APUSH Mid-Term Review Chps. 1-15
The Indian Empire that dominated modern Mexico at the time of the Spanish conquest was the: A) Mayan. B) Inca. C) Aztec. D) Chaco.
The eastern third of what is now the United States was inhabited by the: A) Woodland Indians. B) Plains Indians. C) Mountain Indians. D) Coastal Tribes.
King _______ of Spain wanted to marry Queen Elizabeth I to ensure the ties between England and Spain and to bring Catholicism back to England. A) Henry VII B) Charles II C) Phillip II D) Ferdinand V
6. What were Prince Henry the Navigator’s intentions in his explorations? A. spreading Christianity and establishing a Christian empire B) discovering a shorter, faster trade route to Asia C) circumnavigating the globe D) finding the “Northwest Passage”
Which of the following were reasons for English colonization? A) religious tensions B) population increases C) enclosure system D) strict criminal code E) B & C F) all of the above
Which two countries were the “superpowers” of the 15th century? A) Portugal & England B) Germany & Russia C) England & France D) Portugal & Spain
The first and perhaps most profound result of the meeting of native and European cultures were the: A) exchange of plants and animals. B) importation of European diseases. C) native adoption of European ways of waging war. D) intermarriage of Europeans and natives.
Ultimately more important to Europe than the gold and silver found in the New World was the: A) importation of new crops that could feed larger numbers of people. B) discovery of new forms of religious worship. C) Indian labor force. D) architectural knowledge gained from the Aztecs.
According to English tradition, the child was the religion of the mother. What religion was “Bloody Mary”? A) Protestant B) Catholic C) Anglican D) Atheist
According to the theory of mercantilism, a nation could be made strong by: A) exporting more than it imported. B) building up a large standing army. C) defeating its neighbors in war. D) importing more than it exported.
As a result of their experiences in Ireland, the English believed that: A) all they needed to do was subdue the natives and rule them. B) they must retain a rigid separation from the native population. C) they could not build a complete society of their own. D) they should intermarry with the Native Americans.
One of the biggest problems during the first years of the Jamestown settlements was: A) the unwillingness of colonists to grow food. B) fights over the colony's few white women. C) attacks by Indian neighbors. D) battles between slave-owners and non-slave-owners.
The year 1619 was important in the history of Virginia because that year the colony: A) elected its first House of Burgesses. B) made its first profit. C) received its first royal governor. D) put down an Indian uprising.
Captain John Smith helped Jamestown survive when he: A) divided the duties and privileges of leadership among several members of a council. B) imposed work and order on the colony—no work, no food. C) ended raids perpetrated on neighboring Indian villages to steal food and kidnap natives. D) divided the colony's profits among the stockholders.
Many Virginians turned to slaves rather than indentured servants for labor because Africans: A) already knew how to raise tobacco. B) did not have to be released, so there was no fear that they might become an unstable, landless class. C) were cheaper to purchase originally. D) were more naturally subservient and caused the master no trouble.
Anne Hutchinson's teaching threatened to undermine the spiritual authority of the established clergy because she: A) claimed believers could communicate directly with God. B) preached that the clergy was corrupt. C) denounced clergymen who were also politicians. D) taught both men and women that you must have faith not just good works.
The Navigation Acts were designed to: A) regulate commerce according to the theory of mercantilism. B) destroy the power of rising colonial merchants and manufacturing. C) keep the price of tobacco low. D) raise money to pay off England's war debts with Spain.
Which of the following were considered the “southern colonies”? A) GA, SC, NC, TN & FL B) MD, RI, VA C) MA, MD, SC, NC D) VA, MD, NC, SC, GA
The Georgia colony was envisioned by Col. James Oglethorpe to be A) a buffer state between South Carolina and Florida B) a plantation colony with a booming slave trade C) a refuge for the criminally insane D) a place for debtor’s to escape prison E) a & d
The Massachusetts Bay colony established a _________________ system of government in which the community worked together to survive. A) commonwealth B) democratic C) republic D) parliamentary
The Stono uprising in South Carolina illustrates which of the following ideas? A) Social problems between the Tidewater Plantations and the Piedmont B) Slave rebellions were possible in the south C) The need for harsh and swift slave codes to keep slaves intimidated D) Lack of representation in local governments E) A & C
The ________________ movement, which began in Europe and spread to America, encouraged men and women to look to themselves, rather than God, for guidance as to how to live their lives. Benjamin Franklin, Thomas Jefferson and Thomas Paine were all part of this movement. A) Enlightenment B) Great Awakening C) Scientific revolution D) Deist
During the fifty years after the Glorious Revolution, the British policy of neglect of the colonial economy: A) dissipated as the kings reasserted their power in the British government. B) was lessened by the capabilities of royal officials in America. C) was sustained by some Parliamentary leaders who believed relaxation of restrictions would spur commerce. D) was lessened as officials in London learned more about the colonial economies.
In an effort to keep peace between frontiersmen and Indians and provide for a more orderly settlement of the West, the British government: A) forbade settlers from crossing the mountains that divided the Atlantic coast from the interior. B) gave Indian tribes and confederations colonial status. C) allowed interior settlement only if settlers bought land from the tribes. D) put forts in the Ohio Valley to protect settlers there.
