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V-SHARE. THE GREEKS VIDEO NOTES SPARTA NOTES. Spartan City-State. I. Spartan Society. A . Around 1100 BC invaders from the north take control of the Peloponnesus and make the local people work for them 1 . These people are called helots. I. Spartan Society.

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v share

V-SHARE

THE GREEKS VIDEO NOTES

SPARTA NOTES

i spartan society
I. Spartan Society

A. Around 1100 BC invaders from the north take control of the Peloponnesus and make the local people work for them

1. These people are called helots

i spartan society1
I. Spartan Society

B. The Three Social Groups of Sparta (Rigid Social Structure)

1. Equals

a. Related to the invaders. They controlled the city-state and owned the land.

i spartan society2
I. Spartan Society

B. The Three Social Groups of Sparta (Rigid Social Structure)

2. Half-Citizens

a. Were free, paid taxes, and served in the army, but had no political power.

i spartan society3
I. Spartan Society

B. The Three Social Groups of Sparta (Rigid Social Structure)

3. Helots

a. Lowest group in Sparta, would become slaves

b. Greatly outnumbered the Spartans. The Spartans had to use force to control them.

c. To stop a helot uprising the Spartans created a military society.

ii spartan government
II. Spartan Government

A. Oligarchy – ruled by a small group of people

ii spartan government1
II. Spartan Government

B. The Government

1. Two kings lead the government

a. One controlled the army and one took care of matters at home

2. Council of Elders (28 male citizens) proposed laws

3. Assembly

a. All adult male citizens over the age of 30 would vote to accept or reject laws.

iii military society1
III. Military Society

A. Birth

1. Group of Spartan officials would examine newborn babies. If they are deemed unhealthy they were left to die.

iii military society2
III. Military Society

B. Age 7

1. Boys left home to live in military barracks

a. Military training along with reading and writing was the basis for their education.

iii military society3
III. Military Society

C. Age 20

1. Spartan male citizens begin their military careers

a. Could marry, but not live at home till they were 30.

b. We not allowed to engage in any trade or business

1. Money was thought to interfered with military discipline

iii military society4
III. Military Society

D. Results of military lifestyle

1. Almost unbeatable army

2. Individual freedom limited

3. Little art, literature, philosophy, or science created in Sparta.