duck, Geese, etc) Rabbits Sheep Swine. Recertify Annually.
Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
All 4-H / FFA members who exhibit the following species need to be FSQA Certified • Beef • Dairy Cattle • Goats (Dairy & Meat) • Poultry (Chicken, Turkey, Duck, Geese, etc) • Rabbits • Sheep • Swine
Recertify Annually • Junior members, grades 4 – 6, need to come every year. • Intermediates, grades 7 – 9 • Seniors, grades 10 - 12 • Intermediate and Senior members can attend an annual training or take the test-out option
Testing Out of FSQA • Intermediates and Seniors may test out of attending yearly FSQA sessions. • To do so – they must take a 20 (Int.) or 30 (Sr.) question exam and receive a 70% passing score. • At one setting, they may take a different exam 3 times if necessary to pass. • Check with your county extension office for the testing dates / times and for any specific requirements for testing out.
Resources • Iowa 4-H Food Safety & Quality Assurance Member Manual & Website • http://www.extension.iastate.edu/4h/projects/livestock/FSQA.htm • Youth PQA Plus Website • http://www.pork.org/Certification/21/youthPqaPlus.aspx • Iowa Beef Quality Assurance Website • http://www.iabeef.org/Content/bqa.aspx • 4-H Livestock Projects Website • http://www.extension.iastate.edu/4h/projects/livestock/
Survey of Americans: • 9 out of 10 • In favor of additional food safety measures • COOL implementation • 64%believe imported foods are often or sometimes unsafe • 58%worry about bacterial contamination of the food supply Pew-commissioned poll – Hart Research and Public Opinion
Who is responsible for safe food? • Producers • Handlers • Processors • Food Suppliers • Consumers
Who Cares About FSQA? • 17 million pounds of meat produced by Iowa 4-H’ers each year • Reputation of the 4-H program • 4-H’ers need to be responsible to the consumer and the food industry. • Industry requirements must be met and maintained. • Many 4-H’ers are further away from traditional food animal production.
4-Her’s Responsibility • Understand and follow the seven Good Production Practices (GPP’s) • Produce safe food products for consumers
Iowa 4-H Food Safety and Quality Assurance Program Good Production Practices Healthy Animals Safe Food
Regulatory Partners • Food and Drug Administration (FDA) • regulates medicated animal feeds and most animal health products • Environmental Protection Agency (EPA) • sets tolerance levels for pesticides used in food production • Food Safety Inspection Service (FSIS) • inspects all livestock at federally inspected packing plants and examines plant sanitation
HAACP • A system used in meat packing plants to prevent food safety problems • Regulated by the USDA Food Safety and Inspection Service (FSIS) • Hazard • Analysis and • Critical • Control • Points
HAACP Hazards can be identified as: • Microbial contamination • Bacteria, virus, protozoa • Chemical Hazards • Antimicrobial and chemical tissue residues • Physical Hazards • Broken needles or metal
HACCP • Identify the risks • Identify potential hazards (risks) • Identify critical control points • Plan the prevention • Set a critical limit • Monitor the process • Plan corrective action • Monitor the progress • Keep accurate records • Review the process regularly
Good Production Practices • Keep accurate records • Veterinary relationship & drug usage • Healthy production practices • Proper care and handling • Feed and Feed Additives • Biosecurity and Animal Welfare • Exhibit strong character traits (ethics)
Good Production Practices in Depth • GPP 5 – Feed & Feed Additives • GPP 6 – Biosecurity and Animal Welfare • GPP 7 – Ethics
Feed & Feed Additives GPP #5
Feeding Program Goal: Most economical conversion of nutrients into lean (muscle) tissue growth or milk production while maintaining animal well-being and increasing the quality of the animal as well as protecting the surrounding environment
Digestive Systems • Monogastric(Simple Stomach) • Consumes diets high in energy & low in fiber – ex: cereal grains (corn, barley, oats, wheat) and high protein sources such as soybean meal, fish meal, etc. • Ruminant (Four compartments to the Stomach) • Consumes diets low in energy and high in fiber – ex: Forages such as pasture, hay, corn and alfalfa silage, etc.