What was the main problem with the British “redcoats” in the colonies? A) they often teased the colonists and had the right to open fire at any time B) they competed for jobs with the local sailors in crowded port cities C) The colonies had to provide them with alcohol D) b & c E) a & c
The ___________________ allowed the customs officials the authority to enter any property and search for smuggled goods. James Otis was against this practice. • search and seizure laws • search warrants • circular letters • writs of assistance
Why was the slavery issue omitted from the final draft of the Declaration of Independence? A) Thomas Jefferson and the others on the committee did not want to free their slaves B) The members of the committee were afraid of ostracizing the southern states and forcing them to remain loyal to Great Britain C) It was implied that the slaves were free in the phrase “all men are created equal”. D) The abolishment of slavery was never even an issue discussed in the committee
A conference of colonial leaders gathered in Albany, New York, in 1754 to discuss a proposal by Benjamin Franklin to: A) establish "one general government" for all of the colonies. B) negotiate a treaty with the French. C) expand a system of intercolonial roads. D) extend the operation of the colonial postal service.
Both the French and the English, during the Seven Years’ War were well aware that the battle for control of North America would be determined in part by: A)who had the Dutch on their side. B)whose king was the best military commander. C)which group could win the allegiance of native tribes. D) whose armies could best fight "Indian" fashion
Colonists argued that the Stamp Act was not proper because: • it affected only a few people, so the burden was not shared. • the money raised would not be spent in the colonies. • colonies could be “internally” taxed only by their elected assemblies. • the tax was too high.
The Boston Massacre: • was probably the result of panic and confusion by British soldiers. • reversed the calming trend that had occurred after the repeal of the Townshend Acts. • made John Adams a leader of the resistance. • killed over thirty members of the resistance
Colonial "committees of correspondence" were created to: • keep colonial intellectuals in contact with each other. • publicize grievances against England. • improve the writing skills of young gentlemen. • correspond with English radicals who supported the American cause.
When the first shots of the American Revolution were fired, there were approximately ___________ of the colonists who considered themselves loyalists to the King of England. • 1/8 • 1/4 • 1/3 • 1/2
Under the Articles of Confederation, the only institution of national authority was the: • Supreme Court. • Congress. • President of the United States. • Senate.
Which of the following statements is not true of Citzen Genet? • George Washington had him deported for committing treason. • He encouraged American ships to illegally board and seize goods during the Anglo-French wars. • He was behind the theft of a British ship and rechristened it the Little Sarah. • He was a follower of Maximilen Robespierre and returned to France when the Jacobins took control of the government. • Both b & d
In his farewell address, Washington focused on A) signing helpful alliances with foreign nations B) forming only two political parties C) being proud of the section of the country in which you lived. D) voicing opposition through peaceful and legal channels
Those who supported the French Revolution in America called themselves the A) Jacobin Republicans B) federalists C) Whigs D)Conservatives
Under the __________________ America was tied to France in the event of a war with Great Britain. Hamilton was able to find a loophole and America declared its neutrality. A) Treaty of Ghent B) Gardoqui Treaty C) Alliance of 1778 D) Rule 1756
Some of the framers of the Constitution decided that the state debt that was incurred under the Articles of Confederation government should be paid for by the U.S. government under the new U.S. Constitutional government. This was known as the _________________. It only passed after a compromise to move the federal government to “Federal City” which would later become known as Washington, D.C. A) assumption bill B) Jay’s Treaty C) Macon’s Bill No. 2 D) continental bill
Why does President Madison veto John C. Calhoun’s internal improvements bill? A) He is a believer in the broad construction of the Constitution. B) He is a believer in the strict construction of the Constituion. C) He and John C. Calhoun did not see eye to eye and he vetoes the bill out of political spite. D) Congress did not approve the bill and Madison never had a chance to veto.
The American "mountain men": A) refused to consort with Mexican or Indian women. B) were closely tied to the expanding market economy of the United States. C) generally got to keep the bulk of their profits. D) established towns and villages to escape the isolation of the frontier.
The administration of President James Monroe was called the "Era of Good Feelings" because: A) it was a time of few factional disputes and partisan divisions. B) there were no economic depressions. C) most Americans were content to remain where they were. D) the national bank successfully managed the economy.
____________________ is the concept endorsed by Thomas Hart Benton that allows for the government to lower prices of western territories until it is lowered to the point where the average farmer can afford it. A) Rush-Bagot Agreement B) Graduation C) The American System D) Speculation
All of the following were causes of the Panic of 1819 except _____________________. A) Andrew Jackson deliberately withdrew federal deposits hoping that the U.S. Bank would go bankrupt B) The U.S. Bank “called in” loans from smaller western banks. C) “Wildcat banks” did not have money to pay back loans from the U.S. Bank. D) Land speculators had bought land on credit
What was the outcome of the Erie Canal? A) It was a great disaster and nearly bankrupts Pennsylvania B) New York becomes the most populous state in the union C) Trade thrives between the Northwest and the Northeast along the canal D) It ruins the political career of the Governor of Pennsylvania who approved the project E) Both B & C
Which of the following political parties was responsible for creating a national party convention to nominate their parties’ candidates for President and Vice President? A) Federalists B) Whigs C) “Workies” D) Anti-Masons
The Tariff of Abominations was considered so unreasonable because _________________. A) It taxed the people without representation B) It hurt international trade C) It did not help the southern economy D) It did not help the northern economy
Which of the following groups were considered “enemies” of the Second Bank of the U.S.? A) Wall street financiers B) western bankers C) Nicholas Biddle D) Locofocos E) A, B & D
The election of John Quincy Adams in 1828 brought about an end to the _______________________ in which 5 of the first Presidents were from the same area of the U.S. A) King Caucus B) Whig Party C) King Cotton D) Virginia Dynasty