Confederation. Internal & External Factors. 1850’s scattered colonies of British North America. The Situation. not this situation. Vancouver Island and British Columbia The North-Western Territory Rupert’s Land (Hudson’s Bay Trading Co.) The Red River Settlement
Internal & External Factors
not this situation
Vancouver Island and British Columbia
The North-Western Territory
Rupert’s Land (Hudson’s Bay Trading Co.)
The Red River Settlement
Canada (Canada East & Canada West)
What areas become united?
British North American colonies join together in a federal union.
Four Provinces: Ontario, Quebec, Nova Scotia, and New Brunswick.
Canada West Canada East
Liberal-Conservative Party (Tories) + Le Parti Bleu (Conservatives)
(John A. Macdonald) (George-Etienne Cartier)
Reform Party (Clear Grits) + Le Parti Rouge (Reform Party)
(George Brown) (Antoine-AimeDorion)
Coalition- A temporary joining together of two or more political parties
Canada West -1 393 000 mainly English-speaking Protestant.
Canada East -1 112 000 mainly French-speaking and Roman Catholic.
This treaty was due to expire after ten years.
Britain’s support of the South during the Civil War upset the Americans. Canadians feared US would not renew the reciprocity agreement.
Solution: Free trade among the colonies.
This in turn, pushed the colonies closer together. Increasing need for Confederation.
“. . . If they are to be constantly applying to us for guarantees for railways, and for grants for fortresses, and for works of defence, then I think it would be far better for them and us – cheaper for us – that they should become independent.”