Emily Peters Helaina Christie Justine Boorady Becky Gohsler e.e. cummings 1894-1962 Poe.e.tryis Cummings
this is the garden: colours come and go,... (IX) this is the garden:colours come and go, frail azures fluttering from night's outer wing strong silent greens serenely lingering, absolute lights like baths of golden snow. This is the garden:pursed lips do blow upon cool flutes within wide glooms,and sing (of harps celestial to the quivering string) invisible faces hauntingly and slow. This is the garden. Time shall surely reap and on Death's blade lie many a flower curled, in other lands where other songs be sung; yet stand They here enraptured,as among The slow deep trees perpetual of sleep some silver-fingered fountain steals the world.
Biography • His real name is Edward Estlin Cummings • Cambridge Massachusetts • Harvard-met avantgarde poets and artists
Inspirations • Joy Farm • His father • World War I • Marriages/ Love Joy Farm • Marion Morehouse WWI
Structure • Punctuation • Free verse • Senses • Unpredictable • Common Themes: Love and Relationships, Nature and War
“Enter No” enter no(silence is the blood whose flesh is singing)silence:butunsinging. In spectral such hugest how hush,one dead leaf stirring makes a crash -far away(as far as alive)lies april;and i breathe-move-and-seem some perpetually roaming whylessness- autumn has gone:will winter never come? o come,terribleanonymity;enfold phantom me with the murdering minus of cold -open this ghost with millionary knives of wind- scatter his nothing all over what angry skies and gently (very whiteness:absolute peace, never imaginable mystery) descend
Literary Devices • Symbolism • Personification • Metaphors • Alliteration • Similes • Rhyme
Impressed Critics • “Cummings's innovations in other forms and media are less sure and significant, but he is nonetheless a refreshing influence.”-Paul Christensen • “He wants us to let the images and sounds flood into us in intuitive sequence.”- Norman Freidman • “Further, spacing of key words allows puns which would otherwise be impossible. Some devices, such as the use of lowercase letters at the beginnings of lines … allow a kind of distortion that often re-enforces that of the syntax … All these devices have the effect of jarring the reader, of forcing him to examine experience with fresh eyes.”-Bethany K. Dumas
Un-impressed Critics • ‘Cummings’ consistent attitude in all of his work was “condemning mankind while idealizing the individual.”- David Penberthy • “His later poems included an abundance of second-rate imitations.”- James Dickey • “His later, more conservative poetry came under attack for anti-Semitism, a charge that is still debated.” –enotes • “Cummings’ style did not change or develop much through out his career, and he has been faulted by some for poor artist growth.”- Michael Webster
“Little Tree” little silent Christmas tree you are so little you are more like a flower who found you in the green forest and were you very sorry to come away? see i will comfort you because you smell so sweetly i will kiss your cool bark and hug you safe and tight just as your mother would, only don't be afraid look the spangles that sleep all the year in a dark box dreaming of being taken out and allowed to shine, the balls the chains red and gold the fluffy threads, put up your little arms and i'll give them all to you to hold every finger shall have its ring and there won't be a single place dark or unhappy then when you're quite dressed you'll stand in the window for everyone to see and how they'll stare! oh but you'll be very proud and my little sister and i will take hands and looking up at our beautiful tree we'll dance and sing "Noel Noel"
We agree: • “Further, spacing of key words allows puns which would otherwise be impossible. Some devices, such as the use of lowercase letters at the beginnings of lines … allow a kind of distortion that often re-enforces that of the syntax … All these devices have the effect of jarring the reader, of forcing him to examine experience with fresh eyes.”-Bethany K. Dumas • These do ‘jar reader’ and claim their attention • Makes reader examine poem more closely with ‘fresh eyes’ • “Cummings’ style did not change or develop much through out his career, and he has been faulted by some for poor artist growth.”- Michael Webster • Cummings had a consistent style and structure, which allowed him to improve how they effect the poem.
We disagree: • Cummings’ consistent attitude in all of his work was “condemning mankind while idealizing the individual.”- David Penberthy • Does not condemn mankind. “All In Green Went My Love Riding” is an example. • Does not idealize in most cases, shows no hint of wishing that humans were a certain way- just describes with positive detail.
“I carry your heart with me” i carry your heart with me(i carry it in my heart)i am never without it(anywhere i go you go,my dear; and whatever is done by only me is your doing,my darling) i fear no fate(for you are my fate,my sweet)i want no world(for beautiful you are my world,my true) and it's you are whatever a moon has always meant and whatever a sun will always sing is you here is the deepest secret nobody knows (here is the root of the root and the bud of the bud and the sky of the sky of a tree called life;which grows higher than the soul can hope or mind can hide) and this is the wonder that's keeping the stars apart i carry your heart(i carry it in my heart)