Modernism - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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  1. Modernism 1914-1945

  2. Historical BackgroundWorld War I • a world conflict lasting from 1914 to 1919 • fighting lasted until 1918 • war was fought by the Allies on one side, and the Central Powers on the other • the war had become the second bloodiest conflict in recorded history. The assassination of Archduke Franz Ferdinand of Austria and Sophie, Duchess of Hohenberg on 28 June 1914 in Bosnia-Herzegovina brought the tensions between Austria-Hungary and Serbia to a head. This triggered a chain of international events that embroiled Russia and the major European powers. War broke out in Europe over the next thirty-seven days.

  3. Historical BackgroundWorld War I: Economic Effects • Boom in Technology and Industry • Competitive work force • Jobs for women (women’s rights; 19th amendment) • Economic Security

  4. The Roaring 20’s • 1st Radio Station on air • Boom in automobile production • Radical change in women’s fashions (flappers)/ Coco Chanel popularizes the “little black dress” • General carefree feeling of security, due to America’s flourishing economy • Flourishing film industry

  5. Coco Channel

  6. Greta Garbo

  7. Charlie Chaplin

  8. Betty Boop

  9. The Great Depression • began in October 1929, when the stock market in the United States dropped rapidly • thousands of investors lost large sums of money and many were wiped out, lost everything; many committed suicide • this 'crash' led us into the Great Depression • longest and worst period of high unemployment and low business activity in modern times. • banks, stores, and factories were closed and left millions of Americans jobless, homeless, and penniless. Many people came to depend on the government or charity to provide them with food.

  10. Modernist Authors • Robert Frost • e.e. cummings • Zora Neale Hurston • Langston Hughes • Claude McKay • Willa Cather • Katherine Anne Porter

  11. Literary Characteristics • Free Verse- form of poetry with no set meter patterns, rhyme, or any other musical pattern • Juxtaposition-The arrangement of two or more ideas, characters, actions, settings, phrases, or words side-by-side or in similar narrative moments for the purpose of comparison, contrast, rhetorical effect, suspense, or character development • Stream of Consciousness • Experimentation in form and content • Themes involving disillusionment

  12. The Harlem Renaissance Explosion of African American art, literature, music, and philosophy • Great Migration- Migration of African Americans from the South to the North, due to the destruction of crops by the bo weevil. • Precursor to the Civil Rights Movement

  13. Harlem is vicious Modernism. BangClash. Vicious the way it's made, Can you stand such beauty. So violent and transforming. - Amiri Baraka (LeRoi Jones)

  14. Philosophical Divide Marcus Garvey W.E.B Dubois Sociologist; Co-founder of the NAACP; historian, writer Believed in desegregation and equal rights for African Americans in the United States • Leader of the “Back to Africa” Movement Believed African Americans should not assimilate to American cultural norms; rather, they should focus on going back to the motherland

  15. Jazz Age • Duke Ellington • Louis Armstrong • Ella Fitzgerald • Josephine Baker • Billie Holiday

  16. Harlem Art Aaron Douglas Primitivism Jacob Lawrence

  17. The Great Gatsby