Example Activity Handout - “Digestive Tract of Farm Animals”
Beak Esophagus Crop (2”) Small Intestine (55”) Proventriculus Gizzard (2”) Pancreas Ceca (7”) Large Intestine (4”) Cloaca Chicken
Pig _________________________________________ Stomach (2 gal) Large Intestine (16’, 2 gal) Esophagus Mouth Cecum (10”, 0.5 gal) Small intestine (60’, 2.5 gal)
Balanced Diet • Energy (Carbohydrates & Essential Fatty Acids) • Corn, Barley, Wheat, Cereal by-products, Fat • Protein & Amino Acids • Soybean Meal, Fish Meal, Grains, etc. • Minerals • Limestone, Dicalcium Phosphorus, Iron, Zinc, etc. • Vitamins • Vitamin A, D, E Riboflavin, Niacin, Pantothenic Acid • Water
Adequate and Safe Feeds • Read and retain feed labels • Understand the nutrient needs of the animal • Provide a balanced ration • Ensure feed quality and safety • Follow Good Manufacturing Practices
Feed Mycotoxins • A type of poison produced by mold • Found in corn due to very wet weather during the harvest season • Animals (mainly pigs) will not eat the feed • Low performance/weight gain • May want to test a feed sample to see if mycotoxins are present
Feed Labels Feed labels must contain… • Brand and/or product name • Intended species and production phase • Medicated • Guaranteed Analysis • Ingredients • Feeding Directions or Mixing Directions • Warning or Caution • Manufacturer’s name and address • Net Weight
Example Activity Handout – “Feed Tag Information”
Livestock Water Requirements • The most important nutrient that you can give to your animal • Water constitutes ~ 60 -70 % of an animal’s live weight • An animal can live ~ 45 – 60 days without food but only ~ 3 – 7 days without water
Relationship between Water and Feed • Water quality and quantity will affect feed consumption and animal health • Therefore, if you want maximum gain or production from your animals water quality and quantity must be considered. • Think about the Derby contests; Milk production; Animal growth for the fair • Are you monitoring your water supply? Has it been tested?
Feed Additives • Antibacterial agents • Medications used to improve health and performance • FDA approved • Antibiotics
Feed Additives • Growth modulators • Compound that alters nutrient use in animal • Ractopamine hydrochloride (Elanco Animal Health) sends energy into muscle growth instead of fat • PAYLEAN - Swine • OPTAFLEXX- Cattle • Probiotics • Living bacteria or yeast to enhance digestive tract • Lactobacillus, Saccharomyces, Bacillus
Example Activity Handout – “Producing Safe Foods Includes No Residue in Show Animals”
Example Activity Handout – “Paylean and Optaflex Labels” http://www.extension.iastate.edu/4h/page/fsqa-food-safety-quality-assurance
Reminder Certain Feed Additives for Certain Animals • Paylean and Optaflexx NOT approved for sheep • Be certain that what you are feeding is approved for your animal • Talk to your vet
Feed Processing • Grinding • Pelleting • Flaking • Extruding • Roasting
Grinding • Increases surface area to improve digestion • Corn, barley, wheat, hay Feed Processing
Feed Processing • Pelleting • Finely ground material, steamed and extruded • Reduces waste and dust in feed • Reduces animal sorting • More costly • Increases feed efficiency – less feed per lb. of gain
Extruding • Usually done to individual ingredients of ration • Dog food • Ground material forced through a die under pressure Feed Processing
Feed Processing • Roasting • Soybeans contain anti-nutritional factor that must be heated to inactivate it before feeding to swine
Feed Handling & Storage • Identify feed • Keep storage area clean • Number or label bins • Inspect steel bins for leaks, mold • Control rodents • Clean up spills • Do not store near chemicals
Feeding Livestock • Limit feeding • Feed animals once per day • Or feed twice per day • Self feeding • Feed remains in bunk / feeders at all time for animal consumption
Feeding Livestock • Provide enough feeder space • Keep equipment in good repair • Avoid spills to control rodents • Adjust feeders to reduce waste • Monitor feeders daily to be sure feed is available • Adjust feeding amount daily so leftovers don’t spoil
Feeding Livestock • Watch for sorting…indicates quality problems • Plenty of water • Clean waters frequently • Clean feed system after using medicated feeds • Clean and disinfect feed and water equipment between groups
Good Manufacturing Practices • Buildings and grounds • Clean, neat and pest free • Equipment • Accurate, well maintained, cleanable • Work space and storage areas • Separated to prevent contamination • Product quality assurance • Cleanout procedures to prevent contamination & carryover • Labeling • Label all medications, retain labels, store separately • Recordkeeping • Include delivery date, method, carrier, record medications, retain for at least one year after feed is used, store samples for 6 months
Adequate and Safe Feed Keep all feed labels for one year 1997—FDA banned feeding restricted mammalian proteins from rendered animals to ruminant animals (meat, bone meal) This is the documentation 4-H’ers sign before selling their animals.